Fibromyalgia involves prolonged pain or aching muscles in several parts of the body. In fibromyalgia you also have an increased pain sensitivity. There are treatments that can alleviate the inconveniences so that you can live a good life despite the disease.
Fibromyalgia is characterized by the following symptoms: you have a pain in the body for a long period of time; you have lowered pain thresholds and may therefore get hurt of things that do not hurt healthy people; you have stiff muscles and numbness. It is also common with other symptoms such as stomach discomfort.
In order for you to diagnose fibromyalgia, the pain should be in both the upper and lower parts of the body and both on the left and right side. Often it can make more pain in some parts of the body than others. The most common thing is to have pain in the neck, shoulders and in the lower back. Some also hurt the joints.
Many who have fibromyalgia have pain in their muscles all the time, but in some cases the pain can come and go. The pain also spread easily to several places in the body and becomes more or less persistent. The hurts can vary from day to day. Where in the body it hurts can also vary. In order to diagnose fibromyalgia you should have had an injury for at least three months.
People with fibromyalgia have an increased pain sensitivity. This means that you get hurt of things that usually do not hurt your healthy people. It also means that even mild pressure or muscle contraction that does not usually hurt is painful. What separates fibromyalgia from other diseases or conditions with muscle pain is that the increased pain sensitivity in fibromyalgia is more clear.
When a muscle hurts it is difficult to move it unobstructed. Many who have fibromyalgia have difficulty lifting and carrying heavy, and running or walking in stairs. You can also feel stiff in the muscles, especially in the morning. It is also common to have numbness and tingling in the muscles.
This is an inconvenience that many may have, but they are more common in people with fibromyalgia. Contact a healthcare provider if you have a pain in the body that does not pass over a couple of weeks or if the pain causes trouble in everyday life.
Causes of fibromyalgia
There may be several reasons for a person getting fibromyalgia. For example, it may be that you have pain in some delimited part of your body for several years before developing fibromyalgia. It may also be that stress, bad sleep and single movements can contribute. For example, a work where you always touch you in the same way can cause muscles to cause long lasting pain. Different people have different risks of getting fibromyalgia, and the disease may be hereditary.
It is not certain that fibromyalgia can be prevented, but probably there are some things you can do to reduce the risk of getting the disease. If you have any pain in your body, you should seek early help, as long-term pain may increase the risk of developing fibromyalgia.
In the pain during work, it is important that you look at your workmanship and ergonomics. Try to keep your work at a reasonable level to give you time and energy for exercise and rest. If you feel stressed or have too much to do and get hard to sleep, you should take this seriously and seek help at an early stage.
In the case of fibromyalgia, the pain signals are amplified. This means that things that do not usually hurt are painful if you have fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is not a warning signal and should therefore not be interpreted as a sign of damage to something in the body.
The nerves send signals to the brain. The pain system is part of the body’s nervous system. When the painful nerves of the muscles are erased, signals are sent to the nerve cells of the spinal cord. There, the pain signals can go unchanged or diminished and become weaker, or reinforced and become stronger. From the spinal cord, the pain signals go on to the brain. It’s only when the signal reaches the brain bark as you consciously experience the pain. Then you feel how strong the pain is, how uncomfortable it feels and where it is. Signals are also sent to those parts of the brain that control the emotional reactions to pain.
The body’s systems interact. Fibromyalgia can cause many symptoms and it can be difficult to know what caused the disease from the beginning. One explanation for this is that the brain’s pain system has connections with the systems that regulate immune system, sleep, mood and how we respond to stress.
The connections between the pain system and the other systems go in both directions. This means, for example, that stress can exacerbate pain and pain can lead to stress. The same applies to the relationship between sleep and pain. It is very common for people who have had a long time to have sleep problems and to have sleep problems. It is often difficult to determine whether sleep problems or pain problems come first.
There are no samples or X-ray examinations that can show if you have had fibromyalgia. Instead, the doctor will diagnose based on what you can tell and what the doctor can find at the examination. The study is about determining whether it is fibromyalgia you have, or any other disease that may explain that you are in pain.
Therefore, it is important to tell you about your inconvenience. Often you can also fill in an interview form on bodily and mental disorders. It is also common for you to make a so-called painteak, where you on an image mark where your body hurts. The physician does a body examination and tests the pain sensitivity by touching different parts of your body.
