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Inflammation of the bladder strikes mostly women – it results from the anatomical construction. However, there are plenty of ways to avoid urinary tract infections. Some of them were discussed previously (you can find more bout it here). In this article you will be able to check how to prevent infection, and how to deal with the disease quickly when it appears.
Bladder inflammation is a typical female problem, and it is quite common. The first symptom of bladder inflammation is a feeling of light burning pain when urinating. Then you run to the toilet more often (even if you do not drink much), but you can hardly squeeze out a few drops. This discomfort is accompanied by intense burning and pain in the urethra.
Although the symptoms appear to be harmless, unfortunately, they can make life miserable. But not only for this reason they must not be underestimated. Neglecting of infection is likely to cause recurrent inflammation of the kidneys (which may lead to their inability) or genital organs.
Bladder inflammation: causes and risk factors
Women suffer from urinary tract infections several times more often than men. They have the anatomy for this. The urethra in women is much shorter (4-5 cm in length) than in men (15-20 cm), and in addition is directly adjacent to the mouth of the vagina and anus where many microorganisms are found. And although in their natural environment they are harmless, when they move to the urinary tract, they can cause inflammation.
The perpetrators can include, among others. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, staphylococcus. However, most urinary tract infections correspond to the colostrum (Escherichia coli), which naturally resides in the digestive tract, is found in the feces in the anal area. When bacteria get into the skin between the vagina and the anus, they quickly migrate to the urethra where they multiply. Shortly after, they migrate to the bladder and adhere to its walls, causing inflammation. If no treatment is taken in time, they can go further – from urethra to the kidneys.
The infection can easily be caught in summer. The reason may be, for example, the bladder overheating, which can occur due to sitting on the beach in a wet swimsuit, sitting on stones, too lightly dressing (leaving the kidneys uncovered) on cooler days. Sexual intercourse is also most often associated with infection, especially when it happens without the use of a condom, because it is easy to transfer bacteria from the anus to the urethra during sex. In addition, coil mucosal membranes produced during an intercourse facilitate the entry of microorganisms into the organism.
Infection can also develop when wearing tight trousers or underwear made of artificial fibers, which causes overheating and inflammation of the intimate area, and this is conducive to the reproduction of bacteria. In addition, inappropriate hygiene of sensitive areas, the use of spermicides, the use of perfumed inserts, sanitary napkins or intimate cosmetics, the use of public toilets without adequate protection also increase the risk of infection.
Inflammation of the bladder occur more often during pregnancy and postmenopause. During pregnancy, the urinary tract is particularly susceptible to infection, because the physiological changes associated with the growth of the baby extend not only to the genitals but also to the ureters, bladder and urethra. This helps the bacteria move in the urinary tract. In addition, the enlarged uterus squeezes the urinary tract, resulting in bladder retention in the bladder and promotes the propagation of bacteria.
Infections are more likely to occur after menopause. At this time, the amount of estrogen decreases, and this makes the mucous membranes of the intimate areas are poorly moisturized. It is easier to get irritated, which paves the way for bacteria.
In what situations can cystitis occur more frequently?
Pregnant women are especially vulnerable to urinary tract infections. At this time, the tissues are relaxed so that the baby can freely grow inside the womb and then come into the world through narrow canal. The problem is that not only the gonad, but also the ureter, the bladder and the urethra, are spread to facilitate the pathogenicity of the urinary tract. In addition, the enlarged uterus squeezes the urinary tract, which causes urinary retention in the bladder. And that in turn is conducive to infection. Postmenopausal women, too, suffer from the infection more often. A smaller amount of estrogen makes the mucous membranes of the intimate areas poorly moisturized. Therefore, they are more easily irritated.
What diseases increase the risk of cystitis?
