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Candida is a yeast bacteria that can causes major problems throughout the body. In addition to upset stomach, it may lead to fungi in the mouth and on the tongue where an unpleasant white coating occurs. We will suggest methods of how to get rid of yeast infection and, to follow, a diet that increases your chances of getting well.
Yeast infection thrives in a moist and warm environment, about 37 degrees. At least 25% of the population is estimated to have an excess of Candida in the western world. It is only when the excess of candida becomes difficult for the body as you notice it. In women, it causes genital fungi infections. Oral candida is common among infants.
Many people can have candida albicans (the yeast bacteria) without any discomfort. It is found on the skin, in the mouth and in other body openings. However, problems may arise if your immune system is impaired or if your bacterial flora is suddenly disrupted. The fungus will then have the opportunity to grow and the body may suffer from a series of infections that lead to more or less severe inconvenience.
Yeast infection – common symptoms
It is common for a candidiasis on the skin to lead to a red rash, for example, on the breasts, between the buttocks, the groin and the skin folds. In the mouth it causes white coatings and stains on the tongue and cheeks’ insides as well as cracks and irritation in the mouth corners. In the genitals it may be itching and irritation, as well as swelling and redness.
Other common symptoms that usually derive from an overgrowth of the candidiasis fungi are:
- Itching in and outside the vagina. The skin itch can vary in intensity from mild to very strong.
- A whitish, gritty discharge, it is usually described as “cottage cheese-like”. The discharge is often sparse and odorless.
- The mucous membranes in the vaginal opening are irritated. They feel dry, burning and can bleed more easily than usual. It hurts during urination and intercourse.
- The labia minora will turn red and swollen. The area around the wear opening is red and irritated, even cracks may occur.
- Gases and bloating
- Diarrhea and constipation
- Mouth dryness
- Mouth ulcer
- Bad breath
- Eczema and dry itchy skin
- Joint pain
- Chronic fatigue
- Acute sweet tooth
If you feel that it is not working or if the inconvenience is difficult to put up with, you should seek medical attention, especially if you have a reduced immune system and notice signs of a fungal infection. In case of minor complaints, there are also prescription drugs to treat fungal infection.
It happens that the symptoms disappear by themselves, and there is no need for treatment. Otherwise, itching and irritation usually increase within a few hours or days. Then treatment in the form of fungicidal drugs may be needed.
Problems with fungi in the abdomen are very common. Vaginal yeast infection affects about 75% of all women of childbearing age. Half of these get the infection back at least once. A fungal infection is harmless and does not impair the possibility of getting pregnant.
The fungus thrives where it is moist, hot and tight which makes the genitals a favorable place. If the fungus gets the proper nutrition, it increases in quantity. Women of childbearing age are more often affected by fungal infection because they have higher levels of female hormone estrogen, which gives the fungus the required nutrition.
Pregnancy makes it easier to get a fungal infection, which is because the hormone balance in the body affects the mucous membranes and thus also the immune system in the vagina. For the same reason, some women suffer from fungal infections more easily before the menstrual period. It is not uncommon for a fungal infection to debut in connection with antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics kill the beneficial lactic acid bacteria in the vagina, which can help the fungal infection to thrive.
Women with diabetes who are not well-intentioned in their sugar are also more easily affected by fungi. The high blood sugar causes the bacterial flora in the abdomen to become too sweet, and then the fungus thrives.
Tight pants, synthetic fabrics, sweat and frequent showering can be other reasons why the problems blossom. The sweat and all the showers dry out the delicate mucous membrane of the wear opening, as the protective fat kit between the cells then disappears. Summer is a time when many people are having trouble, which is probably due to the fungus thriving in heat and moisture.
Yeast infection in mouth and other body parts
The classic areas involved are the anatomic areas where there are two distinct cutaneous surfaces that come in contact, such as in the armpits, groin, interdigital areas (i.e., between the fingers), in the rolls of adipose and in the skin region between the genitals and the anus.