Some rheumatic diseases may have symptoms resembling fibromyalgia. There are also other diseases that can cause muscle aches. To exclude other diseases, the doctor does a thorough body examination. Sometimes you may also need to take blood tests or do a x-ray to exclude other diseases.
Living with prolonged pain increases the risk of both mental and physical illnesses. Constipation, for example, can lead to anxiety and depression. Because it hurts when you move, it’s also easy to get physically passive and gain weight.
Sleep is also adversely affected, and fatigue causes some social intercourse. This may further increase mental stress and passivity. In this way it is easy to get caught in a negative spiral that reduces both health and well-being. It is important that you are aware of this and that while you are in pain, you try to live as healthy as possible and provide space in your life for things that bring joy and energy.
Pregnancy and fibromyalgia
Because you should avoid medication when you are pregnant, it may be useful to discuss other forms of pain relief with a doctor. It is also important that you stay physically active so that you are as strong as possible at the end of pregnancy and when the child has arrived. There is no barrier to vaginal delivery due to fibromyalgia.
Conditions that can trigger fibromyalgia:
- Infections (e.g. parvovirus, EBV, Lyme disease, Q fever, upper respiratory tract infections)
- Physical trauma (car accidents)
- Psychological / discomfort stress, catastrophic events
- Hormonal changes (e.g., hypothyroidism)
Stress response is mainly due to the release of corticotropin (CRH) of the hypothalamic nervous system and the activation of the sympathetic nervous system. Recent research suggests that although in humans this system is highly adaptable, stress response in many subjects may be inappropriate for a wide range of daily situations, which do not constitute a real threat to survival. Genetic differences also play a role in expressing the biological response to stress, as well as in systems that process painful sensory information. These theoretical ties between the system of nervous stress and the expression of symptoms have been supported by studies that have shown alterations of the stressor’s axis and the sympathetic nervous system in fibromyalgia. In fibromyalgia patients, in fact, there is often a hyperactivity of both the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the sympathetic nervous system. Recent work suggests that these anomalies, rather than being directly responsible for the symptoms, may predispose individuals to develop fibromyalgia. Once fibromyalgia has been established, the most commonly detected abnormalities relate to pain sensory processing systems.
Two decades of experimental studies in fibromyalgia have shown that:
The patient with fibromyalgia can detect electrical, pressure or thermal stimuli at normal levels, but the level of intensity to which these stimuli cause pain or discomfort is lower than the general population (hyperalgesia). Such results are not influenced by psychological conditioning factors.
Chronic headache, sore throat, chest pain, abdominal pain and pelvic pain are very common in subjects with fibromyalgia. Because pain is a distinctive feature of fibromyalgia, it is useful to focus on the characteristics of pain. The pain of fibromyalgia is typically diffused or multifocal, often growing and decreasing rapidly, and is often migrant.
These ‘central pain’ characteristics are very different from ‘peripheral’ pain, where both the position and severity of the pain are generally more constant. Patients may complain of discomfort when they are touched or when they wear tight clothes, and there may be dysesthesia or paresthesias accompanying the pain.
Apart from the pain, a number of related symptoms can develop and persist. These include fatigue, difficulty sleeping, weakness, attention or memory problems, unexplained weight fluctuations, cold and heat intolerance. Allergies are most commonly reported in fibromyalgia patients compared to the general population, although these symptoms often do not correlate with a true IgE-mediated hypersensitivity.
These patients are also more likely to complain of rhinitis, sinusitis, and nasal congestion, which may once again be mainly attributable to neural mechanisms. Hearing, vision and vestibular distortions are often reported, as well as dry mucous membranes. ‘Functional disorders’ involving visceral organs are common in fibromyalgia. These include chest pain, heartburn, palpitations, and irritable bowel syndrome.
Syncope and hypotension are symptoms that may occur in the FM, and in some cases they will be accompanied by neuromediated hypotension or postural orthostatic tachycardia. Urinary disturbances are common, including not only pain but also alterations in the frequency of exercise and urgency. In females, comorbidities are frequent with dysmenorrhoea, cystitis of endometriosis and vulvar and vulvodynia disorders, while in males these same symptoms are sometimes diagnosed as non-bacterial prostatitis.
Conditions that simulate fibromyalgia and may confuse the diagnosis:
- Rheumatic polymyalgia
- Initial autoimmune diseases, e.g. rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus
- Sjogren Syndrome
- Hepatitis C
- Sleep apnea
- Illness of Chiari
Advances in understanding fibromyalgia have led to more therapeutic options for patients with this condition.
