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Candida Albicans can also infect our mouth: white plaques, throat pain and painful swallowing are the first alarm bells. It is important to consult a specialist physician for proper diagnosis and therapy, in order to stem the candida infection, even though it is not contagious. Often one is affected when there is a decrease in immune defenses, or if you have undergone an antibiotic treatment. Patients with HIV are subject to various kinds of fungal diseases, including oral candidiasis; the same applies to diabetic patients with high levels of blood sugar. You should also pay attention if you use a dental prosthesis: the denture and mouth hygiene must be frequent and accurate.
What is thrush
Even mouth mucus and oral cavity may be affected by Candida Albicans, unfortunately. Candidiasis of oral mucosa is commonly known as thrush. The symptoms can be multiple and in less fortunate cases all together. Oral candidiasis manifests itself with whitish plaques in the mouth and throat, sometimes with pain. The mucous membranes are very reddened, and there is the feeling of an unpleasant taste in the mouth. Often there are cuts on the sides of the lips, and swallowing is tiring and annoying.
As you can see, these are symptoms similar to other oral cavity infections, so it is good that the diagnosis is entrusted to a specialist in order to provide proper pharmacological care.
Fungal infections are some of the most common infectious diseases. There are different types of fungi that can cause infections. A fungal infection appears in different ways depending on where the body is. Some fungal infections can be treated with prescription drugs.
Yeast fungi Candida Albicans are two types of fungus that cause common infections in the skin, mucous membranes and nails. Fungi can also infect various organs in the body, for example, if you have a reduced immune response due to a serious illness or treatment. Such infections are unusual but serious. The risk of fungal infections is greater in children under one year, pregnant and elderly.
Yeast fungus is usually found in the mouth, vagina, intestine and sebaceous glands without causing any inconvenience. But sometimes the fungus can quickly multiply and cause an inconvenience. For example, it may be if the body’s infection deficiency is impaired due to a serious illness or if the normal bacterial bloom is disturbed, for example in connection with antibiotic treatment. It may also be if you are treated with high doses of cortisone, have diabetes or dental prosthesis.
Examples of infections caused by Candida yeast are fungal infection in the genitals and thrush. Fungal infection in and around the vagina, called candida vaginitis, is common. Fungal infection of foreskin, balanite, may also occur. Thrush, which is an infection in the mouth. Thrush is the most common in small children, which usually get well without treatment. But even adults can get the infection and then it may be due to antibiotic treatment or lowered immune system.
Examples of infections caused by the Malassezia yeast are: dandruff, also known as seborrheic eczema, is common in both adults and children. Seborrheic eczema occurs, for example, in the scalp, eyebrows, thorax, diaper area, ears and nasal wing; pityriasis versikolor, which usually occurs on skin areas with a lot of sebaceous glands, such as the chest and the back.
Infections in the skin and nails caused by filamentous fungi: thread fungi, also called dermatophytes, are usually not present in the skin. For example, you can get dermatophyte infection through damp floors in a bathhouse or gym or by contact with pets. Examples of fungal infections are: athlete’s foot, which most often attacks the skin between the toes. Foot fungus is unusual in children under ten years. Foot fungus is often spread through floors in, for example, a bathhouse; tinea cruris, sitting in the groin but often stretching a bit down the thigh. In the case of lung sponges, it is common to have athlete’s foot.
Ringworm, which can be applied to the skin or the scalp. Ringworm is often spread from humans or pets. Hairbottom fungi, most common in children, resemble dandruff eczema but give bare spots. Mockasin fungi, sitting on the foot and the sides of the foot. Nail fungus may occur at the same time. Infections caused by fungi are called medical language for tinea.
On the skin, fungal infections can cause red rashes, pruritus, scabs or sore skin. On the sole of the foot, the skin may become dry and scaly. Infected mucous membranes in the mouth can become strongly red, sometimes with white coatings. The spots can also sweat excessively. Sometimes cracks may occur in the mouths. The clearest symptoms of fungal infection in the genitals are pruritus and irritation. Women can sometimes get an odorless white discharge. Nail fungi make the nail yellowish, thickened and unlatched. Fungal infections can sometimes be difficult to distinguish from other skin diseases.
