in this article:
Heartburn and acid reflux are very unpleasant. Small daily actions can help you minimize the pain associated with gastroesophageal reflux. Follow our advice approved by world’s leading gastroenterologists to avoid or relieve them quickly.
Heartburn and gastro-esophageal reflux
Most often, acid reflux is due to a hiatal hernia, with part of the stomach passing through the diaphragm into the thorax. The most serious cases are surgery, otherwise there are medical treatments and lifestyle guidelines: avoid heavy meals, coffee and sparkling drinks, stop smoking and alcohol, raise the headboard, respect a period of 3 hours between dinner and bedtime, etc.
Symptoms of heartburn
The main symptoms appear especially after meals or while lying down: when a burning sensation ‘going up’ behind the sternum appears, doctors talk about heartburn. Another tell-tale symptom is acid regurgitation, which gives a bitter taste in the mouth.
Reflux may also result in less common and more general symptoms:
- A hoarse voice, especially in the morning
- A chronic sore throat
- Asthma occurring at night and unrelated to an allergy.
- Chronic cough or frequent hiccups
- Persistent bad breath
- Dental problems (loss of tooth enamel)
In infants, the symptoms of reflux are as follows:
- excessive regurgitation and / or vomiting;
- pains, a refusal to drink, crying fits;
- stunting and anemia in severe cases.
- episodes of apnea (rare).
The following alarming symptoms lead to immediate medical attention as they may be a sign of a complication or other illness:
- Difficulty swallowing
- Recurrent vomiting
- Pain during swallowing
- A cough, an asthmatic breath
- A repeated need to rinse the throat.
- Stomach upset
- Abnormal weight loss
- The appearance of blood in the sputum (sputum), or blood in the vomit or in the stool (black stools).
- No improvement with medical treatment of 4 to 8 weeks.
- Anemia (in case of significant blood loss)
The pain caused by reflux burn can sometimes be so intense as to suggest a heart attack. You need to see a doctor if you have unusual chest pain that radiates to the arm or jaw because it can really be a heart attack.
12 Expert Pieces Of Advice On How To Get Rid f Heartburn
In the passages below we will focus on the most effective ways to steer clear of heartburn – and to get rid of its symptoms.
1. How to fight heartburn changing your nutritional routine
‘Lying down after a meal upsets the natural draining of food downwards and can cause food to flow back into the esophagus.
What to do: Wait until the end of the gastric emptying to take a nap, about 2h after a light meal and until 4h for a larger meal. And prefer the chair in bed! It is also advisable to dine early and raise the upper body with pillows at bedtime.
During meals, avoid large servings and fatty foods and prefer light foods. According to some studies, foods that are too high in fat will increase heartburn. It is better to take smaller meals more frequently. It is also necessary to take the time to chew food, so as not to overload the stomach and promote digestion.
Plan to eat your last meal 3-4 hours before bedtime. The extended position promotes gastroesophageal reflux. By allowing time for your stomach to begin the process of digestion, you will avoid these inconveniences.
If despite these precautions your pains persist during the night, raise the head by about 30 inches during the sleep period. You can use several pillows or use a block of foam according to what brings you the most comfort.
2. Limit certain foods
Although no serious study has established a clear link between the consumption of certain foods and heartburn, many people with these conditions have observed a worsening of symptoms after taking these foods.
Foods that contain caffeine or caffeine should not be used, since they promote loosening of the sphincter. It should therefore refrain from consuming coffee, chocolate, tea, cola drinks. Other types of soft drinks are also to be avoided as they increase the risk of bloating and are harmful to the sphincter. Consumption of high-fat products must also be limited because fat slows down the digestive process. Thus, a food that remains in the stomach for a long time will have the effect of increasing the secretion of gastric juices. Avoid fat meat, whole cheeses, pastries, cold cuts, etc.
Acidic and / or spicy foods should also be little consumed. They tend to increase the acidity already produced by the stomach and to further inflame the walls of the esophagus. Citrus fruits (lemon, grapefruit, orange, lime) as well as spearmint, peppermint and tomato are acidic foods and should be avoided.