Why are certain anatomic areas more prone to the yeast infection? The candida fungi, as has been said, like to live in hot-humid environments. In special areas, such as the armpits or between two rolls of adipose tissue, there are temperatures and humidity levels ideal for the multiplication of Candida albicans.
In the mouth, the proliferation of Candida albicans may result in the appearance of whitish, lattescent, dotted, lenticular or confluent plaques. The areas of the mucous which may be affected are the tongue (almost always) and the palate (only in some frangent); furthermore, esophageal mucosa may also be affected, especially in the case of serious immune system diseases (AIDS, lymphomas, etc.).
If symptoms occur at the genital level, it is advisable to seek medical attention from a specialist in genital tract infections. If symptoms occur only in the mouth or on the skin, it may be sufficient to consult your GP.
Yeast infection complications
To diagnose candida in humans (as well as in women), an accurate goal examination can be enough during which the physician analyzes the patient’s symptom, signs and clinical history (past illnesses, current illnesses, etc.).
Further diagnostic tests, such as blood or urine tests, may be necessary when:
- The symptoms are very serious
- Symptoms persist in spite of the treatment being performed
- The patient is subject, without a clear reason, to recurrent candida episodes
- There is a doubt that the patient may suffer from a form not yet diagnosed with diabetes or some sexually transmitted disease.
Usually, diabetic people or patients with weak immune system (immunodeficiency) are victims of recurrent candidiasis episodes. However, if the cause of recurrence is unclear, further examignostics, such as blood tests, urine analysis and a cutaneous and / or buccal swab, are needed.
Patients who have never suffered from candida should be carefully examined by a physician who, in addition to observing the symptoms, also analyzes clinical history. Information emerging from clinical history may be crucial to understanding the precise causes of candidiasis and establishing the most appropriate therapeutic treatment.
If the physician suspects, or feels it is possible, the presence of a serious yet unhealthy illness (such as diabetes, immunodepression, etc.) may perform the above-mentioned in-depth examinations, i.e. skin and / or buccal swabs, blood analysis and analysis of urine.
Seek medical attention the first time you are affected
The first time you have fungal fungi, you should visit a health center, gynecologist or youth reception to get the inconvenience identified as fungus. It is important to remember that all itching is not a fungus. It happens that younger women get itching in the genitals does not have a fungal infection as the cause. Since not all itching is due to fungus, do not use fungicide without first having been diagnosed by a doctor. Should you then get back the symptoms and know that it is a fungus, you can treat the infection yourself. However, you should not treat yourself more than twice during a six-month period.
- You may relapse and are not completely sure that it is a fungus or recognize the typical symptoms.
- You did not notice any improvement after 3 days of treatment.
- Not all symptoms have disappeared within 7 days after initiation of treatment.
- You have wounds, cracks or vesicles in the genitals.
- You have discharge that is discolored or smelly.
- You have pain in your stomach or genitals.
- You have relapses and concomitant urinary disorders.
It is common to have fungal infection in the vagina. Fungi on the penis, on the other hand, are unusual. Fungus can be treated with prescription drugs.
Yeast infection risk factors
The transition from the latent and asymptomatic colonization of these fungi (present in many healthy individuals) to a symptomatic infection (candidiasis) is favored by the following predisposing factors:
- Drugs such as corticosteroids and antibiotic therapies: weakening of immune defenses.
- Oral contraceptives: high levels of estrogen seem to favor Candida’s growth.
- Hyperglycaemia (untreated diabetes): the presence of sugars promotes the pathogenic action of these fungi.
- Decline in immune defenses caused by diseases or major psycho-physical stresses: HIV, chemotherapy, transplantation.
- Anemia, alcoholism, smoking, stress, pollution.
Vaginal candidiasis is manifested with local itchiness, where excessive scratching often occurs.
