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Migraines are acute seizures of blistering headaches that usually last for half a day. The pain gets worse when you exert yourself physically and touch your head. The cause is not known but migraine can be triggered by, for example, stress, hormone changes or some food and drink. The risk of getting migraines increases if you have a relative who has it. Migraine attacks are almost always harmless.
The headache may come suddenly or with different symptoms than before. Some get so-called aura before the headache begins. Aura can be visual phenomena or confused speech / general confusion of senses. This type of migraine used to be called classic migraine but is now called migraine with aura. The problems usually decreases after the age of 40. Children can also get migraines, but it less more common. The attacks in children are shorter and usually last half an hour to one or a few hours.
The most common symptoms of migraine, in both adults and children, are as follows:
- You get headaches that are often difficult and intense, but may also be moderate and vary in intensity during an attack
- The pain is dull, throbbing or pulsating
- The pain is located in one side of the head or one eye, but it can also be double-sided
- The pain worsens when you touch your head and engage in physical activity
- You become hypersensitive to smells, sounds and light
- You feel nauseous and vomit
- You experience fatigue and it is hard to concentrate.
- You may experience mood swings before the attack
More than half of those who have migraine to get a clue that an attack is in progress several hours before the headache starts. These clues are often diffused and may appear in different ways.
- Experience an uneasiness in the body
- Get mood swings
- Feel sick and having stomach ache, such as lighter stomach aches and gases
- Get swollen hands and feet
- Yawning, getting abnormally tired and having tension and light aching in the neck
- Experience a sweet tooth strike or increased appetite
- Feel alert, clear and excited.
- Some get visional aura
The most common symptom of aura is that you experience visual phenomena, such as a growing empty hole in the field of vision, blurred falling vision, zigzag patterns, flashes, flicker or double-eyed. You can also get tingling sensation and numbness around your mouth and arm. It can start in the hand and then spread up along the arm. You can have difficulty controlling your body and talking as usual. You may also get distorted body perception. The symptoms of the aura phase tend to be similar to one and the same person, but may vary a lot between different persons.
Migraine headache phases
During a typical migraine attack several distinct phases are recognized, although the patient may not necessarily pass them all through:
- Prodromal phase: it occurs hours or days before headache develops;
- Aura: immediately precedes migraine;
- Phase of pain: corresponds to acute headache;
- Resolution (or recovery) phase: Includes the symptoms and disorders experienced after the end of a migraine attack.
Prodromal symptoms occur in about 60% of subjects affected by migraine; typically, these symptoms make their onset several hours or days before the onset of pain or aura. Prodromal phase may include a wide range of phenomena including: mood alterations, irritability, depression or euphoria, tiredness, desire for some foods, muscle stiffness (especially in the neck), constipation or diarrhea and sensitivity to odors or noises. Prodromal phase may occur in the headache with or without aura.
Some people experience transient neurological phenomena of visual, motor, or sensory (aura), which appear gradually shortly before the pain begins and can continue during the migraine attack. This phase may normally last from 15 minutes to an hour. Rarely, the aura may appear without the headache being followed; this condition is known as silent migraine.
Phase of pain (real migraine)
Migraine usually occurs with unilateral, intense pain. In some cases, however, headache can be bilateral (particularly common in people with headaches without aura) and may be associated with neck pain. Less commonly the pain can occur mainly in the back or top of the head. Pain usually lasts from 4 to 72 hours in adults, whereas in children it often lasts less than an hour.
At least one of the following conditions is generally associated with the onset of pain: nausea or vomiting, fatigue, irritability, extreme light sensation, smells and sounds. Generally at this stage, there are also a number of other symptoms, including blurred vision, closed nose, diarrhea, frequent urination, pallor, sweating, neck stiffness, and so on. The frequency of attacks is variable: some people often suffer from migraine, which afflicts them several times a week, while others experience a single headache every now and then.
Resolution and recovery phase
Most attacks gradually fade away spontaneously. Rest often helps to relieve the symptoms. However, the effects of migraine may persist for several days after the migraine attack is resolved. At this stage, cognitive difficulties, gastrointestinal symptoms, mood changes, feeling of exhaustion and weakness may occur. In particular, some people feel unusually euphoric after an attack, while others point to a condition of general depression and malaise.