Despite these many restrictions, some foods and products can help you reduce heartburn. Flat water is one of them. It activates salivation, which prepares the stomach for digestion.
The fiber contained mainly in whole grain cereals (wheat, oat bran, etc). and fruits and vegetables (pear, pumpkin, potato, etc). are to be added to the menu. They protect the intestine and improve digestion. Foods rich in antioxidants will also help you fight heartburn.
High-fat foods can contribute to heartburn because they reduce the tone of the esophageal sphincter, which is struggling to play its role of anti-reflux. They also delay the absorption of the bolus, which by staying longer in the stomach, excessively stimulates the production of acids. Other foods that are poorly tolerated by the mucous membranes of the stomach can also promote burns. This may vary depending on each.
What to do: Avoid fried foods, fatty meats (lamb, mutton pork), cold cuts, butter, onions, tomatoes, mustard, gherkins, vinegar, coffee, tea.
GTo fight against the acidity, increase your consumption of fruits and vegetables.
3. How to get rid of heartburn as a side effect of certain drugs
Some medications reduce the protection of the stomach lining, facilitating the development of pain and burning. This is particularly the case of calcium channel blockers used to treat high blood pressure or certain prescribed treatments against asthma. What to do: if you have these symptoms, you should consult your doctor. He or she may suggest another treatment or medication to manage gastroesophageal reflux and heartburn.
Many drugs sold in a pharmacy on prescription and without it, can cause heartburn. Prescription drugs causing increased acidity include: soothing drugs, such as diazepam (e.g., Valium) or lorazepam (e.g., Ativan), antibiotics such as tetracycline, anticholinergic drugs like dicyclomine hydrochloride (e.g., Antispas) or glycopyrrolate (e.g., Robinul), cardiac drugs such as propanol (e.g., Inderal), atenol (e.g., Tenormin), diltiazem (e.g. Cardizem), digoxin (e.g. Lanoxin) or nifedipine (e.g. Procardia), bisphosphonates such as alendronate, medications for cancer patients and other ways of treating cancer, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, such drugs as Demerol, nitrates, such as isosorbide dinitrate or nitroglycerin, potassium, steroids, such as prednisone, theophylline.
OTC medicines that can cause heartburn and increased gastric acidity: antihistamines such as Benadryl or Chlor-Trimeton, food supplements that include iron, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen, vitamin C.
Let us now have a closer look at these groups of drugs to better understand their mechanism and learn how to avoid such side effect as heartburn:
- Anticholinergics (or deliriants – substances that block the natural neurotransmitter acetylcholine and substitute it for ingestion in the vicinity of the cholinergic receptors of the brain). Anticholinergics drugs include such tropane alkaloids as atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine contained in bleach, dope, belladonna, mandragore, duboisia, scopoly and some other plants, as well as antihistamines, promethazine, diphenhydramine, etc. and some drugs for the treatment of parkinsonism) – for example, used in sea sickness treatment;
- Beta-blockers (a group of pharmacological drugs, when they are introduced into the human body, beta-adrenergic receptors are blocked, they are conventionally divided into two groups: 1-adrenoreceptor blockers, 1-adrenergic receptor blockers and 2-adrenergic receptors. With blockade of 1-adrenergic receptors, cardiac effects are predominantly observed, the force decreases and the heart rate decreases, i.e., a negative chronotropic effect occurs, cardiac conduction is inhibited, i.e., there is a negative.In the blockade of 2-adrenergic receptors, there is an increase in bronchial tone, the tone of the pregnant uterus, the tone of the arterioles, and the growth of the OPSS Beta-adrenergic receptors are present in the smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, respiratory tract, arteries, kidneys and other tissues and are responsible for the reaction of the body towards stress, especially in case of stimulation with adrenaline Beta-adrenoblockers prevent the binding of epinephrine and some other hormones to the receptor and therefore weaken the effects of stress) administered for high blood pressure or heart attacks.