High risk groups are men in their fifties who have prostate problems. An enlarged gland compresses the urinary tract and bladder, making it difficult to urinate. Urinary incontinence leads to inflammation. For both sexes, the probability of infection is higher in patients with diabetes or gout (uric acid metabolism disorder). Frequent urinary tract infections are particularly dangerous in diabetic patients because they cause damage to glomeruli and accelerate the development of renal failure. Infection of the urinary tract is also supported by stones in both the kidneys and the bladder. There is also a family tendency for this type of infection.
When the infection continues to return, the doctor orders the antibiogram to select the most effective treatment. Some specialists refer to this test before starting the antibiotic treatment, and until the result of the treatment are achieved, there may be prescribed other preparations, including “blind” selection of an antibiotic for acute urinary tract infections. Putting away the treatment is risky because of complications. The test consists in taking a sample of urine and planting it on suitable substrates. If any of these bacteria are bred, they are treated with special antibiotic discs. When there is no bacterial growth in the area around the disk, the antibiotic is considered effective. The result is expected after 5-7 days.
To make the test, urine is collected in the morning, after washing the intimate areas with water (without soap!), so as not to disturb the bacterial flora. A sample is collected into a sterile container (can be bought in a pharmacy). In practice it looks like this: start to pee into the toilet, then into the container, and finish by completing the bladder emptying into the toilet.
What will mitigate the symptoms of cystitis?
First of all, you need to drink a lot, at the beginning even a glass of fluid every half hour to accelerate the urinary microflora. Diluted urine will not cause baking while peeing. The healthiest choice is still water. It also makes the diluted chokeberry or blackcurrant juice, because the high content of vitamin C inhibits the multiplication of bacteria.
You can save with herbal mixtures or slurry paste. And if infusions and pastes do not pass through your throat, reach for tablets or granules of similar composition. All have anti-inflammatory and diuretic effects. Use them as directed on the leaflet. If you are taking medication for dehydration, consult your physician beforehand. Pregnant women should avoid self-medicating with herbs or any other agents, for that matter.
Take a hot water bottle and lie with it under the covers. You can make yourself a herbal soup. Heat improves the mucosal blood supply, and this speeds up the treatment. Include cranberries (fresh fruits you can replace with juice or preserves) or use cranberry extract as they work against inflammation and prevent bacteria from settling on the walls of the urinary tract. Add parsley, celery and celery root and season with juniper berries – purify the urinary tract and kidneys.
When do I need to go to the doctor?
If within two days of home treatment the complaints will not be resolved and if you have fever, pain in the cross or blood in the urine, do not delay with a visit to the doctor. You will need to do a urine analysis. Based on the result the doctor will apply the appropriate treatment. Typically, anti-inflammatory drugs (Furagin, Baktrim, Biseptol, Trimesan) are given. If they do not cause fever or illness, then an antibiotic is needed.
What is the risk of nephritis?
With banal infection, there can develop nephritis. In addition, untreated disease may cause recurrent inflammation of the kidneys or genitals. And this leads to renal failure and infertility. Therefore, urinary tract infections should not be underestimated, and after the end of therapy, you should make a check urine to see if all the bacteria have been destroyed.
How to prevent bladder infections?
Usually it helps if you just change some of your habits. Make sure you drink 2 liters of fluids a day. By flushing the bladder, you will not allow the bacteria to settle. Do not hold urine – with time it will stop getting completely excreted from the bladder. The remaining amount is good for germs. Take care of daily hygiene of intimate places. Wash yourself twice a day in the shower or with plenty of water and mild soap. Remember, too obsessive hygiene is not good either. You can thus destroy the physiological flora, which is a natural protection against infections. The chemical components contained in deodorants and toilet soap may also alter the pH of the vagina and irritate the delicate mucus. Wear warmth from below, do not sit on the stones, because cold conducts infection. Refrain from underwear and synthetic fibers. It causes inflammation of the intimate areas, and this also increases the risk of infection.
15 first-aid tips on how to treat cystitis at home
As soon as you feel unpleasant symptoms, it\s best to get active in order to prevent the spread of infection.