If you have a migraine with aura, it is common for aura phenomenon to come before the headache. Aura usually lasts twenty to thirty minutes, sometimes up to an hour. After the aura has set in, the headache usually comes. Sometimes the headache comes after a short interval. Aura can also persist under the headache phase.
There are also migraines with only aura without any headache. This becomes more common with increasing age. Sometimes it may be difficult to distinguish circulatory disorders in the brain, such as stroke, from migraine without headache. After the migraine attack you may become tired, irritable and apathetic. If you’ve had a severe attack, you can even feel dazzled during a couple of days afterwards.
What causes migraine?
The cause of migraines is not entirely known, but research has shown that the attack starts in the central nervous system in the brain. To some extent, the disease is hereditary. The researchers believe that during the migraine attack there is a complicated interaction between the brain’s nerves, nerves and the blood vessel system.
One theory is that the nervous cells in central parts of the brain such as the hypothalamus, thalamus and brain stem participate in the initiation of the attack while the brain cortex is affected by the aura. This is especially true of the nerve cells in the necklobe where the center of vision is located. It is thought that discharges occur in these nerve cells which lead to aura symptoms as well as pain, nausea and sensitivity to light, noise and scents.
Another theory is that there is a migraine center in that part of the brain called the brain stem. According to that theory, signals from migraine centers trigger the triggering of the so-called trigeminus nerve and send signals to a center of pain in the brain stem and, secondly, to other structures such as blood vessels. It leads to severe pain. The nerve signals are also considered to go to other parts of the brain, causing nausea and sensitivity to light and sound.
Migraine is more common among women. Many people with migraine get more than one attack per month. Sometimes, but it is unusual, several attacks occur every month. Seven out of ten people who get migraines have a close relative who also has the disease. Migraines without aura are much more common than migraines with aura. About 20 percent have migraines with aura. Children can also get migraines, but it is more common and the seizures are shorter. Juvenile migraine disappears in 50% of patients at 14-15 years of age.
Although the causes of migraine have not yet been properly defined, it is believed that etiology can be linked to the intervention of various environmental, biological and genetic factors. In addition, some psychological conditions are typically associated with migraine, including depression and anxiety.
Various hypotheses have been made over time. The main theory is related to the alteration of the pain regulation system, associated with increased excitability of the cerebral cortex (the most external part of the brain) and malfunctioning of an area of the brainstem responsible for controlling painful stimuli. The effect of this mechanism involves the consequent involvement of trigeminal nerve fibers (one of the major nerve pathways involved in the propagation of pain in the skull).
Fluctuation in hormone levels can play an important role: some women report headaches from two days earlier to three days after menstrual flow, a period corresponding to decreasing estrogen levels. Even the imbalance of some chemical messengers, such as endorphins and serotonin, acting as natural analgesics, may be a cause of migraine. Indeed, these neurotransmitters help counteract painful stimuli by taking action on the antinociceptive system. During migraine, hormonal fluctuations and / or neurochemical stimuli may result in exaggerated stimulation of the sensory nerves (in particular, trigeminal nerve fibers) surrounding the blood vessels of the head and neck; this induces narrowing the blood vessels’ caliber, resulting in a reduction in blood supply in particular brain areas. The so-determined physiological effect can justify the appearance of aura symptoms. The subsequent dilation of the blood vessels can cause the feeling of pain in the head. The mechanism by which neurotransmitters and hormones participate in the onset of migraine is not yet entirely clear.
According to a further hypothesis, migraine may be the result of a hereditary constitutional predisposition to react to external and internal stimuli. As a result, the brain triggers the migraine attack in genetically predisposed subjects. In particular, migraines appear to be in a tendency to be transmitted within the same family (in about two-thirds of cases) and would be related to the presence of a number of specific gene variants that increase the risk of the disorder being present.