Fibromyalgia in Men
Although for many doctors fibromyalgia is uniquely associated with women showing high levels of stress or psychological discomfort, many scientific evidence shows that psychological and psychiatric comorbidity is associated with fibromyalgia only in some patients and is not a salient feature of the pathologic picture, though psychologically stressful events may act as triggers for the development of the disease.
Research has shown a strong family component for FM development. First-degree relatives of subjects with fibromyalgia present an eight-fold greater risk of developing this syndrome than the general population.
Recent studies have begun to identify specific genetic polymorphisms that are associated with a higher risk of developing fibromyalgia. All these polymorphisms involve metabolism or transport of monoamine (serotonin, dopamine, noradrenaline), substances that play a key role in stress response.
Most clinical studies on fibromyalgia have involved antidepressants. The oldest class of antidepressant agents, tricyclics (TCAs), showed good efficacy; however recent studies have focused on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and noradrenaline.
Strong evidence of efficacy: tricyclic (amitriptyline, cyclobenzaprine), double serotonin reuptake (SNRI / NSRI – venlafaxine, duloxetine, milnacipran)
Modest efficacy evidence: tramadol, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), pregabalin, dopamine agonists
Low efficacy evidence: growth hormone, 5-hydroxytryptamine, tropisetron, S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe)
Not proven efficacy: opioids, NSAIDs, corticosteroids, benzodiazepines and non-benzodiazepines, melatonin, guaifenesin, dehydroepiandrosterone.
The most studied pharmacological therapy for fibromyalgia is the use of low doses of tricyclic compounds. Most TCAs increase the concentration of serotonin and / or norepinephrine (noradrenaline). The efficacy of TCAs, in particular amitriptyline, in the treatment of symptoms such as pain, insomnia and fatigue associated with fibromyalgia, is supported by several randomized and controlled trials. Tolerability is a problem, but it can be improved by carefully administering the dosage (starting with for example 10 mg amitriptyline), giving the dose a few hours before bedtime, and progressively increasing it very slowly.
Due to a better profile of side effects, new antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are frequently used in fibromyalgia. SSRIs such as fluoxetine, citalopram and paroxetine were evaluated in randomized, placebo-controlled studies. So-called SNRIs, i.e. serotonin and noradrenaline recombinant inhibitors, were very effective.
This selectivity results in fewer side effects and greater tolerability. SNRIs such as venlafaxine, milnacipran and duloxetine have been subjected to recent multicenter trials and have been shown to be effective in a series of studies. Antiepileptic drugs are widely used in the treatment of various conditions of chronic pain, including post-traumatic neuralgia and painful diabetic neuropathy (Pregabalin has shown efficacy against pain, sleep disturbances and fatigue compared to placebo). Sedative-hypnotics have not shown significant effects on pain in fibromyalgia.
According to a recent study, pramipexole, a dopamine agonist indicated for Parkinson’s disease and which has shown utility in the treatment of restless leg disorders, can improve both pain and sleep in patients with fibromyalgia. A recent study reported that Tizanidine significantly improved several parameters in fibromyalgia, including sleep, pain, and quality of life measurements. Of particular interest was the demonstration that treatment with tizanidine resulted in a reduction in the levels of substance P in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with fibromyalgia.
There have been no controlled randomized controlled trials on the use of opiates in fibromyalgia. A large number of patients with Fibromyalgia use FANS and paracetamol although numerous studies have failed to confirm their efficacy as analgesics in fibromyalgia. Non-pharmacological therapies are cognitive-behavioral therapy and exercise. Both have been shown to be effective in treating fibromyalgia.
Life with fibromyalgia
Some will be good already in the early years, but most people are in pain for many years. How difficult symptoms are can vary widely from one person to another, and to the same person at different times. Having an affect affects your entire life
It’s good if you try to see more about what you actually can and can, than what feels difficult and impossible. It’s important that you do not let the pain take over life without continuing with what you have previously liked to do and felt good. Although you may occasionally get more pain when you move, that pain is not dangerous or a sign that you are worse. You who have fibromyalgia often cannot stretch yourself in the same way as the one who has no pain. Perhaps you must refrain from the leisure activities that are most physically demanding, but that does not mean that you should preferably be in silence. At work you may need help from the occupational health services to find the right technology and the right equipment at work. Here, small changes can often make a big difference.