- Drink no less than 3 liters of fluids a day to speed urinary drainage of bacteria. The best choice is still water. You can also add lemon juice or drink blackberry juice, pomegranate juice, blackberries or American cranberries – including vitamin C, which inhibits the multiplication of bacteria. Avoid coffee, black tea and alcohol because they irritate the bladder.
- Help your body boost renal health with herbs – they may be ready mix (eg Urosan fix, Nefrobonisan), nettle or dandelion. Such teas act as a diuretic and relieve the symptoms of infection. In the pharmacy you will also find herbal preparations in tablets (eg Urosept, Urosal).
- New findings show that vitamin D supplements (see recommendations of the Food Agency about how much you should eat per day) seem to prevent urinary tract infections as it activates your own immune system and protects your urinary tract against bacteria.
- Cranberries contain b proanthocyanidin which is believed to be the substance that can prevent E. coli from easily attaching to the urinary tract mucous membranes, but instead rinses with urine. Cranberries can also be bought as juice and in capsule form.
- Drink properly (but no more than 4 liters per day) so that you regularly urinate in order to rinse through the urinary tract.
- It is important that the bladder is emptied properly when you urinate, take good care of yourself and properly on the toilet. In case of difficulty in emptying the bladder, you may be helped by n easy technique that consists in pausing for a little, then resting on the toilet and trying again, often the bladder can drain a little more.
- Important to identify residual urine (the urine remaining in the urinary bladder after urination) that increases the risk of UTI can be done with ultrasound.
- Women are advised to empty the bladder after intercourse to rinse out any bacteria.
- Always wipe the front and back after toilet visits to prevent bacteria from entering the intestine into the urethra.
- Be careful not to expose your abdomen unnecessarily to cold, dress warmly.
- Heat cushion can also relieve symptoms such as sweating and pain.
- Wash the underwear for at least 60 degrees to make them clean of bacteria.
- Warm up – it\s best to stay under the quilt, and to position the back and lower back on an electric pillow or a hot-water bottle. Heat improves the blood supply of mucous membranes, and this speeds up the treatment.
- Take a herb bath – pour a brew of chamomile mixture, yarns and yarrow and sage leaves to hot water (take a tablespoon of herbs, boil a bit of boiling water and cover for 15 minutes), then sit in the water (reaching the waist) for 15 minutes. You can also use a ready mix of pharmacies (eg Vagolavit, Vagosan).
- Limit sex – sex during an infection lengthens the time of treatment, and besides, it does not bring so much enjoyment, since it can be quite painful. Encourage your partner, especially in case of recurrence of infections, to perform urine and semen analysis before recommencing your sex life.
Tips on how to treat bladder inflammation at home
If after 2 days home treatment the disease does not give up, and especially if you have fever, nausea and vomiting, pain in the kidney area, blood in urine or purulent discharge – it is necessary go to the doctor (and in case you are pregnant, seek an urgent attention of your gynecologist!). It will be necessary to carry out urinalysis together with culture analysis. ased on the result the doctor will apply the appropriate treatment. As a rule, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed, but you may need an antibiotic. Treat the recommended treatment to the end, not just to relieve the discomfort, because discontinuation of treatment increases the risk of developing severe renal infection.
Meanwhile, this is what you can do at home to protect yourself from bladder inflammation
- Drink about 2 liters of fluids a day – it facilitates flushing of the bladder and urethra, reducing the risk of bacterial colonization.
- Do not interrupt urinating before the bladder is empty – when there is remaining urine in the urinary tract, the bacteria in it have the perfect conditions to reproduce.
- Wash the genitals twice daily under running water, from front to back, so as not to transmit the bacteria from the anus to the urethra and gonad. Use intimate hygiene fluids.
- Stick to proper hygiene in the toilet – wipe the intimate area in the direction of the anus, not the other way round. If you use public toilets, use disposable hygienic pads.
- If you suffer from dryness of the vagina, use foam or gel to moisturize the intimate area – thus avoiding irritation of the mucosa and reducing the risk of infection.