Factors triggering migraine
Many factors have been identified as triggers for migraine attacks. These stimuli include emotional, physical, nutritional, environmental, and medicinal factors.
|Physical and physiological stimuli||Fatigue|
Poor sleep quality
Neck or shoulder tension
Travel for a long time
Low blood sugar level
Excessive physical activity
Hormonal imbalances: menstruation, menarche, pregnancy and menopause
Headaches generally do not occur during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy or after menopause.
|Foods / dietary stimuli||Late or non-regular meals (for altering blood sugar levels)|
Food additives: tyramine, monosodium glutamate or nitrates
Excessive consumption of caffeine-containing products such as coffee and tea
Specific foods such as chocolate, citrus, seasoned cheese, sausages, fermented or preservative foods
|Environmental causes||Poor indoor air quality and illumination (example: intense lights, staying in rooms with spoiled air)|
Exposure to the sun
Smoking habit (or smoky rooms)
Strong odors and noises (example: unpleasant scents, such as paint thinners and passive smoke)
Weather and climate changes, such as barometric pressure variations, strong winds, altitude changes or very cold temperatures.
Some types of sleeping pills
Some vasodilators (eg: nitroglycerin)
Hormone replacement therapy, which is sometimes used to treat menopause
In some patients, hormone therapy (contraceptive pill and hormone replacement therapy) tends to worsen migraine, while other women report a positive effect.
What triggers migraines varies from person to person and may also vary from time to time with the same person.
Stress is the most common cause of a migraine attack. Often the attack occurs only when you relax, for example on the weekend after a stressful working week or on the first holiday day. Even chronic stress can lead to a significant deterioration of the migraine.
Hormonal changes. In women, there is a connection between migraines and hormone changes. It is common for the disease to appear during puberty. Many people experience seizures of migraines associated with menstruation. The symptoms usually disappear or relieve during pregnancy if you have a migraine without aura. Migraine with aura, on the other hand, usually worsens during pregnancy. Pills can make the trouble worse, but in some cases they can relieve. During the menopause period, the inconvenience may increase, while after menopause it often becomes mild or disappears altogether.
Diet. Certain foods and drinks can play a significant role in some people. For example, it may be chocolate, mold cheese and other strong cheeses, red wine, citrus fruits, spicy foods and soybean oil.
Physical effort, sleep shortage, fever. Long-term physical exertion can also cause migraines. If you are staying at high altitude, the inconvenience may increase. You can also get migraines of too little or too much sleep, heat or strong sunlight, high noise, strong smelling perfume, or fluctuations in temperature.
Ocular (ophthalmic) migraine is a form of headache characterized by the appearance of completely reversible visual and / or neurological symptoms. This is, in particular, a migraine headache. Cranial pain may be associated with nausea, dizziness, muscle cramps, increased tearing, photophobia, and scintillating scotomes (light flashes). These disorders can temporarily interfere with certain activities, such as reading or driving, but the condition is usually not considered serious.
Ophthalmic migraine may be caused by incorrect vision defects (myopia, hypermetropia or astigmatism), a condition of eye fatigue, or ocular pathologies that make vision difficult (cataracts). In some cases, it can originate from a trigeminal nerve inflammation.
Retinal migraine is a visual disorder which results in partial or complete vision loss, generally less than one hour, following the onset of the headache. The causes are attributable to a retinal vasospasm or to an ocular form of migraine heart disease. Despite the similarities with visual symptoms associated with migraines with aura (transient and completely reversible, often in both eyes), with which it may be confused, retinal migraine can lead to serious consequences such as permanent monocular blindness.
Abdominal migraine is a disorder observed predominantly in children who complain of severe recurrent panic attacks. The mode of presentation of these episodes is similar to that of migraine, but the pain is related to the abdomen. In addition, headache is not among the symptoms of abdominal migraine.
According to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, this disorder is ‘periodic childhood syndromes, possible common precursors of the migraine’. Most of these children, in fact, are prepared to suffer from actual migraine attacks during their lifetime.
The disorder occurs without any apparent cause, with pains and cramps in the center of the abdomen that last for 1-72 hours. The pain is of medium or strong intensity and is associated with nausea, vomiting, anorexia and pallor. In many cases, these attacks are preceded by the so-called aura: the child is alerted to ears and visual disturbances. Between an attack and the other, the patient is asymptomatic. The diagnosis of abdominal migraine is confirmed by the exclusion of organic causes that may cause similar symptoms.
Cyclical vomiting syndrome and migraine
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition associated with migraine, affecting children more frequently between 3 months and 7 years. The disorder occurs without any apparent cause; it is not attributed to gastrointestinal diseases or other pathologies.
Cyclic vomiting falls between ‘periodic childhood syndromes, possible common precursors of migraine’. The syndrome is characterized by recurrent and prolonged attacks of vomiting and intense nausea, often associated with pallor, prostration, and lethargy. The patient manifests abundant salivation, increased thirst, and difficulty talking or swallowing.