Itching is associated with atypical vaginal secretions that form the classic white discharge tensely adhered to the internal mucous membrane. Painful urination and dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse) are also often present, but sometimes linear perineal ulcers appear. Diagnosis is carried out by objective examination by looking for the typical symptoms of the disease (colposcopy). Streaking or culture in the laboratory can be used to confirm the diagnosis, especially in the most severe cases.
Vaginal yeast infection is differentiated according to the severity of the disease. If candidosis is sporadic, caused by Candida albicans and does not occur during pregnancy or during systemic illness it is considered mild or uncomplicated.
If it is associated with recurrent infections (more than 4 candida per year), non-albicans forms and occurs during pregnancy or due to basic illnesses such as diabetes and HIV, it is classified as a complicated form. In uncomplicated forms, it is generally preferred for short-term systemic or topical antimycotic treatment. There seems to be no significant difference between the various treatment options. Among the most commonly used drugs are: Fluconazole, Clotrimazole, Itraconazole, Nistatin and Amphotericin B.
The approach to more complicated forms is, however, more complex and requires prolonged therapy (7-14 days cycles) after culture to identify the type of candida and exclude other pathologies. Relapse forms also require the treatment of the sexual partner.
Candida infection, as we have seen, can affect several bodily mucous membranes and according to the infected area it assumes different names (vulvovaginitis, balanitis, balanopostite, lily of the valley).
Male genital warts infection may cause, especially in diabetic subjects, the appearance of balanitis (pain, pruritus redness on the surface of the glans) or balanopostitis if the inflammation also extends to foreskin.
Yeast infection diagnosis
The most common species of yeast infection include Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Candida kefyr, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Candida parapsilosis. Usually the diagnosis is carried out by collecting, by means of a tampon, material from the lesions that the yeast causes, and then analyzing it in the optical and culture microscope. The last step is to sow the material taken on solid soil (the most commonly used is Sabouraud), on which smooth, pasty or creamy colonies, opaque and pasty, develop in about 24 hours. It is necessary to identify the species of all yeasts grown from blood, cerebrospinal fluid and surgical sampling (sterile sources). Laboratory standards for yeast identification from exfoliation, urine, vaginal swab and other non-sterile sources should also be established, as yeasts may be part of normal microbial flora or be transient colonizers. There is also a quick (few minutes) test and reliable for the identification of Candida albicans, called filament testing.
In the immunocompetent patient, topical therapy (in ointment) is generally preferred for skin and mucous disease, and except for nail fungus (onychomycosis), a good clinical response is usually observed. In oral, vulvar and vaginal candidiasis, local therapies with nistatin, miconazole or, in the case of resistant, other oral azole antimycotic agents, such as ketoconazole and fluconazole, are generally sufficient.
However, it should be borne in mind that all azole derivatives are fungostatic (ie they do not remove the fungus but block replication and motilection, giving the immune system time to eliminate it) and the disease may recur after the therapy is stopped. In the candidiasis of the esophagus, good results are obtained with oral azoles (ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole). In chronic mucus candidiasis, azole treatment is often effective, but recurrences are almost constant.
Antibiotics cause yeast infection
In relapsing or immunodepressed individuals and in women who are predisposed to develop vulvar vaginitis from Candida, it is also possible to take on oral doses of low dose anionic orally administered antibiotic medicines for the duration of antibiotic therapy, always for preventive purposes. A balanced diet combined with regular physical activity and healthy lifestyle helps boost immune defenses. On the contrary, a diet rich in simple sugars combined with sedentary, overweight, and unhealthy habits (smoking, alcohol, pollution, etc.) debilitates the entire body by increasing the likelihood of contracting many diseases including yeast infection.
As for diet, it’s important to choose genuine foods, do not overdo it with meat consumption, adopt proper cooking methods by limiting grilling and frying and privileging foods rich in fiber and antioxidants such as fruits and vegetables. Finally, it is useful to take yoghurt or other pro and probiotic foods to help balance the intestinal bacterial flora.