Many people with fibromyalgia have problems with sleep because they are constantly in pain. The pain can cause you to wake up at night, often several times, and therefore do not feel rested in the morning. It is mainly the deep sleep that is affected and it makes many people who have fibromyalgia feel tired. Poor sleep, stress and pain can together make you harder to concentrate and to remember things.
Prolonged pain can make you depressed. Fibromyalgia is not a mental illness, but prolonged pain can cause you to feel depressed and worried. Being hurt also often leads to prolonged stress. How you feel is important for experiencing the different symptoms. This applies not only to fibromyalgia but to all long-term pain conditions. Anxiety, stress and depression can enhance symptoms like pain, fatigue and poor sleep.
As a relative, it may be hard to see someone who is constantly in pain. It is important that the person with fibromyalgia is physically active. That’s why it’s good if you’re a relative does not help too much, but lets those who have fibromyalgia continue to be active in the family and in working life.
At the same time, people with fibromyalgia do not suffer from the most physical challenges. This can be a difficult balance. As a relative, it may also seem difficult to balance between being listening and compassionate, while at the same time wanting to be able to think of those who are hurting other things than their inconveniences. It may be wise to talk through these things together. For example, you can turn to family counseling for conversations if you feel it is necessary.
The increased pain sensitivity experienced by people with fibromyalgia can make sexual life difficult. As a partner, for example, you may be afraid of causing pain. It is important that you can talk to each other about what feels good and what feels less good. Often, sexual intercourse that does not imply a strong pressure on the body functions better.
Improve your life quality with fibromyalgia
Be physically active
It’s very important to touch you in a way that feels good and that you can manage. Even if you occasionally get more pain, exercise will counter pain in the long run. Many also feel calmer and sleep better with physical activity. Some who have been in pain for a long time may be afraid to move and therefore become more sedentary. This causes the muscles to become weaker and the condition deteriorates. If you are strenuous in a way that you are not used to, you can easily get exercise pain. Such an exercise pain is not a sign that something is wrong.
Find a training form that suits you
Activities that often fit well are walking, water jumping and swimming. You can try out an activity that you like. Strength training has also proven to be good at fibromyalgia, but it must be tailored to what you can do.
Increase your exercise gradually
If you want to train more, it may be good to take it step by step. It’s better to walk a short walk of ten minutes than you do not touch at all. Eventually you can increase to go a little longer and maybe at a slightly faster pace.
Heat can relieve
Heat is experienced by many as temporary pain relievers. You can buy a heat pad at the pharmacy or take a hot shower or a bath to get less pain, become less tired or to relax.
You need a good sleep
It is important to sleep well. Sleep can be disturbed if you have an injury, while poor sleep causes more pain. Try to avoid resting or sleeping in daytime as it interferes with night sleep. Some may need medication sometimes to sleep well enough. Talk to a doctor and tell you that you have fibromyalgia so you get the medicine that suits you best.
Maintain a healthy lifestyle
There is no specific diet to be observed in the case of fibromyalgia, as there are no dietary supplements that are recommended for all patients; It does not take away that, in order to combat pain and fatigue, food plays an important role. Many fibromyalgic patients reported an improvement in symptoms during low-fat diets.
The food councils can thus be summarized as follows:
- Reduce sugar, especially if refined;
- Limit the consumption of red meat and prefer other sources of animal protein (fish, poultry, eggs and dairy).
- Eat a lot of fresh fruit and vegetables in season, for the intake of mineral salts and vitamins.
- When patients exhibit irritable bowel syndrome (in association with fibromyalgia), the diet should be adjusted accordingly, so as not to aggravate symptoms.
- Reduce salt use and drink plenty of water.
- Limit the use of coffee and tea. Avoid spirits.
Natural remedies for fibromyalgia
It is understandable that if the causes are unknown the care is equally dubious. The priority is to counteract the widespread pain of soft tissues and the drugs being given are analgesics, but not all are effective. Many anti-inflammatories do not produce remissive responses to fibromyalgia, even cortisers have not shown any particular results and are, however, unaware of side effects from prolonged use. Anti-depressants are often proposed by the muscle relaxants and hypno-inducing effects to allow lightening pain relief and restful sleep. The side effects unfortunately reverberate in the diurnal phase, with drowsiness, increased appetite, constipation.