Antibiotics alter the balance of intestinal bacterial flora and allow resistant species to proliferate, such as fungi resistant to antibiotic action. In addition, antibiotics interfere with bacterial flora because they hinder the production of nutrients, particularly vitamin B produced by healthy flora. This creates gaps in the mucous membranes that allow the passage of pathogenic organisms, the same ones that in equilibrium conditions would fail to pass. But not only, there are also antibiotics that favor the growth of Candida Albicans in a direct way. In the case of candida attention to sugars and yeasts.
Since fungus thrive where it is hot and humid it is good to keep the skin clean and dry. Use as breathing clothes or shoes as possible. There are several different prescription-free antifungal drugs that can be used in the following fungal infections
Drugs in the form of cream, gel, solution and shampoo are used for skin and scalp infections. There is cream that also contains cortisone, which relieves itching. Nail fungus need not be treated if you have no nuisance changes. If you want to treat yourself at home, there is a medical nail polish.
Fungal infections in the vagina can disappear by itself and then you do not need to do anything. If you have so much trouble you want to treat you, there are vagaries and vaginal tablets. It is a drug that you enter into your vagina. Vaginal cream and vaginal gel can be used both in the vagina and around the mucous membrane. There are also capsules that you swallow. Ask a pharmacist what medicines are available for your inconvenience. There are also other medicines that you can get on prescription.
Sometimes fungi can infect various organs in the body, such as the lungs, intestines, urinary tract and brain. It is called invasive fungal infections and can be serious. The risk of invasive fungal infections increases if your immune system is impaired. For example, if you have a disease like cancer, HIV or poorly controlled diabetes. The same applies if you have received an organ transplanted or treated with cytostatics. The risk also increases if you get dialysis, have burns or have undergone a major surgery. A common symptom is fever. Otherwise, the symptoms may be diffuse and depend on which body is infected.
Thrush in babies
When young children get thrush in their mouths, a whitish coating appears on the tongue, on the inside of the lips and cheeks, and in the palate. Sometimes the child does not want to eat because it is unpleasant. Sometimes the infection can spread through the intestines and cause a fungal infection on the skin on the buttocks. The skin will then turn red and irritated. Thrush usually passes by itself. It is not dangerous for children to have thrush in their mouths and you usually do not need to seek care. For the most part, thrush disappears without treatment. If the child uses a pacifier or a toy, they should be boiled daily.
Some find it helpful for the treatment of thrush by brushing on the tongue with mineral water containing sodium bicarbonate, such as soda or Vichy water. There is no research that shows that it is effective, but it is harmless to try.
If you are breastfeeding and the child has thrush in the mouth, you may have a fungal infection of the chest. To avoid severe trouble in the breasts you should seek care. Both the child and you may need to be treated with prescription fungal medicine. For the child, it is often a medicine to brush in the child’s mouth. If the child has a problem with the skin on the buttocks you should seek care with your paediatrician or a healthcare center.
Natural remedies against thrush (oral candidiasis)
Natural remedies in the complex treatment of candidiasis play an important role, their use allows the body to quickly cope with the symptoms of the disease and prevent the spread of the disease. the treatment of the disease with natural remedies can only be combined with the use of antifungal therapy, you should not replace the main treatment, but only complement it. You can associate some medical remedies prescribed by the doctor with some natural remedies to soothe and disinfect the oral cavity, working in synergy with medicines and shortening recovery times.
First of all it is good to strengthen the immune defenses and therefore feed the intestinal bacterial flora with the breakthrough cavalry: the probiotics. We recommend the probiotics in spores that guarantee us to get intact and live up to their destination, that is, up to our intestines. Fresh probiotics should in fact be kept in the fridge and not always the transports from the manufacturers to the retailers ensure the respect of the storage conditions. Probiotics like Bacillus Coagulans enriched with such prebiotics as FOS, fruit-oligosaccharides develop about 10 billion good bacteria that help counteract infections and illnesses.