Treatment in case of systemic yeast infection
Therapy for systemic disease varies depending on the body involved and the patient’s immune status. For systemic disease, especially in severe lung forms and sepsis, amphotericin B should be used, alone or in combination with 5-fluorocytosis. In endocarditis, surgery is generally required.
Fungal infections in immunocompromised patients give many more problems because the underlying conditions leading to immunosuppression must be corrected to obtain the maximum response from antifungal treatment. Intubated patients or catheters should be followed with special care; catheters and infusion tubes need to be changed frequently to avoid contamination and the formation of colonization foci.
In AIDS, discontinuation of treatment is followed by recurrences, but continued prophylaxis may result in Candida albicans being acquired or the selection of Candida scarcely sensitive to antimycotics (Candida. Krusei, Candida glabrata) for which it is It is preferable to practice prophylaxis periodically by alternating suspension periods.
Try this 10-day diet for yeast infection
For ten days, you should refrain from “feeding” the candida bacterium. You do this through a dietary change.
Foods to Avoid:
- Sugar: Avoid sugar, but also malt, honey and foods that are sweetened, such as juice ice cream, biscuits, buns, chocolate, candy, ready made breakfast mixes, canned fruit, vitamin and mineral preparations containing sugar.
- Yeast fungi: Bread containing yeast, rolls, dark rye bread, sourdough, beer, beer yeast, browning on meat and poultry, store-bought orange juice, cough medicine, alcohol, possibly B vitamins and mineral preparations containing yeast.
If you get worse during days when it is humid and raining, you should also avoid:
- Milk fungi protein: Available in soya margarine, soy sauce, soybean oil. Eat in, for example, mustard, dressing, ketchup, bran etc. Smoked meat, smoked fish, mushroom. Never eat old food. Also avoid the additive E330-333 (citric acid) as it may contain residues of mold.
- Milk: Milk products such as cheese, yogurt, cream, cream, file and sour cream. Milk sugar (lactose) in, for example, dietary supplements.
- Medications: Avoid antibiotics (penicillin, etc.), but not without your doctor’s permission. If you take allergy tablets, try not to take them after a five-day diet so you can see what reactions you get when you start testing food again.
- If you already know that you are allergic to any foods, avoid them. Also, avoid gluten and butter containing milk if you suspect you can not tolerate it.
Foods To Stick To:
- Whole grain products (rye, oats, barley, millet, buckwheat)
- Legumes like beans, peas, lentils
- Brown rice
- Fruit (but not bananas)
- Olive oil
- Onions & garlic
- Meat, fish, egg, chicken (but not marinated meat or grilled or ready-to-eat chicken, or chicken that may contain yeast.)
- All vegetables (fresh and frozen).
- Potato (but pay extra attention to mold).
- Rice, corn, flour, pasta.
- Fruits (fresh and frozen), which should be washed and peeled, but max 250 grams daily. Avoid grapes, plums and excessive fructose fruits such as bananas with brown spots and soft pears.
- Bread baked on baking soda, crisp bread free from yeast and malt, rice cake.
- Dairy butter, margarine without soya, oil, nuts and seeds. Small amounts of milk in bread and liver pie are alright.
- Freshly squeezed juice, water, some tea and coffee.
- Sugar-free popcorn, potato chips (which may not contain soy or vegetable oils or sugar)
- Sweeteners without maltdextrin.
- Low-calorie count foods combined with low-fat herbs can reduce the excess of candida:
Provocation test for yeast trigger
After at least 10 days of diet, start testing some of the foods you avoided to find out what you can withstand and not tolerate.
You can start by introducing foods according to this schedule:
Day 1: Light soybean oil for breakfast and 1/4 or 1/2 teaspoon vinegar in a glass of water for dinner.
Day 2: A little beer or a little light beer for dinner.
Day 3: A couple of slices of cheese (not molded cheese).
Day 4: A cup of milk.
Day 5: Bread yeast in plain bread, or a pinch dry yeast diluted in some water.