Nature can also contribute to the search for well-being for fibromyalgia. An interesting remedy that acts on the central nervous system is griffon, natural antidepressant, precursor to serotonin. We can recommend it in the formulation of 5-HTP, 5-hydroxytryptophan. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that regulates mood states, intervenes in the definition of sleep quality, as it affects melatonin production and decreases appetite.
Stretching and aerobic exercises are a valuable aid to increase muscle elasticity, stretching and stretching the sore parts, training the cardiovascular system, and increasing resistance to physical effort. Surely those who are suffering from fibromyalgia will not find this a great idea and will be reluctant, but devote too little time to these practices but constantly every day, long will give interesting results and will prevent physiological worsening.
Magnesium is a key element for psycho-physical well-being: it is a myelosilicate, regulates the nervous system, relieves fatigue, facilitates sleep, is a relief from chronic pain.
Boswellia is a resin rich in anti-inflammatory active principles. It is devoid of side effects and can be taken for long periods of time. On the market we can find it in synergy with turmeric that boasts anti-inflammatory, analgesic properties, thanks to curcumin. Treatment of fibromyalgia involves physical treatments, such as physical exercise and relaxation exercises, prescription and OTC drugs, psychological treatment, multimodal pain management, as several methods are used simultaneously.
Physical activity as treatment. You can get a recipe for physical activity guidelines printed from healthcare. For example, doctors, nurses and physiotherapists, also called physiotherapists, print them out and provide suggestions for activities that are appropriate. Training led by a physiotherapist is the treatment for which there is the best scientific support for fibromyalgia. The physiotherapist can help you try out a good workout program that you then train on your own.
Treatment with relaxation, TENS and massage. You can get help from a physiotherapist or psychologist to train a relaxation technique or to train mindfulness. It can relieve the pain and make it easier to fall asleep. TENS, transcutaneous nerve stimulation, is a pain relief method that can also help. Many people think that massage can relieve the pain, at least for the moment. Massage can also be a way to reach relaxation. For most people with fibromyalgia, acupuncture has no good effect, even if there are exceptions.
Psychological treatment. How you think about your inconvenience is very important for managing your situation. The best part is if you can get help with both exercise training, medication that provides good relief and pain management.
The psychological method known as KBT, cognitive behavioral therapy, has proven to be helpful. With the help of a psychologist or other behavioral scientist, you can learn more about how to live a good life, even though you have fibromyalgia.
During treatment, you will be able to work with your thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors when you are in pain. You can help set reasonable demands on your body, dare to touch yourself without fear and to reduce the negative thoughts. Often the processing of a series of conversations consists of practical tasks that you can perform between the meetings.
Multimodal pain management. If you have had your back, neck or shoulders for more than three months, you may be entitled to multimodal pain treatment. Then different methods are used simultaneously to alleviate the inconvenience. A doctor assesses whether the treatment is appropriate.
Multimodal pain management is tailored to your inconvenience. The treatment will last for a couple of months and you will often meet both a physiotherapist, occupational therapist, doctor and curator or psychologist during that time. These include lectures on how to deal with pain and stress, and individual conversations about your situation. You can also try different forms of exercise and can have exercises to do at home and if necessary you can get drugs printed. The purpose of treatment is primarily to increase your chances of living as normal a life as possible both in your free time and in your work life.
- Strong evidence of effectiveness: cardiovascular training, cognitive-behavioral therapy.
- Modest efficacy tests: acupuncture, hypnosis, biofeedback, balneotherapy
- Weak evidence of effectiveness: chiropractic, manual massage, electrotherapy, ultrasound.
Natural cures for fibromyalgia
Below there is a list of medicinal plants that are effective in the treatment of fibromyalgia.
1. Grape seed extract (vitis vinifera)
Grape seeds extract a strong anti-inflammatory and pain medication called proanticianidine; Used to treat fibromyalgia is useful as it inhibits inflammation and pain. If they take from 50 to 300 mg per day, it is advisable to start treatment with dosage decreasing.
2. Devil’s Claw (harpagophytum procumbens)
It is a plant with strong anti-inflammatory properties and also stimulates digestion by promoting a general well-being of the body; they can take up to 800 mg per day but it is not suitable for pregnant women and people with gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer.
3. White willow bark (salix alba)
This bark is a powerful painkiller and thanks to its salicyclic content is a good anti-inflammatory. They take up to 6 capsules of 400 mg per day, or up to 3 cups of tea (1 tablespoon of bark powder in a cup of heated water for 15 minutes) per day.