Tea Tree Oil and grapefruit extract
We can use a mixture of these essential antifungal and antibacterial oils to make flushes and gargle. Add 5 drops of both Tea Tree and grapefruit extract in little water we go on washing the gums, the tongue and the oral cavity. Mix the mixture in the mouth for a few minutes and then rinse the whole thing. The flavor is not very enjoyable and if we are tough we can add a few drops of squeezed lemon.
Salt and vinegar
Another effective blend that burns a bit but disinfects is offered by salt and vinegar dissolved in a glass of water. It essentially healing and disinfecting remedies, without antifungal properties, but can be alternated with essential oils and used for oral cavity cleaning even when you are not affected by pathologies. It can be a great mix for the cleaning for those having dentures.
Myrrh is an antiseptic resin with healing properties. It has antimycotic properties and is indicated for stomatitis, abdominal pain, candidiasis of the oral cavity, sore throat, gingivitis and pharyngitis. You can easily find it in herbalist, there are also ready-to-go broilers to gargle and flush out. It has no contraindications and can be used several times a day. If you can not find the mouthwash you can use essential oil: 5 drops in a little water. Be careful not to swallow it, because essential oils can be irritating.
There are natural remedies that, combined with proper nutrition, are able to finally eradicate candida. With regard to nutrition, it is first and foremost to eliminate sugars, refined flours and yeasts because they are foods that are directly fed to candida. Sugars favor fermentation that stimulates the activity of the mycetes. Alcohol (rich in sugars) must also be eliminated because when it is metabolized it feeds proliferation of candida. Similarly, yeast and mold foods must be eliminated. There are sweet foods derived from the topinambur and dandelion roots that stimulate the growth of bifidobacteria and not that of the mycetes, by feeding the intestinal bacterial flora properly. A restored and balanced bacterial flora reinforces immune defenses and is one of the most important factors in combating the proliferation of fungi.
To treat candida, you can take a vitamin B8 supplement (biotin) that helps to control the activity of the mycetes. Vitamin B8 is found in whole grains, soybeans and nuts. In phytotherapy there are several valid remedies with antifungal action. Among these is Pau d’arco whose bark has antimycotic, immunostimulant, anti-inflammatory properties. It is used in the form of tablets for the treatment of infections and for the disinfection of mucous membranes and tissues, so it is effective in the presence of fungus, dandruff and candidiasis.
Garlic and Grapefruit: the two powerful natural antibiotics
Garlic contains allicin and is known for its antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal properties. It is considered a natural antibiotic. If you can, you can eat it raw daily. To solve the problem of bad breath, it can be combined with parsley. Grapefruit also has antibiotic properties recognized for some time. The dry extract of the seeds has antifungal and antibiotic action and is used in drops (very bitter) or compressed in infections caused by yeasts and fungus like candida.
Golden verga to fight candida
Golden verga is a medicinal plant with diuretic, anti-inflammatory and decongestant action. It is also considered an excellent blood purifier. Mother tincture in drops and the dry extract in capsules have antimycotic properties; in fact, they inhibit the proliferation of candida and other intestinal and genitourinary fungal infections. The plant’s astringent and anti-inflammatory action are effective in decongesting mucous membranes and combating excessive vaginal secretion.
Tea tree and lavender oil: an effective anti-thrush remedy
Tea tree essential oil is universally known for its antifungal properties. This remedy can be used daily lavender to relieve itching and redness. Put 15 drops of essential oil in half a liter of lukewarm water. Add three drops of Lavender essential oil and proceed with an irrigation.
Boric acid tablets for candida
Against candida, another natural remedy based on organic biochemistry is offered by vaginal tablets based on boric acid. They fit locally and serve to create an internal soil with a pH where the fungi spores cannot survive.