Day 6: Sugar, honey or chocolate. Then you can try out other foods and drinks that you are considering, such as wine, alcohol, sweeteners.
If it’s damp outside day one and you get a reaction, it can be allergy to mold and not to vinegar and soybean oil.
If you discover candida allergy, you should do three things for at least two months:
- Avoid the food you are over-sensitive to.
- Use any prescription fungal medicine, such as Nystatin or similar herbal medicines.
- Eat good bacteria like lactic acid bacteria, for example, in some yogurt and fermented milk (if you have not shown hypersensitivity to lactose)..
Here are popular home remedies that will help you get rid of yeast naturally.
Take chetoconazole. It is an antifungal medication used to defeat yeast infections and which acts by killing the pathogenic cells in the urethra; The initial dose is a 200 mg tablet per day. If the infection does not resolve, you can increase the dose to two tablets (400 mg) per day; this medicine should not be used in combination with other medicinal products, such as dofetilide, eplerenone, midazolam and triazolam. Side effects include back pain, abdominal and leg pain, blurred vision, chest pain, chills, joint pain, tachycardia, dizziness and others.
Apply a cream with clotrimazole. It is a topical antimycotic used against fungal infections. It is also useful against other dermatological infections such as candida, inguinal tinea, athlete’s foot and dermatophytes.
Non-prescription anti-fungal creams
Non-prescription drugs, containing the active substance ekonazole, act directly against the fungus that causes the infection. Itching and other uncomfortable symptoms subsidewithin a few days and disappear within a week. The drug comes in a form of cream. You should use both and at the same time have fungal vagina and external complaints, ie around the genital opening.
If you are pregnant you may use the non-prescription medicines. There are no known risks in pregnancy. The cream is applied using your fingers. Suppositories are carefully inserted into the vagina, also with the fingers.
A man with a penile candidiasis infection may spread a dose of 1% full clotrimazole on the affected skin, preferably before bedtime; The medication should be used once daily for one week. Adverse effects are: itching, generalized skin irritation, dizziness, swelling, edema, and erythema.
Try the organic coconut oil. It is a clinically proven remedy against fungal infections, which acts upon the affected patch of skin. It destroys the yeast cells completely. It is also an excellent lubricant for sexual intercourse and reduces the likelihood that yeast will be transmitted from one partner to the other. A man with this infection may also swallow a teaspoon of coconut oil before each meal until candidiasis is resolved.
Try organic oregano oil. It is an effective remedy against yeast infection in the penis, especially when the skin becomes rough. Applies directly to the area to be treated, so it penetrates into the epidermis layers and kills the pathogen. Remember that this product should be diluted in 2: 1 coconut or olive oil to avoid skin irritation.
Prepare a paste with potassium sorbate. This substance is used to stop the yeast action during beer fermentation and can be applied to the skin cured by infection. It is very effective against candidiasis, preventing and stopping the development of yeast bacteria in the genitals. Add little water to make a paste and apply it directly to the infected area.
Use a lemon juice treatment. This citrus is rich in vitamin C and contributes to restoring the natural pH of the epidermis. This is a key factor in penile candidiasis, because juice creates a hostile environment for yeast proliferation. Prepare the solution by mixing two tablespoons of lemon juice in one liter of hot water; soak the area affected with candida. You should follow this protocol three times a day until full recovery.
Drink red cranberry juice. It is a perfect drink to get rid of this problem. It works by preventing the pathogen from infecting the swelling; moreover, it is able to increase the concentration of “good” acidophilic bacteria. You should drink the juice twice a day until the symptoms disappear.
Keep your skin dry. Moisture promotes candida growth, so make sure the genital area is as cool and dry as possible, tamping it carefully with a clean cloth after the bath.
Garlic is a great anti-fungal agent that can help in the Candida Albicans fungus fight. Eat it regularly, one or two cloves a day. Vaginal yeast infections can also be supplemented with a “tampon” with one peeled clove of garlic wrapped in a piece of pure natural cloth.