- Calcium channel blockers (or calcium antagonists – a heterogeneous group of drugs with a similar mechanism of action and difference in some properties, including tissue selectivity, pharmacokinetics, effects on heart rate, etc). at high blood pressure;
- Dopamine (a neurotransmitter produced in the brain of humans and animals, as well as a hormone produced by the adrenal medulla and tissues – for example, the kidneys, but this hormone does not penetrate the brain subcortex from the blood. ‘Predecessor’ of norepinephrine and epinephrine) – a drug often prescribed for Parkinson’s disease (or parkinsonism is a progressive gradually neurological chronic degenerative disease of the extrapyramidal motor system a topic characteristic of older people.Parkinsonism caused by the destruction and death of neurons that produce the neurotransmitter dopamine in the central nervous system. The inadequate production of dopamine leads to the activating influence of the basal ganglia on the cerebral cortex. The main or cardinal symptoms are: hypokinesia, muscular rigidity, postural instability, tremor or trembling, general stiffness and disruption of posture and movements. The disease is associated with the gradual death of motor nerve cells – the neurons that produce dopamine, which is why the regulation of movements and muscle tone is disturbed. Parkinsonism affects about one in every 100 people aged 60 years and above. In men it is more common than in women);
- Progestins (or gestagens – a subclass of steroid hormones, mainly produced by the corpus luteum of the ovaries, as well as the placenta of the fetus and the adrenal cortex). Progestins have many functions: in women, the function of progestins is primarily to ensure the possibility of the onset and continuation of pregnancy. Normal secretory endometrium in women, they cause the transition of the mucous membrane of the uterus to the secretory phase from proliferation, and after fertilization contribute to its transition into a state necessary for the development of a fertilized egg) with abnormal menstrual or birth control induced bleeding;
- Sedatives (or psycholeptics – chemically heterogeneous medicinal substances of synthetic or plant origin, which cause calming or reducing emotional stress without a hypnotic effect). At the same time, sedatives help to facilitate and deepen natural sleep. In comparison with modern tranquilizers, especially benzodiazepines, sedatives less pronounced antiphobic and soothing effect, do not cause miorelaxation and ataxia. They boast high tolerability and lack of serum which allows them to be used in everyday outpatient practice, most often in the treatment of elderly patients. Often, plant remedies are used as sedatives: preparations of valerian, motherwort, peppermint, bromide. Some hypnotics are also used as sedatives small doses – for example, barbiturates). Prolonged use of sleeping pills as sedatives is not recommended) with anxiety.
Theophylline for the treatment of asthma or other lung diseases
The drug belongs to the class of tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs, tricyclics). Antidepressants in general are psychotropic drugs primarily used to treat depression. In patients with depression, they improve the mood, relieve or reduce lethargy, melancholy, anxiety, apathy, emotional stress, have a timoleptic effect on the patient – that is, they increase mental activity, normalize appetite and sleep duration. All tricyclic antidepressants have three rings joined together in a molecule, although the structure of these rings and the radicals attached to the rings can be quite different. Tricyclics block the presynaptic membrane by the reuptake of neurotransmitters – primarily norepinephrine and serotonin.
They are prescribed in the treatment of severe and moderate endogenous depression with psychomotor and somatic symptoms Many TCAs are characterized by the ability to quickly restore sleep deprivation in depressed patients. In the class of tricycles there are two subclasses that differ in their chemical structure: they are tricyclics, which are tertiary amines, and tricyclics, which are secondary amines. Many of the tricyclics of the subgroup of secondary amines remain active metabolites of tertiary amines formed from them in the body. For example, desipramine is one of the active metabolites of Imipramine, Nortriptyline is an active metabolite of Amitriptyline).
If a patient thinks that one of the currently taken medicines may be the cause of heartburn, he or she needs to talk to the attending physician about it. Never change or stop taking medication without consulting a doctor.
4. Do not work out after eating
Some intensive exercises like running after a meal or exercises where leaning forward is involved get in the way of digestive processes and can cause reflux of food ingested into the esophagus. The results are well known: acid reflux and / or heartburn. What to do: Forget about too much effort right after eating. And prefer a walk at a moderate pace that improves digestion.
5. White wine and soft drinks: not too much!
Wine, aperitifs… Alcohol increases the production of gastric juices and makes the contents of the stomach more acidic. ‘Alcohol also relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter. As a result, foods are more prone to go back to the esophagus causing burns and acidity. Other drinks at risk: soft drinks (sodas, water, etc.). They increase the amount of air in the stomach and compress the muscle that protects the esophagus from acid reflux.