Yogurt against thrush
The bacteria contained in yogurt can help prevent infection; if you choose to try this fast remedy, remember that the yogurt to be used for candida treatment must be 100% natural, you can also try to do it yourself at home. If the problem concerns intimate parts, you can spread yogurt on a normal absorbent and wear it, taking care to change it every 2 hours. When candida infection affects other parts of the body, it is possible to ingest yogurt without added sugars or aromas in the morning before breakfast.
Traditional methods of treatment of thrush most often use leaching with the help of decoctions of medicinal plants and herbs. For these purposes, chamomile, juniper, sage, St. John’s wort, calendula, eucalyptus and other products that have anti-inflammatory properties.
To prepare the infusion, take one or two tablespoons of dried herbs and a liter of boiling water. You can prepare the infusion in a thermos to use it several times. But it is better to prepare a new infusion every day so that the medicinal properties of the plants do not disappear. After the herbs are infused with boiling water, you need to wait at least an hour. Then a glass of concentrated infusions, before it is filtered, is added to boiled water for mouth washing, cooled to room temperature and applied at least twice a day.
Alternatively, the infusion is prepared with two spoonfuls of medicinal herbs for two glasses of boiling water. You can pour cold water, then bring it to a boil, but do not let it boil. Next, the infusion is heated in a water bath for 20 minutes. After that, let the infusion cool down, filter and use for mouth washing.
Alleviating thrush is possible with the use of such natural remedies as soda, potassium permanganate, furacilin. All these components are used to wash and remove external symptoms of irritation, which can appear on the mucous or on the skin. A spoonful of soda is dissolved in a liter of boiled water and then applied to the affected surface;
Permanganate disinfects the surface of the skin and mucous membranes well, it is important to remember that the crystals themselves should not get on the skin, otherwise it can cause a burn, so potassium permanganate is diluted in water until the solution turns slightly pink, gently filtered and used for washing the mouth;
Furacilin removes inflammatory processes, it can be used in tablets or solutions that are diluted in hot boiled water and then treated with mucosal surface, the prepared solution has a bright yellow color.
Spruce essential oil
Thrush can be treated with essential oils, spruce and tea tree oil being the most effective of all remedies. The oils are applied directly to the affected surface. During the treatment, burning sensations may occur, but it quickly passes. Do not apply a lot of oil, just apply a thin layer of the affected area and leave it on the surface for absorption. The procedure can be carried out once a day. Do not use essential oils for a long time. If the treatment is prolonged, then the procedure with the use of the remedy is carried out for a week, after which a break is made.
Other natural remedies
Other natural remedies in the treatment of the disease include such components as garlic, ginger and honey. These products are able to restore and maintain the immune system and are used to prevent fungal diseases and viral infections.
First, proper nutrition rules should be observed. Diet should be an important component in the fight against thrush. Your friends are leafy green vegetables, including spinach and broccoli. The food should be balanced and contain a lot of fiber. Avoid refined sugars and products that have undergone a lot of processing. Do not consume too many simple carbohydrates, such as white bread or rice, as the yeast will only accelerate its growth on such a diet.
Garlic and onions have strong antifungal properties. Use a combination of these ingredients when cooking. Use them in a snack with the main dish in their raw form.
Supplements or products containing probiotics will help you to restore the number of healthy bacteria in the body. Probiotics do not kill Candida, but instead allow the body to restore the line of defense against yeast in the form of accumulation of beneficial bacteria that will naturally rid you of thrush.
The best of all probiotics available at home is yogurt. It contains acidophilus, which refers to bacteria, which help in inhibiting the growth of fungi. There are supplements with acidophilin in the form of capsules, which should be taken several times a day until the infection passes. One serving of yogurt contains millions of healthy bacteria that can help treat thrush and improve digestion. To do this, simply eat twice a day yogurts containing live enzymes. Changes in the diet will not give immediate relief, but they are strongly recommended for long-term results.