These episodes are repeated at least 4 times per hour, for a period ranging from 1 hour to 5 days. Vomiting attacks include periods of well-being, in which patients have no obvious symptoms. The intensity of episodes may vary over time. The disorder can persist from several months to several decades.
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is an episodic condition that is self-healing. The severity of the attack can be attenuated by administering an anti-nausea medication and resting in a dark and quiet environment. Since the child can go to strong dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, sometimes hospitalization is needed.
Migraine headaches diagnosis
The first approach to formulating migraine diagnosis is based on the patient-related symptom analysis. The person is invited to describe the intensity and seat of the pain, the frequency of the attacks, and any disturbances experienced before or during painful crises.
The doctor may ask the patient if the headache:
- It is presented with a pain of moderate or severe intensity, which prevents normal daily activities;
- Affects one side of the head (unilateral location);
- It is aggravated by physical activity or movement;
- It is accompanied by nausea and / or vomiting and increased sensitivity to light (photophobia) and / or noise (phonophobia).
The collected information allows you to recognize the type of headache, the way it is manifested, and its recurrence (isolated, episodic or chronic). To help your doctor find out any triggering factors, it may be helpful to keep a ‘headache diary’ where you can record the details that characterize the migraine attacks: time references (date and time), pain description (type, location, intensity, duration and frequency), any medication taken, consumed foods, activities performed prior to its occurrence, etc. The compilation of this register can be useful both to monitor the progress of migraine attacks and to determine the effectiveness of any therapeutic approach undertaken.
In addition to anamnesis, it is essential to complete the assessment with the objective examination, which allows the physician to investigate the causes and factors triggering migraine.
The visit consists in controlling some physical and neurological parameters, such as:
- Arterial pressure and heart rate;
- Abnormalities in breathing, nausea, vomiting and fever;
- Examination of cervical muscles and temporomandibular joint;
- Motor, sensory, brain, cognitive and visual acuity.
In particular, neurological tests focus on the exclusion of other pathological conditions that may be the basis of migraine headaches. To this end, only if there is a suspicion of a secondary form, the physician may submit the patient to some diagnostic investigations such as computerized tomography (TAC), brain magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalogram (especially in pediatric age). Additional diagnostic tests include blood tests, cervical spine radiography, lumbar puncture, ecodoppler and complete ophthalmological examination.
The patient should undergo urgent medical examination if:
- Pain in the head is very intense and manifests suddenly (within one or two minutes);
- Migraine attacks occur with greater frequency;
- There is a severe headache with fever or other manifestations that usually do not accompany migraine.
In the differential diagnosis, the main conditions that may cause symptoms similar to a migraine attack are:
- Ictus and subarachnoid hemorrhage: they manifest themselves with a very fast onset headache;
- Cluster headache: typically unilateral pain manifests itself periodically but differs for shorter duration of attacks and for the appearance of characteristic symptoms such as pain around the orbits, nasal congestion and tearing;
- Tensile headache: generally, it is bilateral and less disabling of migraine;
- Acute glaucoma: it is associated with vision problems;
- Meningitis: manifests itself with fever;
- Temple arteitis: tends to manifest in subjects over the age of 50 and, unlike migraine, the value of VES (erythrocyte rate) is altered;
- Sinusitis: Some typical manifestations, such as fever and rhinorrhea, differentiate it from migraine.
About 4 out of 10 women experience migraine during their lifetime and most before the age of 35, precisely in the period when women seek and live a pregnancy. Women who suffer from migraine before their pregnancy may experience changes during gestation: migraine may occur more frequently, increase intensity or be accompanied by new symptoms you never had before becoming pregnant. For example, you may experience a migraine headache with aura, with visual disturbances and light flashes, or nausea and vomiting. These changes are probably triggered by high levels of estrogen present in pregnancy.
In other cases, estrogens mean that women who normally suffer from migraine during pregnancy are exempt. This is because during pregnancy the estrogens remain high and do not drop as it happens before the menstruation, when they decrease rapidly causing the attacks.
It can also happen that women who do not have migraine headaches may experience the first episodes of pregnancy. They usually start in the first trimester and then regress with the onset of pregnancy. Headaches may also be triggered by lack of sleep and stress, situations that may occur frequently during pregnancy.