6. Do not eat too much!
Meals that are too rich with large amounts reduce the tone of the esophageal sphincter, the muscle that prevents food from moving up from the stomach to the esophagus. They also delay the absorption of the bolus, which by staying longer in the stomach, excessively stimulates the production of acids.
What to do: Eat slowly, avoid heavy meals in the evening, and do not drink too much during meals to avoid creating extra volume in the stomach.
7. Lose weight to get rid of heartburn
Overweight and obesity are also risk factors for gastroesophageal reflux. Various studies have shown that weight loss in the event of obesity or obesity lastingly helped reduce the symptoms of heartburn. Excess weight can promote heartburn. The loss of a few pounds can be enough to get rid of heartburn. Heartburn, which affects many of us, can be strongly related to our weight, giving the advantage to the slimmer ones. Indeed, the more the weight increases, the more the risk of suffering from heartburn increases and more the symptoms are frequent.
Weight reduction is also part of the instructions that can help reduce heartburn. A new study confirms the link between the occurrence of gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms and weight, suggesting that any weight loss is beneficial in reducing acid reflux. It is also the first study to show that weight changes, even in people of normal weight, influence the symptoms of gastro-esophageal reflux.
For this demonstration, the researchers used the cohort of nurses from the famous Nurses’ Health Study (10,000 nurses aged 30 to 55), followed since 1976. Heartburn, which affects many of us, would be strongly related to our weight, giving the advantage to the slimmer ones. Indeed, the more the weight increases, the more the risk of suffering from heartburn increases and more the symptoms are frequent.
The body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the weight (kg) by the height (m) squared (ex: a 83 kg man measuring 1 m 90 has a BMI of 22.3, or 83 divided two times 1.90).
BMI less than 18.5: underweight
BMI between 18.5 and 24.9: normal weight
BMI between 25 and 29.9: overweight
BMI greater than 30: obesity
The body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the weight (kg) by the height (m) squared (ex: a 83 kg man measuring 1 m 90 has a BMI of 22.3, or 83 divided two times 1.90).
8. How to get rid of heartburn by quitting smoking and drinking
Reflux and acidity, also called pyrosis, are common symptoms of gastro-esophageal reflux disease. The predisposing factors are represented by over-abundant meals, hard-to-digest food, stress, medication or a few too many glasses. But cigarette smoking is also an important risk factor. If the subject does not present alarming symptoms, which must be carefully evaluated by the attending physician, such as difficulty eating, weight loss, vomiting, and is under 45, the suggestion is to correct bad eating habits, primarily to abolish cigarette smoking and the intake of all forms of alcohol.
If this is not sufficient, there is an indication to perform a therapeutic treatment with antacids or inhibitors of gastric acid secretion. Only in cases that do not respond to the therapy and to the corrections of eating habits or voluptuous or presenting symptoms of alarm (weight loss, difficulty in eating, vomiting, etc.) there is an indication to perform an esophagogastroduodenoscopia to assess the presence of lesions of the esophagus or stomach.
Certain lifestyle habits increase the risk of suffering from heartburn, including smoking. Daily consumption of cigarettes greatly increases the risk of heartburn. In a smoker, the healing of lesions in the esophagus is slowed by smoking. The functioning of the sphincter is also affected.
Coffee and cigarettes are aggravating factors: smoking is a factor aggravating heartburn because tobacco has a direct action on the gastric mucosa, nicotine and tar will have a deleterious effect on the mucous membrane and cause gastric pain and. The effect of coffee is more controversial, but a number of foods reduce the speed of gastric emptying, and sadly, coffee is on this list.
Tobacco increases acidity in the stomach, limits the secretion of saliva and promotes weakness of the stomach lining, leading to acid reflux.
What to do: Better to stop smoking. Among the means at your disposal: nicotine substitutes (patches, tablets, chewing gum), personalized monitoring by a tobaccoologist, hypnosis sessions or acupuncture.
It is also necessary to limit the consumption of alcohol which has the effect of increasing the production of acidity in the stomach. If you want to consume an alcoholic beverage, preferably during meals, to limit the secretion of gastric juices.