- After sexual intercourse, wash the intimate area or at least urinate – this will remove germs that got into the urethra.
Bladder inflammation is – due to the anatomical structure – a woman’s ailment. Herbs are believed to be very effective in their treatment. It is also worthwhile to follow the prevention protocol as recommended by your doctor. Such herbs as horsetail, common wheat, medicinal beetle, common juniper and common parsley can provide serious benefits in relieving UTI.
Herbs for cystitis can help with pharmacological treatment and alleviate unpleasant symptoms. During the treatment of urinary tract a lot must be taken, preferably about 8-10 glasses of fluid a day. Drinks and infusions should also include herbs and diuretics. Thanks to the large amount of fluid the kidneys and bladder are “flushed”. If after a few days of home treatment you do not feel better, you should seek medical advice.
Healthcare specialists often recommend drinking herbs as a complement to a pharmacological treatment. In the case of kidney stones, they facilitate the excretion of sand and stones, while bladder inflammation, while helping to remove bacteria that cause infection. Persons with a tendency to various diseases of the urinary system can be recommended by us infusion and detoxification preventively.
Field horsetail for cystitis.
Thanks to the high content of silica, which is in addition easily soluble in water, field horsetail is widely known as a component of hair, skin and nail enhancers; we rarely associate its name with a herb used in urinary tract diseases. Green horsetail shoots, without the bottom brown, should be collected from June to August, only on clear days. They are drenched in a well-shaded and airy place. Horsetail is a component of many herbal remedies recommended for lower urinary tract diseases. An infusion or decoction of this herb will also help in bladder information. 1 tablespoon of horseradish herb pour boiling water and leave for 15 minutes. Strain. Drink such a portion of the infusion 3 times a day. 2 tablespoons of herb drink 2 glasses of warm water, bring to a boil and cook under low heat for 15 minutes.
Violet is known for its splendid aroma. Not only does it look and feel good, it smells sweet, it attracts bees, but it also has health benefits. This is due to the flavonoids, triterpene saponins, tannins, bitter gourds and mucus compounds contained in the green, primarily phenolic glycosides (especially lejocarboside), acid polysaccharides, phenolic acids and essential oil. It is a combination of leucocarboside, flavonoids and essential oil that makes the crotch one of the most potent diuretic herbs – it increases the amount of urine up to several hundred percent! The presence of tannins is antibacterial, and salicylates, leucocarp and flavonoids make the skin strong antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. In total, the sheath is a very effective support in the treatment of almost all diseases of the urinary tract – from bladder to stone infection, glomerulonephritis and more. Meanwhile modern science has confirmed its high efficacy in the treatment of bladder infection and prevention of kidney stones. Violet contains many very valuable substances – apart from silica, also flavonoids, potassium salts, saponins, organic acids, phytosterols, carotenoids, tannins, vitamin C, resin compounds. Vitamin C acidifies the urine and together with silica maintains the normal state of mucous membranes, including those that bladder the bladder. Silica, in combination with potassium and flavonoids, acts as a diuretic – it cleans toxins and harmful microbes. It also counteracts the crystallization of minerals in the urinary tract. Flavonoids have strong anti-inflammatory properties.
It is the fruit of juniper that has the medicinal effect has the fruit of juniper, which in medicine is referred to as juniperus communis. Thanks to oils and flavonoids, they act as diuretics and bactericides. It is used in inflammatory conditions of the urinary tract and kidney. They ripen in the second year after the banding. It is best to pick them up after the first frost when they easily fall out of the twigs. Mature are purple-green with a bluish or blue rash (do not break the green berry). They are dried in a dryer at 40 degrees C or in a breezy room. A flat teaspoon of crushed juniper fruit is poured with a glass of water and heated until boiling. Take the brewing off the fire, lightly soothe, strain and drink twice a day by 1/4 cup.
In bladder inflammation it is very helpful to sit in warm water with the right herbs. For a pellet with water at a temperature of about 36 degrees C add 2 cups of chamomile, horsetail or bark infusion. Such a bath is optimal when done 2 times a day after 15 minutes.