Mouth rinse with tea tree oil
Tea tree oil perfectly destroys bacteria and acts five times more efficiently than alcohol. For rinsing, add a few drops of tea tree oil in a glass of warm water, take it into the mouth and hold the liquid for a minute. Spit out after rinsing.
It is necessary to know that healthy bacteria in the process of vital activity produce hydrogen peroxide in sufficient quantities to kill yeast fungi. Due to the fact that beneficial bacteria are in a depressed state, you can use mouthwash with a three percent solution of hydrogen peroxide. For this you will need one tablespoon of peroxide dissolved in a glass of water. The remedy is applied only to the affected skin areas, as it will burn the mucosa of the mouth.
Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar contains natural enzymes that can regulate the presence of Candida in the body. Apple cider vinegar also restores the pH level of the body. To treat thrush, raw apple cider vinegar will do just fine. One tablespoon of apple cider vinegar should be taken every day until the infection passes. Apple cider vinegar has a strong taste and smell. So dilute it with water and drink twice a day. If you heat water and add honey, you can get a good tea. To rinse mouth with thrush in adults, you will need a mixture of 1 cup of warm water, a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and a pinch of salt.
Salt against thrush
Salt, as opposed to sugar, and in itself will have a beneficial effect on the oral cavity when treating thrush. Simply dilute ½ teaspoon of salt in a glass of cool water and rinse your mouth three times a day.
- Maintaining oral hygiene helps to prevent thrush. Keep the tongue, teeth and gums clean. Visit the dentist regularly. Smoking and dry mouth can also lead to thrush. Get rid of bad habits.
- To disinfect the mouth, mix one teaspoonful of soda in a glass of water. Soaked a cotton swab in the solution and rub your mouth and tongue three times a day.
- Follow a healthy, balanced diet combined with regular physical activity
- Cook foods without excessive condiments. For this purpose, it is advisable to prefer grilling or steaming, avoiding frying.
- Strengthen your immune defenses
- Intubated or catheterized patients - especially those who are immunocompromised - require more control to prevent infections of any type, including those sustained by Candida
- Take yogurt with live lactic ferments, prebiotics (e.g. FOS and inulin) or probiotics (Lactobacillus) is an effective remedy to help balance the intestinal bacterial flora
- Limit the maximum glucidic intake (
- Following a specific anticandida diet relieves the symptoms of infection. To do this, it is essential to contact a nutritionist or other competent person to avoid nutritional deficiencies
- Carefully maintain oral hygiene with organic toothpastes and mouth rinses
- Relaxing is a good remedy to prevent thrush (or to speed up its elimination). In fact, we recall that stress can favor or enhance infection
- Carefully wash linens and clothes that have been in contact with a subject affected by Candida
- Washing (external) with fresh water can give you an instant feeling of relief from itching. In fact, cryotherapy (cold therapy) is also indicated as a mild alternative anesthetic
At the same time, this is your not-to-do list to keep thrush at bay:
- Do not follow a diet rich in simple sugars
- Do not lead a sedentary life
- Do not gain too much weight
- Do not smoke
- Do not consume alcohol
- Do not put off a visit to doctor: when you suspect an infection from Candida, it is advisable to contact your doctor immediately to get started with any antifungal treatment
- Do not continue the contraceptive pill in case Candida infection is caused by the administration of these contraceptive methods
- Do not choose tampons as the preferred type of absorbent. In women who are predisposed to fungal infections, the frequent use of internal absorbents can favor the nesting of Candida. For the same reason women who are vaginal candidiasis should avoid using menstrual cups.