Apple vinegar contributes to restoring the pH balance of the body. The pH (acidity) is also very significant to the course the infection runs. It can be added to your drink or used in a vaginal douche. For better benefits, add 2 cups of vinegar to the bath, and soak in it for several minutes. Add 2 tablespoons daily to a glass of cold water.
Simple, natural, unsweetened yogurt contains beneficial bacteria that fight fungus yeast infection. It is also another particularly understandable and efficient home yeast drug. You can use it directly n the affected area, making a tampon with a clean piece of natural cloth. You can also use a syrenge with a syringe without a needle to spray it inside the vagina.
Add fresh cranberries to your diet. They are also an antimicrobial agent. But store-bought cranberry juice, cocktails and other carbohydrate cranberry drinks should not be abused. Sugar actually encourages mycelium. Fresh cranberries are the best, but they are very sour. You can try unsweetened cranberry juice thinned with water.
Tea wood essential oil is a powerful antiseptic. A few drops in a rich bath will suffice. Only for selected people can cause baking or discomfort. If not, rinse it off with a sufficient amount of water and refrain from the further use.
A cure of parasitic herbs and teas may be worth trying. Combine the following according to your own taste and preferences, including them in several meals during a day for a month: wormwood tea, walnut oil / walnut extract, olive oil, papaya, spice.
Adding the so-called probiotics which are natural beneficial bacteria will provide you with an extra layer of safety. They inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria and compete with the nutrient fungus. A useful bacterium to be taken care of is Lactobacillus acidophilus. This is the most common and most popular probiotic and is found naturally in, among other things onion, garlic, cabbage, tomato, kimchi oats, and soured foods such as sour cream, sauerkraut, milk and yogurt. Onions, garlic and turmeric foster the beneficial bacteria.
Wear only cotton underwear, never synthetic. Synthetic underwear traps humidity and fosters the growth of Candida fungus.
You should also eliminate excess hair because they make the humid area and contribute to making it a hospitable habitat for the yeast colony. Also, consider these great home remedies to get rid of yeast naturally. If you are currently using a mainstream trend based on topical creams etc., you will understand that often the infection is gone, only to go back later. It is therefore that the means of attack is only symptoms rather than causes of yeast. And the cause of infection, Candida Albicans fungus, increase their resistance to the medications.
Refrain from sexual intercourse until your yeast has completely disappeared. Sex can infect a partner and it is very difficult to recover when the bacteria affect both partners. When undergoing treatment, sex should be avoided. The best tactic is to let the infected vaginal mucosa rest, preferably during one week after starting treatment.
How to get rid of yeast infection for good
- Never use soap around the urethra and mucous membranes / inside the labia minora.
- Use extremely mild washing agents sparsely and superficially.
- Never sit on cold stones and the like. Never wear wet bathing suits for extended periods of time.
- If the genitals begins to itch or generally feels uncomfortable, ramp up your consumption of fermented milk and yogurt. It restores the acidic environment, thereby killing the morbiferous bacteria. Fermented milk also contributes to rehydration of the body if there is a shortage of that which is the problem.
- It may also be a good idea to do just the opposite, work with dehydration. Substance number 1 is potato flour. Potato flour is pure starch. Potato flour has the amazing ability to immediately soak all the moisture that then “falls off” into small potato flour shells. It works immediately. By using it for “wiping out” between the labia majora (not in the vagina of course), you can also create an adverse environment for bacteria. (Potato flour can be used for dehydration elsewhere where it is needed, it is great for absorbing liquids)
- Keep the fungus in check with the food. If you have recurrent problems with candidiasis, you can try to change the diet. Some foods are considered by homeopaths and within the alternative medicine, they are natural nutrients for the fungus. Would you like to try to remove sugar, yeast and milk products to a greater extent.