4. Ginkgo (ginkgo biloba)
It is the most famous medicinal herb with antioxidant properties; oxygenates the muscles under stress and inhibits the inflammatory state. They can take up to 180 mg per day.
5. Cayenne (capsicum)
It acts as a strong anti-inflammatory agent. It is distributed as a cream on the sore parts and releases a powerful heat feeling that relieves muscle pain. Its active ingredient is capsaicin. Do not let it come in contact with your eyes or nose.
6. St. John’s Wort (hypericum perforatum)
It is a medicinal herb that is very useful in treating the disorders of insomnia following fibromyalgia. Taking up to 900 mg per day is found beneficial.
- Drink plenty of water and fruit juices and vegetables (containing antioxidants)
- Eat a lot of green leafy vegetables
- Eat little and often
- Consume foods rich in fiber or supplements
- Avoid fatty foods, red meats, foods with acidity such as tomatoes, eggplant peppers
- Eliminate caffeine, alcohol and sweet foods.
The nutritional advice useful to patients with FM can be summarized as follows:
- Reduce sugar as much as possible, especially if white and refined, so also sweets, snacks, industrial jams; Use unrefined cane sugar preferably
- A vegetarian diet (with proper plant protein intake) or with very little red meat is more conducive, given the poor drainage capacity of the toxins from the fibromyalgia tissue. Sources of animal protein to be preferred: fish, poultry, rabbit, eggs, dairy products and cheeses if you do not have lactose or high cholesterol intolerances.
- Eat a lot of seasonal fruit and vegetables, better than organic farming, antioxidant vitamins and minerals.
- Excellent use of wholegrain cereals (whole pasta, rice, spelled, etc.); In the presence of gastrointestinal disorders, these will be introduced into the diet gradually, at the beginning with even longer cooking times. Better to season them with olive oil (for the presence of unsaturated vitamins and fatty acids) and you can indulge in the use of all herbs. To limit the use of solanacea (tomatoes, aubergines, potatoes, peppers) because they easily trigger food-intolerance reactions with muscle manifestations.
- Reduce salt intake to avoid stagnation and edema, frequent in the PM; For the same reason, drink a lot: no sugary drinks (Coca Cola, orange juice etc.) or juices, but preferably water, infusions, herbs. Limit the use of coffee and tea, prefer green tea and barley or malt. It has no contraindications for a glass of wine at meals, better if red (it has antioxidant properties); avoid the spirits. To overcome the lack of coffee you can use other substances that give more tone without excitating the nervous system: vitamin complexes, natural jelly, spirulina algae (the latter provided that the liver is in good condition and not long time). Ginseng is also indicated: it is an effective tonic, but in the PM hours it can increase muscle contractility and pain level, and possibly difficulty in resting the night.
- In the treatment of fibromyalgia, it is also possible to use other types of chemicals that, thanks to their active ingredients, can cure their symptoms. NADH, an enzyme that monitors pain and muscle spasms, malic acid and magnesium help biochemically muscles in the use of glucose, 5HTP increases serotonin values by helping to reduce insomnia, coenzyme Q10 is an enzyme that improves muscle oxygenation.
Ultimately, we can say that fibromyalgia is not a disease that can cause death but it is good not to underestimate it and treat it in the best way as it definitely changes the lifestyle of those who are affected.
Given the state of health of a person with fibromyalgia, it is advisable to consult your referral professional before taking any “extra” treatment.
Several studies show that a regular yoga practice can help alleviate the symptoms of fibromyalgia. For example, researchers at Oregon Health & Science University reported that Yoga exercises reduce Fibromyalgia pain. A 2011 study found that fibromyalgia patients who followed a 75-minute yoga lesson twice a week for eight weeks felt less pain. They also had lower levels of cortisol, the stress hormone, in the bloodstream.
Can meditation change the way the brain processes pain signals? According to Australian rheumatologist Daniel Lewis this is really possible. According to the expert, meditation could also alter the functioning of the brain and improve the symptoms of fibromyalgia. A review of studies conducted in 2012 reported that meditation provided relief to pain in patients. Researchers believe that meditation helps calm the mind and contributes to rest and relaxation of the body, which in this way has the ability to self-healing.
Acupuncture is an ancient type of pain treatment that originated in China. A study conducted in 2006 focused on acupuncture compared to fibromyalgia patients. Those who had undergone acupuncture treatments experienced an improvement from the point of view of tiredness and anxiety. A meta-analysis conducted in 2013 has led to similar results.