This herb is a component of many popular diuretic preparations, among others. Urogran, Neophitolysin, Uropatine. If necessary, fresh infusions can also be prepared from the very beginning. Alcoholic extract of this herb may also help at the first symptoms of cystitis. Here is how to go about it: To 100 g of fresh or dry herbal weight add 450 ml warm dry red wine, 50 ml of pure 40% vodka. Leave the tincture for 2 weeks, then strain and store it in a dark glass bottle. Drink 30 ml once a day.
Bearberry combats bladder and kidney inflammation. Its leaves contain a rare set of chemical compounds, among others, phenolic glycosides (mainly arbutin) and their esters with gallic acid, free hydroquinone, hydrolysis tannins, triterpenes (including ursolic acid), flavonoids, and mineral salts. This set of substances is extremely effective against bladder and kidney inflammation, especially chronic and recurrent. Glycosides and tannins are hydrolysed in the urine resulting in bactericidal compounds – hydroquinone and pyrogallol, which act on bacteria that are the most common causative agent of urinary tract infections. A large amount of flavonoids, especially isocregisterin, acts not only as an anti-inflammatory, but also as a diuretic.
The very high efficiency of the blanche makes the leaves of this plant a component of numerous preparations that are intended for the treatment of bacterial urinary tract infections. When using brewers – both prepared preparations and self-prepared infusions – care must be taken to maintain urine alkaline (only if arbutin is produced strongly bactericidal hydroquinone); This can be achieved by drinking large amounts of water. It is also worth knowing that during the treatment of this urine may have a dark green color, and as your health improves it becomes brighter and loses its unpleasant smell. 1 teaspoon of brewing leaves pour a glass of water and leave for 45 minutes. Then gradually warm up for about 5 minutes until boiled. Transfer the decoction to the thermos; drink every 3 hours by 1-2 tablespoons.
One of the causes of urinary tract infection is too little urine which, as known, has disinfection properties. Therefore, you need to drink plenty of water (at least 1 and 1/2 liters a day), but not mineral, because the compounds present in it can be an extra burden for the urinary system. This may be a filtered tap water, for example, in a special filter cartridge that effectively reduces water contamination. Drinking a well-purified water will increase the amount of urine and help to remove the pathogenic bacteria that cause the infection.
Parsley for stone and cystitis.
Extracts from the roots and fruits of Petroselinum sativum (parsley), thanks to the oils and furanokumarin content, are highly diuretic and diastolic. They also disinfect the urinary system and prevent the formation of stones in the kidneys. Roasted parsley, raw or cooked, can also relieve the symptoms of kidney stones and cystitis. The roots are collected in October and dried in the drying room at 35 degrees C. The fruits are obtained from flowers in the second year of breeding. They mature in August, and they look like small, gray-green stools. They are drenched in a breezy place. Half a teaspoon of dried powdered root is steamed with a glass of boiling water. Drink 2 times a day by half a glass.
Levisticum officinale works diuretically. Due to the diuretic properties of coumarin and oil, it is recommended as a treatment aid for kidney stones (facilitates the removal of sand from the kidneys and protects against kidney stones) and cystitis. The roots of the plant for medicinal purposes should be collected (after the cutting of the aboveground part) in the second and third year of cultivation, in autumn and early spring. Purified from the ground, it is dried at 30 – 35 degrees C, but it is crushed immediately before preparation of the infusion.
- Excess juniper fruit extract can cause irritation of the kidneys and hematuria. Do not use it during pregnancy and during menstruation.
- Treating the horsetail extracts can cause vitamin B1 deficiency in the body. The deficiency has to be supplemented by using preparations containing this vitamin.
- Root and parsley preparations, due to the content of parsley oil, which excessively induces contractions of the uterus, can not use pregnant women.
- Lovage has a photosensitive effect, so do not sunbathe during treatment.