There are also studies that frequent oral sex can be a contributory cause of fungus recurring repeatedly. The mucous membranes in the genital opening and the vagina may suffice to wake up the fungus.
Take good care of your genitals:
- Do not wash your genitals more than once a day.
- Avoid soap (even mild and gentle)
- Do not wash or shower inside the vagina.
- Wipe the abdomen gently with a soft towel after washing.
- Wipe from the vagina and backwards during toilet visits.
- Avoid using synthetic and colored materials in underwear. Sleep without panties at night. Use cotton straps and fluffy clothes during the day.
- Use a tampon during menstruation. Be thrifty with pantyhose.
- Although difficult: try to avoid scratching. Irritation is exacerbated and the fungus can spread. Ice-packs in a cotton wrap relieve the itch effectively.
Cure yeast infection with herbs
This part of the article is intended to help the reader to quickly identify the natural remedies useful in the treatment of various symptoms, disorders and pathologies. For some remedies listed, this utility may not have been confirmed by sufficient experimental testing, conducted by scientific method. In addition, any natural remedy presents potential risks and contraindications.
If available, we recommend that you click on the link corresponding to the single remedy to deepen the topic. In any case, we emphasize the importance of avoiding the self-therapy and to consult your physician to ascertain the absence of contraindications and drug interactions.
The following officinal herbs can be used to get rid of yeast infection: uncaria tormentosa, arthropod, echinacea, eleuterococcus, probiotics (mainly bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus by systemic, then by mouth or for topical application directly in the vagina), prebiotics (FOS and inulin), caprylic acid, sorbic acid and sorbate, ratania, based on soluble fibers (pectin, guar gum, psyllium and linseed), picrorhiza, tea tree oil, ivy, asparagus seeds, thyme, garlic.
Male yeast infections
Yeast infection in men is the male variant of fungal infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. At the genital level, it causes disturbances at the level of the penis and its top (glands), but not only; sometimes, in fact, similar to what happens in female candidias may also affect the skin and mucous membranes of the mouth (if not the entire oropharyngeal tract). The differences between the two sexes, therefore, only concern genital manifestations, generally more evident in women.
Candida in man is caused by the same pathogen that infects women, that is, the fungus Candida albicans. On the genital level, however, this fungal infection causes different manifestations in both sexes: while in women it is typically associated with vulvovaginitis with whitish leakage, man can cause balanitis (inflammation of the gland). Common at both sexes are the manifestations in other districts, such as the characteristic rash and the so-called lily (or oral candidiasis).
When the disease is symptomatic, the diagnosis of candida is quite simple, as the signs of infection are unequivocal. However, in some cases, further in-depth tests, such as blood or urine tests, may be needed. To treat candida in me (as well as in women), antifungal drugs, such as imidazole derivatives and triazoles, are required.
Like in woman, candida in man can arise because of:
- A decline in ‘good bacteria’ in the human body. This usually occurs after excessive intake of antibiotics.
- Bad personal hygiene. An insufficient drying of the penis (or the vagina in a woman’s case) after a shower or bath creates an ideal habitat for the proliferation of the Candida albicans mushroom, which prefers humid and warm environments.
- Using improper detergents. Low-quality soaps and shower gel can irritate the penis (or vagina, in the case of a woman) and promote fungal multiplication.
- Suffering from AIDS or immunodepression. In both cases, the immune system is weak and ineffective. Such weakness allows pathogens to multiply more easily and reduces the likelihood of healing.
- Suffering from diabetes. In diabetic individuals, the high amount of glucose in the blood (high blood sugar) promotes the multiplication of the Candida albicans fungus, as it represents a major source of nutrition for the latter.
- Sexual relationship with an infected person. It is possible that a healthy individual, after a sexual relationship with a candida patient, gets sick of the same illness.
- The skin folds formed from fat rolls represent an ideal environment for multiplication of Candida albicans fungus. Obese people are therefore more at risk of candidiasis.
At a genital level, candida in humans causes inflammation of the glans, also called balanitis.