At the gastric level, ethyl alcohol has a markedly deleterious function; it can give rise to both acute and chronic complications, the manifestation of which depends above all on the level of individual predisposition and the presence of other inadequate behavior (poor diet, smoking, nervousness, etc.).
The most frequent complications of ethyl-induced gastritis are acute and chronic; among the acute ones it is possible to find gastric bleeding identifiable with the onset of blood vomiting, while in the long term, the presence of mucous pathologies can chronicize facilitating the onset of gastric carcinoma.
10. How to get rid of heartburn with tips from psychosomatics
Probably easier said than done! In case of heartburn, it is advisable to soothe stress and stress that aggravate the pain. If you live in a particularly stressful situation, try to relax with soft music, during a relaxation session or going for a walk outside.
More than a true inflammation of the stomach, gastritis is an irritation of the gastric mucosa, which is a milder inflammatory form. The reason is the fact that it is not caused by external agents, such as the bacterium helicobacter pylori, the abuse is anti-inflammatory drugs, alcohol and smoking, but stress and nervousness that, in some people, tend to increase production of gastric juices.
The main symptoms are: burning, hyperacidity, digestive difficulties and abdominal pain. The latter can take various forms, manifesting itself with the stomach or strange feelings of ‘emptiness’ that remind the hunger pangs, but which are actually painful cramps.
To digest well means to feel satisfied and satisfied, and not just because a good digestion provides the substances that body and mind need: feeling satisfied also means savoring the pleasure of abandoning oneself, letting go, enjoying calms and tranquility. It is the symbol of self and satisfaction. This is why, on the opposite side, those suffering from gastritis (inflammation of the gastric mucosa) and reflux (the acids contained in the stomach go back into the esophagus) experience a burning physical pain and digests badly, compromising the pleasure associated with food and conviviality.
Having chronic digestive difficulties makes the meal a dreaded moment to be faced with extreme care: what, how, when and also with whomever you eat, is evaluated in a meticulous way. The same attention is paid to postprandial symptoms, in the watchful waiting to verify the onset or less of the pains in order to intervene adequately and soothe them. It is easy to understand how this can open the door to anxiety, triggering a vicious circle: more anxiety equals more acidity, more acidity equals more anxiety.
That’s why we must remove, or rather limit as much as possible, the main sources of stress from our lives, not only those of the table, but also relational and professional, as the psychosomatics Our friend has always taught, and those who suffer like her should start to eliminate the labels that you put on: ‘closed, timid, introverted, intolerant to relationships’.
These are what condition it. Stop controlling what others do, do not ruminate about the past, try to relax, give in, find what gives you pleasure and welcome life as it is: this is what gastritis is asking for. An attitude that day by day will help you to say what you think, avoiding swallowing or keeping it inside of you, along with food and air that inevitably swell stomach and belly.
Gastritis and reflux arise from excess tension. To ease this state that literally closes the pit of the stomach, performing regular physical activity helps. Walking at a regular pace, running, doing gymnastics, cycling or dancing are all disciplines that bring the body and muscles to the fore by loosening the grip of thoughts: this is the first step to be taken to free up accumulation and retain only what is really essential for one’s life.
Anger and anxiety are the two emotions that characterize gastric disorders. Do the symptoms speak of burning and inflammation and what burns and inflames more than frustration and unexpressed aggression? And when we are anxious and the breath becomes frenetic, how much air in excess do we store to cope with events and counteract the feeling of imminent end? And that same air, it ends up right in the belly.
This is why every time we do not give space ‘outside of us’ to these two emotions, they will inevitably become space within us, in the stomach, waiting to be digested, assimilated and expelled; just like the food that does not go down and tries in every way to get back on.
11. How to choose a perfect antacid to fight heartburn
Antacids are useful when heartburn is rare, once or twice a year. When this is more violent, it is better to take antisecretory ones. Antacids act by neutralizing the acids secreted by the stomach. But their action is short-lived. The more efficient antisecretory drugs block the action of certain receptors that stimulate the acid secretion of the stomach. Contraindications: These medications may slow the absorption of other medications such as antibiotics and therefore reduce their effectiveness. Ask a pharmacist for advice.