There are some recent studies that have associated migraine in pregnancy to serious complications of the same. A study published in the journal Neurology has shown that women who had high blood pressure and severe headaches were 17 times more likely to have complications during pregnancy, such as preeclampsia.
Preeclampsia, which affects between 4 and 5% of pregnancies, can lead to premature birth and low birth weight babies. Another study presented during the American Academy of Neurology showed that women who suffer strong headaches are more likely to have complications of pregnancy, including preeclampsia, premature delivery, and children with low birth weight. The study also revealed that women who are 35 years old up seven times more likely to get into these complications.
Robbins, author of both studies and Associate Professor of Clinical Neurology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, explained that the increase in complications may have various causes. One of these is that migraine may be associated with other cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure or psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. It is not clear, however, that age over 35 can increase the likelihood of complications.
In general, the pharmacological treatment of migraine should be limited as much as possible during pregnancy or lactation. Before taking medication during pregnancy, it is essential to contact your physician who will assess whether to prescribe a low dose (such as paracetamol), anti-inflammatory or triptan drugs. This type of pharmacological treatment is useful if migraine occurs with a certain frequency and / or with particularly serious symptoms. The goal is to reduce the frequency and severity of migraine attacks. Medicines to prevent migraine should be taken regularly, often on a daily basis.
Several classes of drugs have been successfully adopted as preventative therapies; the main ones are:
- Drugs used to treat hypertension: beta-blockers (propranolol, metoprolol and timolol) and calcium antagonists (verapamil) act by modulating the tone of the blood vessels and regulating the mechanisms involved in the pain.
- Antidepressants (amitriptyline, nortriptyline, etc.): they act centrally, predominantly on serotonin receptors, involved in the onset of migraine.
- Antiepileptics (gabapentin, topiramate, valproic acid, etc.) seem to act on the threshold of pain and cerebral hyperexcitability.
- Another therapeutic option involves the use of type A botulinum toxin: the injections have been useful in chronic migraine (but not episodic) cases. These bites are performed at specific points of the head and neck muscles, with an effect lasting up to 3 months.
- In preventing or reducing the severity of migraine, some positive experimental evidence has also been found in the use of some herbal remedies, vitamins and minerals: magnesium, coenzyme Q10, riboflavin, vitamin B12, parthenia and butterfat (Petasites hybridus). However, the scientific data supporting their possible application are still limited.
Any type of drug is more effective if used in conjunction with other medical recommendations, such as diet and lifestyle changes, physical activity, and relaxation exercises.
There are in particular some behaviors that can help alleviate the pain of the migraine attack, without necessarily resorting to medications:
- Isolating from lights and sounds;
- Have a hot bath or a shower;
- Stretching or indulging in a little rest. Close your eyes and try to release tension in your back, neck and shoulders;
- Apply an ice pack on the painful area of the head (forehead, temples or back of the neck);
- Exercise a gentle, constant, and rotating pressure on the seat of the pain with the index finger and / or the thumb. Keep the pressure for 7-15 seconds, then release. Repeat if necessary.
You can almost always reduce your migraine problems by avoiding stress and living a calm and regular life with sufficient and regular sleep and regular meals. It’s also good to avoid what you know triggers migraine. Most importantly, it is to avoid stress. For some, it can help avoid certain foods. Regular exercise and relaxation exercises can also help. Women who get increased problems with migraines because of birth control pills should quit these or change their preparations. Combined birth control pills should not be used in migraines with aura. Women who often have a migraine with aura often smoke and use birth control pills have an increased risk of stroke and should therefore quit smoking and consider changing the method of prevention.
When you get an attack, it helps to lie down and rest in a quiet and dark place. If you fall asleep, the attack often goes over faster. Prescription-free drugs can relieve pain when it’s initially or if it’s mild. However, if you have a more severe migraine attack, you may need prescription drugs. Often, medicines may relieve the seizure if you take them early. If you take too much medicine, your headache may get worse. Therefore, it is very important that you have control over how much medicine you take, especially in severe and recurring migraine cases.
The best tactic is to combine the previous advice with natural remedies for migraine. It is virtually impossible to overdose on those or trigger major side effects. Learn from the passages below the most beneficial recipes to hold off migraine attacks with all natural methods.