10. Tai Chi
The Tai Chi is an ancient Chinese practice involving the body with slow and delicate movements. He showed some potential in helping those who suffer from fibromyalgia. In a 2010 study, participants attended Tai Chi lessons for 60 minutes twice a week or followed a stretching or wellness education lesson. Those who practiced Tai Chi experienced the greatest improvements in pain, sleep quality, depression, and quality of life in general.
11. Bach flowers for fibromyalgia
Bach flowers therapy is sometimes used with standard formulas for some issues, and even for fibromyalgia some Bach flowers blend is reported. As far as I’m concerned in this case, rather than in others – as the changeable and different symptoms for every person – it is important to choose flowers based on an in-depth interview that leads to the emergence (even and above all to make things self-understood to the treated person) of the main instances that the body and the unconscious want to report and lead to.
A flower that is always beneficial is the Himalayan Ecstasy, acting on the fourth chakra, helping to find the unconditional space and love for themselves, who often miss these, and take care by paying attention and time for themselves: Bach flowers are often recommended are Gorse, Pine, Elm, Rock Water, Olives, Impatiens and Larch.
Among the benefits of this spice are well-proven analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, mainly due to curcumin, its most important active ingredient. Turmeric works to mitigate pain of different nature, including those of fibromyalgia, inhibiting COX-2 (cyclooxygenase 2), an enzyme that promotes inflammation. The use of turmeric in the kitchen, desirably desirable in prevention, is not enough to achieve appreciable results when the disease is already underway. It is therefore preferable to use curcuma food supplements, choosing products where curcumin is more bioavailable and with reference to the doses and indications indicated in the article on turmeric properties.
13. Omega 3
Omega 3 fatty acids are natural modulators of inflammation. The administration of EPA and DHA has had positive results in the treatment of fibromyalgia and in other situations where pain is caused by an anomaly in the mechanism of transmission of nerve signals, with an enhanced perception of cerebral pain stimulus (neuropathic pain ).
Omega 3 are safe natural remedies. However, prolonged treatment with the important doses indicated by the studies requires caution if you are being treated with hypoglycemic or fluidizing blood because of possible interactions. The essential fatty acids of omega 3 are found in good concentrations even in some foods, such as sea fish. To provide two to three portions a week of sardines, mackerel, salmon, herring is advisable for everyone and it becomes more appropriate for fibromyalgia.
Low levels of magnesium are linked to fibromyalgic crisis and an integration of this mineral can produce cascading benefits on various manifestations of the disease. Magnesium acts as a muscle relaxant and regulator of the nervous system: its supplementation helps to attenuate asthenia, improves muscle contractility and can relieve pain due to or aggravated by tension. The magnesium dosage is expected to be around 250 milligrams daily, better if taken with organic forms in which magnesium is more bioavailable.
Griffon improves fibromyalgia numerous disturbances. The contribution of griffon (Griffonia simplicifolia) to the treatment of fibromyalgia is due to the presence of an active ingredient called 5HTP, an amino acid that increases the circulating levels of serotonin, among the major neurotransmitters involved in mood harmonization.
In people with this disorder, serotonin concentrations tend to be lower than the desirable values and are among the factors that aggravate depression, sleep disturbances and other neurovegetative imbalances involved in fibromyalgia. We suggest opting for the standardized and titrated dry extract tablets of the griffon seeds, at the dosage indicated in the monograph dedicated to this phytotherapy, which also outlines its alleged danger.
Boswellia extract (Boswellia serrata) contains active ingredients that inhibit the activity of 5-lipoxygenase, an enzyme that stimulates the synthesis of proinflammatory substances involved in the pain mediation. The use of this ayurvedic plant can therefore be contemplated in the treatment of fibromyalgia, even for a long time, as the plant is safe and has no known and significant side effects or significant drug interactions. Generally, 300-400 milligrams of dry extract titrated in boswellic acids two or three times a day are used.
Although there is currently no cure for fibromyalgia, the diagnostic criteria and therapeutic options for chronic pain management continue to be developed. Research activities aimed at defining the disease are also numerous. In recent years, many advances have been made and clinical trials have shown that patients may try to control their symptoms through various therapeutic possibilities; Nevertheless, fibromyalgia remains a pathological condition difficult to sustain. By working in conjunction with competent health professions and motivated and informed fibromyalgia patients, it is desirable to continue to experience significant improvement in the management of symptoms and quality of life.