Being a disorder that can be caused by causes of various origins and nature, the treatment of heartburn can vary from patient to patient. Therefore, it is clear how important it is to identify first of all the triggering factor that has led to the onset of this disorder.
However, it can be said that the main drugs used to treat stomach acid are the so-called antacids. These drugs exert their activity through the temporary neutralization of excessive acidity in the stomach, but without altering the production of hydrochloric acid by the gastric cells. For this reason, this type of medication is mostly useful in cases of sporadic stomach acidity as mentioned above, perhaps caused by overly abundant meals or by the consumption of hardly digestible food.
Keep in mind though that when stomach acid is caused by more serious diseases, then the doctor may consider it necessary to use drugs that can directly interfere with the production of hydrochloric acid at the gastric level, or able to protect the stomach wall from the excessive acidic environment. We are talking about the so-called gastroprotective drugs, among which we find the proton pump inhibitors, the H2 antihistamines and the cytoprotective agents.
As mentioned, antacid drugs perform their action by temporarily neutralizing stomach acid and do not affect the production of hydrochloric acid in any way. Among the antacids most used in therapy, there are: sodium bicarbonate pills: this salt is one of the most commonly used to counter stomach acid. It is available in powder or in effervescent granules. Usually, it is recommended to take two coffee spoons of product to be dissolved in water beforehand.
Aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide: these compounds are always used in combination. They are available in various pharmaceutical formulations, including chewable tablets and oral suspension. When used in the form of chewable tablets, it is recommended to take one or two tablets (containing 400 mg of aluminum hydroxide and 400 mg of magnesium hydroxide) three to four times daily.
Antacids do not have a real anti-ulcer activity but can be used as additional drugs, as they are useful for temporarily buffering gastric acidity. For this reason they are also used in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux and to alleviate the problems caused by poor digestion.
To be really safe and effective, an antacid drug should possess some basic characteristics. From the chemical point of view, it should first act as a weak base, which is therefore able to counteract the gastric acidity but without raising the pH too much. If not, it would cause the so-called ‘acid rebound’, a condition where, when a drug raises the pH of the stomach over a certain threshold (4-5), it is asserted, once its effect is exhausted, a strong secretion compensatory of hydrochloric acid (reflected acidity).
The second important characteristic of an antacid drug is its duration of action, which should be equal to or greater than three hours. Furthermore, antacid drugs must not be absorbed to prevent their action from becoming systemic, i.e. extended to the whole organism (they would dangerously alter the pH of blood and other body compartments).
Finally, antacids should not alter the normal motility of the gastrointestinal apparatus (the characteristic peristaltic movements which, when increased or slowed down, respectively give rise to diarrhea and constipation). There are at least fifty antacid drugs on the market, we will have a look at the most common.
The most traditional is sodium bicarbonate – NaHCO3 – which is certainly not the best antacid, even if it has the great advantage of acting quickly. Among the negative characteristics we mention first of all the short duration of action, with the consequent need for frequent administration. The repeated ingestion of bicarbonate leads to the introduction of high amounts of sodium, which is easily absorbed creating a dangerous (hypersodemia) condition especially for those suffering from hypertension.
The carbon dioxide that develops (NaHCO3 + HCl → NaCl + H2O + CO2) also causes an annoying sense of swelling. Since gastric secretion is stimulated by the dilation of the stomach, the CO2 produced goes to trigger a reflex mechanism, mediated by the gastrin hormone, which increases the production of hydrochloric acid (it is a bit like the dog biting its own tail).
Ultimately, therefore, sodium bicarbonate can possibly be used to temporarily reduce gastric acidity, for example after a meal, but its use should not be transformed into common practice. Worse if it is used as a ‘do it yourself’ remedy without first consulting a doctor to ascertain the source of the problem.
Calcium carbonate -CaCO3- has a slightly longer lasting action than sodium bicarbonate; similarly to it, when placed in an aqueous environment, however, gives rise to carbon dioxide; furthermore, prolonged consumption can slow down intestinal motility causing constipation.