Migraine remedied with natural cures
1. Devil’s Claw
Is especially useful in case of tendinitis, osteoarthritis and headache from cervical arthrosis or toothache. The harpagosides contained in the root are believed to be responsible for the analgesic and antipyretic effects of the plant. Devil’s Claw is used as an analgesic and antipyretic in the treatment of headache caused by cervical arthrosis or toothache. The anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of the harpagoside in the root makes it an active plant especially on the bones and joints, in situations that cause pain and inflammation as headache, cervical, tendon, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, sciatica, arthritis, arthrosis;
2. Both Salice and Spirea
Ulmaria are considered “plant salicylates”. They are successfully used in situations that cause muscle and joint inflammation and pain, generic cervical headaches, neuralgia, influenza, and fever. The plants used in the treatment of muscle-tense headache caused by nervousness, or in the presence of a general irritability picture, have anti-spasmodic and soothing action on the muscles;
3. Melissa and passionflower
Have sedative and ansiolytic properties, relaxing muscles and soothing the nervous system. The leaves are used in the treatment of muscle-tense headache when it is caused by nervous tension due to the presence of essential oil (0.5%) which acts as a relaxant on the muscles and soothing on anxiety states. Its use is particularly indicated, therefore, in the presence of general irritability, insomnia caused by excessive fatigue, premenstrual syndrome, and nervousness-induced tachycardia. Leaves and stem of passionflower contain alkaloids, flavonoids, phytosterols, phenolic acids, coumarines, etherosides, cyanogenic, traces of essential oil. Particularly flavonoids play on the central nervous system an sedative and anxiolytic action, making the plant an extremely effective remedy for fighting headaches caused by stress, anxiety and anxiety; In the forms of hysteresis, phobic, obsessive and post traumatic neurosis; In menopausal disorders such as nervousness, irritability, depression, tachycardia, dyspnea, hot flashes, and is preventative for heart attacks.
Is used in the treatment of migraine, due to the presence of flavonoids which are part of the spasmolytic action on smooth visceral muscle. The main substances contained in the leaves are flavonoids, sesquiterpenes, and polyphenols. Among these, the most important for the plant’s medical activity are lattonic sesquiterpenes (especially partenolide), useful for menstrual pain and migraine headaches. In the studies on the headache, hypotensive properties, and antispasmodic levels in the digestive tract were also highlighted for smooth muscle action. It would also result in a mild calming effect that would ease sleep if the plant is taken in the evening. Its anti-inflammatory action also has a good soothing effect on joint pain, including those resulting from rheumatoid arthritis.
5. Vitex (Vitex agnus castus)
Acts on the pituitary, exerting an anti-estrogenic and antispasmodic effect. This plant is generally used for all the symptoms associated with the premenstrual phase, associated with nervousness, irritability, mood swings, anxiety, and neurovegetative disorders of menopause. The fruits contain a small amount of essential oil, flavonoids (casticina, vitexin, isovitexin), alkaloids (viticin), glucosides and bitter principles, which give the plant the ability to act on the pituitary and exercise antiestrogenic and antispasmodic action. The herb is indicated to counteract migraine of hormonal origin in women, and all those symptoms associated with the premenstrual phase, associated with nervousness, irritability, mood swings, anxiety; And in the neurovegetative disorders of menopause. In addition, although the agnocasto may have side effects, it has a general sedative action useful in tachycardia, solar plexus pain, dizziness, intestinal spasms, insomnia, psychosomatic disorders located at the system level Female hormone.
Is a plant with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-rheumatic and antispasmodic properties due to the presence of phenolic glycosides (salicin, populin, salicylic alcohol); aldehydes, aromatic acids; flavonoids (isoquercetin) and tannins. Therefore it is very used in composition that relieve headaches. Its bark is mainly used for osteoarticular rheumatic syndromes, myalgia, neuralgia, migraine, flu syndrome and common cold.