The classic signs of balanitis are:
- Redness and swelling
- Irritation and itching
- Ulcerative lesions associated with whitish, dense, lumpy secretions and bad smell
- Phimosis (or foreskin narrowing)
- Pain and bleeding during urination
- Pain during sexual activity
In some cases, it is possible that, as a result of a balanitis, the lymph nodes inguinalize swollen and become painful to the touch. There are, however, cases of completely asymptomatic or paucisintomatic (where the symptoms are minimal and hardly recognizable). On the skin, male yeast infection can cause skin rash (or rash or exanthema), characterized by: itching, burning, pain and small red spots. In addition, it may also result in the secretion of a white to yellowish substance, similar to a curd.
Fungal infection in the genitals is not considered a sexually transmitted disease. It is also very unusual for the partner to suffer. However, if your partner has any symptoms, they can treat themselves to the same non-prescription cream. Men should smear in the penis and foreskin twice a day until symptoms disappear, and then for another three days. Recognize the symptoms of a yeast infection.
The main ones are:
- Numbness and irritation: the tip of the penis is affected by a reddish skin rupture; itching and burning sensation very irritating in the area of the glans and when urinating the burn is more intense.
- Secretion: you can notice a discharge from the penis of a white substance similar to vaginal discharge caused by the same infection; the secretion can be smelly.
- Discomfort during sexual intercourse: you may experience pain or discomfort due to soreness, irritation and penile inflammation.
Understand the causes and risk factors. The most common are:
- Sexual dating: Like all venereal infections, candida can also be transmitted by sexual contact; A man can do it by having sex with an infected partner without using the condom.
- Antibiotics: Although it is a cause less frequent than sexual transmission, prolonged use of these medicines can trigger the infection.
- Diabetes: Yeasts thrive in glucose-rich environments, diabetics are therefore more susceptible to infection, as they have high blood sugar levels.
- Food: Typical Western nutrition increases chances that a man suffers from candidiasis. Wheat, barley, oats, peanuts, red apples and corn favor the proliferation of a yeast colony in the body because they are rich in glucose, the “food” of these microorganisms.
- Using nonoxynol-9: this spermicide is used in prophylactic lubricants and has been related to genital candidiasis in men.
Men with a candida balanitis could have been infected by their infected partner.
In such cases, it is good practice for a woman to undergo the same examinations as her partner and to start the same treatments. Specific antifungal medicine medicines are used in both partners; their use can be further reinforced by home remedies and practices described in this article.
Imidazole preparations are used for buccal and skin manifestations. For balanite, instead, it serves a more powerful product, but with similar effects, known as fluconazole; fluconazole is prescribed in very severe and persistent candida cases. From a hygienic point of view and sexual activity, care should be taken to some rules and take some healthy behaviors. Imidazole derivatives are anti-fungal drugs, which act by destroying the cell membrane of the fungus. They are administered topically (ie directly where infection occurs) and can be prepared in different ways: in fact, they exist in the form of oral creams and gels. The most used imidazole derivatives are: clotrimazole, econazole, chetoconazole and miconazole.
Among the side effects, you should report the burn after their application. If this sensation becomes unbearable and evolves into severe skin irritation, it is best to contact your doctor immediately and advise on alternative treatment.
If the skin rash and the pruritus associated with it are very intense, your doctor may prescribe, in addition to imidazole derivatives, topical corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that, in the case of prolonged intake, may cause several side effects. Fluconazole is a drug belonging to the triazole family, which also has antifungal power. It can be administered on the following occasions: when candida occurs at the genital level, with the classic symptom of balanitis; when skin and buccal level symptoms persist even after a two-week treatment of imidazole derivatives.
Major side effects of fluconazole: nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, flatulence. Fluconazole is taken orally via tablets. Once in the body, the antifungal drug acts against certain enzymes that Candida albicans use to reproduce and survive. In other words, it destroys essential molecules for mushroom reproduction.