Magnesium hydrate and aluminum hydrate
Other weak bases used as antacids are the magnesium hydrate Mg (OH) 2 and the aluminum hydrate Al (OH) 3. Compared to the previous ones, these antacid drugs have some advantageous characteristics, such as longer duration (3-4 hours) of reduced absorption.
The main side effects are due to their ability to negatively affect intestinal motility, increasing it, then triggering an annoying diarrhea (magnesium hydrate) or inhibiting it causing constipation (aluminum hydrate). For this reason the two antacid drugs are often used at the same time, in order to balance their effects. The best known product that exploits the action is the Maalox, where MA stands for magnesium, AL for aluminum and OX for hydrate.
The recommended intake dose is 400 mg of magnesium hydrate and 400 mg of aluminum hydrate, for a total of 800 mg per tablet, to be taken once or twice a day. The most used drugs are chewable tablets or to be dissolved in the mouth, even if the most suitable form is the oral suspension, because it has a higher speed of action.
12. How to get rid of heartburn with herbs
Different herbs and herbs can reduce the pain associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease such as licorice, turmeric or marshmallow.
Licorice root contains glycyrrhizin with therapeutic effects. The effectiveness of this plant in the treatment of digestive disorders and stomach ulcers has been demonstrated by scientific research1-2.
Dried roots: from 5 g to 15 g per day, 3 times a day, to be taken after each meal in the form of powder, infusion or decoction (from 2 g to 5 g in 150 ml of water).
Total liquid extract 1g / ml: from 2ml to 4ml, 3 times a day, after meals.
Dry total extract 6g / g: 330 mg to 800 mg, 3 times daily, after meals.
Deglycyrrhizin extract – DGL: this extract, from which glycyrrhizin has been removed, is mainly used to treat gastric or duodenal ulcers as well as intestinal inflammations. Chew 1 to 2 tablets, 3 times a day, 20 minutes before meals. In case of acute attack of a stomach ulcer or duodenum, take 2 to 4 tablets, 3 times a day, 20 minutes before meals.
Turmeric also helps fight against digestive disorders. Some substances found in turmeric, curcuminoids, have a strong antioxidant action. It is from these antioxidants that would come the benefits attributed to turmeric.
Rhizome dried powder: Take 1.5 g to 3 g (½ teaspoon to 1 teaspoon) per day, which corresponds to about 60 mg to 200 mg of curcuminoids.
Infusion: Infuse 1 g to 1.5 g of rhizome powder in 150 ml of boiling water for 10 to 15 minutes. Drink 2 cups a day.
Fluid extract: Take 1.5 ml to 3 ml daily.
Tincture: Take 10 ml daily.
Recognized for its softening properties that treat different types of inflammation and irritation, marshmallow is a plant with a high content of pectin and mucilage. These compounds help relieve the lining of the digestive system by protecting the tissues from acidity.
Consume one cup of boiled water (200 ml) containing 2g of dried marshmallow root.
Sum-up tips on how to get rid of heartburn
As a way of recapping all said above, here are some good tips on what can be done to prevent heartburn from occurring.
- Do not eat too big meals. Particularly important to consider if you are looking forward to a long and pleasant night’s sleep. Large portions increase the pressure in the abdomen. Eat smaller portions often.
- Avoid highly seasoned or fatty foods. The stomach is difficult to process such diets and has trouble keeping close to the esophagus.
- Pull down properly on the coffee drink. Too many cups of coffee increases the production of hydrochloric acid.
- Avoid stress, especially before meal. See instead to eat in peace and enjoy the meal!
- Do not drink too much fluid at meals, then the stomach is stretched out more than necessary. It may be better to drink between meals.
- Avoid taking a nap after the food. The stomach sweeps more easily into the esophagus if you bend down or lie down. Let it take at least a couple of hours between meal and landscape.
- Milk and yogurt are usually good products that can relieve the heartburn.
- Avoid carbonated drinks, fruit juice and citrus fruits that can easily exacerbate the symptoms.
- Sleep with your head high. Try to raise the head of the bed, for example, with a pair of books, pillows or boards.
- Avoid tight clothing.
- Last but definitely not least: stop smoking and avoid alcohol!