7. Ulmium mantra
Is considered, alongside with willow, “a plant salicylate”: its flowers and flower buds perform anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic action because they inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins (PGE2) responsible for the pain and inflammatory process of the tissues. The herb contains salicylic derivatives known by acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin active ingredient, flavonoids, vitamin C, essential oils and mineral salts. It is therefore used to relieve painful conditions caused by headaches, back and cervix, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and joint pains. Like all natural anti-inflammatory drugs, unlike synthetic drugs, there is no gastrointestinal action (gastritis, ulcer), side effect of this category of drugs (NSAIDs). The presence of mucilage, in fact, gives the flux a protective action for the mucous membranes, which can reduce the spasm and the erosive processes of the gastric walls.
8. Betonica, marjoram, verbena and basil herbal tea against migraine
You will need betonica (Stachys officinalis) leaves and flowered summits 30 g., marjoram (Origanum majorana) flowering tops 30 g., basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves 20 g. and verbena (Verbena officinalis) flowering tops 20 g.
Add 30 grams of mixture in a liter of boiling water and leave to infuse (3% infusion). Consume the herbal tea three times a day. The infusion is a liquid preparation obtained by pouring boiling water onto the vegetable source from which you want to extract the water-soluble component. Among the extraction techniques, the infusion is undoubtedly the most practical and common one, thanks to the great availability of water and the simplicity of preparation.
Essential oils for migraine
9. Essential Mint Oil
Gently rub this oil on the temples and forehead, it is useful for all natural headache treatments. Its calming action also occurs on the central nervous system, so it is recommended in all the psychosomatic disorders that cause: malignant headaches due to its digestive, stomachic, carminative and cologne and migraine that appears due to environmental factors such as the change of atmospheric pressure. This essence is very effective against nausea and can stop vomiting in a short time. It is therefore used to relieve cervical tension and fatigue, as it counteracts psychoemic stress and fatigue.
10. Essential lavender oil
This oil has a relaxing effect when inhaled; it exerts a balancing action on the central nervous system, being both tonic and sedative, calms anxiety, agitation, nervousness; relieves headaches and disorders caused by stress. The oil helps to sleep in the event of insomnia.
To relieve pain, take devil’s claw (Harpagophytum procumbens) in the form of mother tincture, 30 drops twice a day or 50 drops in a single dose, at the need.
If migraine headaches are caused by hormonal imbalance before the start of menstrual flow, it may be beneficial to administer Tanacetum parthenium fluid extract (the herb improve encephalic circulation) at a dose of 20 drops twice a day, between the meals, preferably in the morning and in the evening, about 2 hours after the evening meal.
11. Black currant
If migraine is a symptom of allergy, black currant is your go-to solution. Blackcurrant is one of those plants that are used in various parts (drugs) and therefore have different therapeutic activities. Its most common use is the one in the form of gemodifed or macerated glycerol (MG). This is a liquid herbal preparation made from fresh plant tissue such as buds, buds, roots, lymph, seeds (in the case of blackcurrants, berries), in a mixture of water, alcohol and glycerin.
The buds of black currant are rich in essential oil, flavonoids and glycosides, in this preparation, act as adrenal gland stimulants in the production of cortisol, an endogenous cortisone that helps the body react to inflammation. This cortison-like activity generates a very important reaction because it increases the production of adrenal steroids normally secreted by our glands to counteract any kind of stress or injury, stimulate protein conversion to energy, eliminate inflammation and temporarily inhibit action of the immune system that triggers allergies. The black currant bud sap is therefore used for its powerful natural antihistaminic anti-inflammatory properties which acts both on the skin’s and respiratory tract levels and is therefore indicated in case of asthma, allergic and chronic rhinitis, bronchitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, dermatitis and conjunctivitis. It also has an immunostimulant action, combats fatigue and increases resistance to cold in order to prevent flu illness.
Leaves, whose main components are triterpenes and a complex of polyphenols, have purified and diuretic properties, are used in phytotherapy in the form of infusions and mothers to promote the elimination of urea and uric acid, reduce levels of cholesterol in the blood, stabilize cell membranes and drain the body.
Fruits, rich in citric acid, malic acid, vitamin C, trace elements, polyunsaturated acids, flavonoids and anthocyanins, are also useful for their astringent action, capillotropic vasoprotektor, retinal protector and refreshing. They are thus indicated, in the form of juice or infusions, for capillary and couperose fragility associated with migraines.
The macerated glycerin of buds: 40-50 drops in mid-morning and 40-50 drops in mid-afternoon when adrenal glands are in their most active phase and it is advisable to start taking it in December to prevent seasonal spring allergies that can cause migraines.