- Do not clean intimate parts with aggressive products
- Do not use spermicides (chemical contraceptives) as a preferred contraceptive tool. The stubborn use of these products can irritate the vaginal mucosa, increasing the risk of Candida infection
- Wear synthetic lace or lace, which limit the vulva’s sweating
- Wear very adherent clothes, especially if they are synthetic
- Do not engage in sexual intercourse with subjects with Candida albicans. In these cases, it is advisable to use a barrier contraceptive method (e.g. female condom or regular condom)
- Do not scratch the pruriginous areas. Although itching is often unrepeatable, it is imperative to avoid scratching as much as possible, so as not to irritate even the wounded area
- Do not use towels, clothes or linens potentially infected by Candida colonies
- Do not abuse of vaginal lavage (which can irritate vaginal mucosa, favoring mycotic infections)
The application of implantable contraceptives – such as the IUD copper or hormonal coil – is not recommended in women who are infected with candidiasis, since the presence of a device in the uterus may favor bacteria and michets. Alternatively, you can use contraceptive pill, transdermal patch, condom or other barrier methods.
Can thrush be transmitted from person to person? Before arriving at the answer, it should be pointed out that Candida albicans is a normal body inhabitant, including the mouth. This means that it is part of the bacterial microflora of the body and is present in a small amount. This is easily controlled by the body. However, kissing someone who suffers from oral candidiasis increases the amount of candida albicans fungi in the body. The level of fungi may increase too much and the body becomes incapable of handling them, thus developing the symptoms of the oral thrush.
Technically, the oral candida is not contagious. Simply kissing an infected person does not cause thrush. It is just the increase in mushrooms in the mouth that could make the difference between contracting the disease or not.
Usually, the doctor will diagnose the oral thrush based on the typical symptoms and appearance of the mouth. Instrumental examinations (eg magnetic resonance imaging) or blood tests are not required to diagnose oral candidiasis. However, sometimes the doctor may prescribe a blood test to look for some diseases that can increase the chances of developing thrush. For example, a blood test is used to see if there are deficiencies in iron, B12, folic acid.
If the oral candidiasis does not respond to treatment, your doctor may recommend a mouth (or buccal) swab. The sample is sent to the laboratory to be examined under the microscope. Biopsy to confirm the diagnosis of oral candidiasis is taken only on rare occasions. A small sample is taken from the white plaques inside the mouth and these can be examined by the microscope.
The goal of any oral candidiasis treatment is to stop the rapid diffusion of the fungus, but the best approach depends on age, general health and the cause of infection.
For infants and nursing mothers
If the baby uses a pacifier or drinks from the bottle, sterilize the baby bottles and the pacifiers every day by washing them at high temperatures in bowls, in a basin with a solution of water and vinegar. Afterwards, they should be left to dry in the open air to prevent the growth of the fungi. If you use a napkin, sterilize or rinse the parts that are in contact with the milk in a solution of water and vinegar.
Adults or children who have oral thrush but have no other illness can try one of these: eat unheated yogurt or take capsules or liquid with Lactobacillus acidophilus. Yogurt and acidophilus do not destroy the fungus, but can help restore normal bacterial flora in the body. If the infection persists, the doctor prescribes an antifungal medication.
Important conclusive notes on natural thrush treatment
The best strategy to combat and counteract candida is the combined one. Following a diet with great rigor, taking probiotics together with two or three selected natural remedies to counteract the proliferation of the fungus should get you rid of the infection in a definitive way. Another important aspect is that care should be continued for at least three months after the remission of the symptoms, and that the nutrition remains well balanced for a very long time. Synergy always wins!
For adults with weakened immune system, the doctor often recommends the following therapies:
- Antifungal drugs. These are available in various forms, including tablets, tablets or liquids to make garglepes that should then be swallowed. Some antifungal drugs can cause liver damage. For this reason, your doctor will most likely perform blood tests to monitor the function of the liver. Blood tests are performed especially if long-term treatment or if the patient has a liver disease.
- Amphotericin B. Candida albicans can become resistant to antifungal drugs, especially in people with advanced HIV infection. This medication can be used when other drugs are not effective. Generally doctors prescribe drops, gels, tablets or tablets that contain nistatin (Mycostatin) or miconazole (Daktarin) to treat thrush.