Mother tincture of leaves: 30 drops twice a day between the meals.
Berry juice: a spoonful of water in the morning in a fasted state, for the capillary fragility.
Black currant can have several side effects, such as increased pressure, and is therefore contraindicated for those suffering from hypertension. Also, it is advisable to always consult a physician before taking it because it may interact with other drugs, such as anticoagulants and psycho-drugs, and cause allergic reactions in susceptible individuals. In the event of pregnancy and lactation, use is not recommended.
Herb-based infusions for migraine
12. Cinnamon and orange
This herb is useful for giving balance, calmness, and stability. The combination of these ingredients creates a combination of very pleasant flavors to give women a pleasant moment of tranquility and serenity that relieves stress, relieves headache symptoms and prevents migraines.
You will need: ginger (dried root) 20 g, cinnamon 5 g, cloves 5 g, orange peel 15 g, dandelion 10 g, chamomile 10 g, fennel 15 g, licorice 10 g, angelica (dry root) 10 g,
Preparation: Boil a pot of water. When the water bubbles, add 1 tablespoon full of herbal mix and let boil for 3 to 4 minutes. Turn off the heat and let it infuse for another 10 minutes; Pour the infusion into a cup (filtering herbs) and drink.
13. Relaxing herbal tea with camomile, mint and melissa
This infusion is dedicated to those who struggle to sleep, have a restless sleep or wake up often at night. A good rest prevents migraine and relieves its symptoms. Make this herbal tea your daily relaxation time before bed. If you are having trouble sleeping in the evening or you are agitated and you wake up often, then this herbal tea is ideal for you. This herbal tea is also indicated to reduce stress during the day. Drink 1 cup of this herbal tea in the evening before bedtime to reconcile sleep. By day you can have a cup as relaxing in moments of stress or nervousness.
You will need: Chamomile flowers 35 g, melissa 35 g, mint leaves 20 g, fresh chamomile flowers (optional) 10 g,
Preparation: Boil a pot of water. When the water bubbles turn off the heat and add 1 teaspoon of the herbal mix. Leave infused for 15 minutes. Pour the infusion into a cup (filtering the herbs) and drink it while it is still hot.
14. Relaxing herbal infusion with chamomile and orange peel
This herbal tea is particularly useful in case of insomnia and difficulty falling asleep. The components of the herbal tea, in fact, have sedative effects and act on the nervous system. It is particularly suitable for physical tiredness that can trigger migraine. If you are struggling to fall asleep, we recommend that you drink 1 cup of this tasty herbal tea in the evening to promote a better night’s sleep.
You will need: Chamomile flowers 30 g, orange flowers 10 g, hawthorn 20 g, lime 20 g, melissa 20 g,
Preparation: Boil a pot of water. When the water bubbles turn off the heat and add 1 spoon full of herbal mix. Leave in infusion for 10 minutes; Pour the infusion into a cup (filtering the herbs) and drink while it is still hot.
When professional medical help is best for your migraine
Migraine attacks are almost always harmless. Only in very rare cases, blood supply to the brain can decrease so strongly during the aura phase that some of the brain tissue may become damaged. It is called a migraine-free brain attack, a variant of stroke, and is characterized by aura symptoms that lasts for several days. If you get auric symptoms up to a day or migraine symptoms for several days, contact your healthcare professional for further investigation. The risk of this type of migraine increases if you smoke and use contraceptives at the same time.
If you get a headache for migraine for the first time, contact emergency care for examination. The same applies if you have a migraine attack for several days or suddenly get an intense headache that you do not recognize. If you have a migraine and need to take medicines often, or if your medication does not help, contact a healthcare provider.
In order for you to be active in your care and making decisions, it is important that you understand the information you receive from healthcare professionals. Ask questions if you do not understand. There is a lot you can do yourself to prevent migraines or relieve an attack. There are also several types of drugs against migraines. Two drugs that help you have a seizure and preventive drugs that reduce the risk of seizures. Care staff will tell you what treatment options are available. They will make sure you understand what the different options mean, what side effects are and where you can get treatment. This way you can help decide which treatment suits you. You may benefit from bringing a migrant diary where you write down the medicines you take and when you take them. The migrant diary is also a valuable asset when talking to your healthcare provider. It is important to take it with you for a doctor’s visit.