Fertility Experts On How To Get Pregnant: Timing, Nutrition, Positions, Baby Gender, Male Fertility, Fast Results

How to get pregnant? If after months of unfruitful attempts you begin to think you are sterile, here’s what you need to do to increase the chances of conception.

How to get pregnant

How do you become pregnant

It’s been months since you started trying to have a baby, but you can not get pregnant and start asking yourself serious questions: is you or your partner sterile? Why cannot I get pregnant? What are the causes of conception difficulty? And, finally, how to get pregnant?

First of all, breathe deeply and relaxed. It is very important not to stress out because recent studies have shown that stress can adversely affect fertility and the onset of a pregnancy. Also, to facilitate conception, it is very important to take care of yourself, your health, your body, and ask your partner to do the same. Try to adopt a healthy lifestyle: do not smoke and maintain a standard weight (both being obese and too underweight causes hormonal imbalances that undermine fertility).

You also need to know that getting pregnant is not as easy as it is believed. Only 25% of women are pregnant in the first month of attempts, 60% succeeds after three months of unprotected sexual intercourse, and most women are able to get pregnant within one year of the first attempt. After 12 months of unsuccessful attempts – which go down to 6 months if you are over 35 – it is advisable to talk to the gynecologist to evaluate what to do to increase the chances of getting pregnant and to take any examinations to clarify the situation.

I can not get pregnant: am I sterile?

It is the question of practically all women who after a few months of unprotected sex cannot crown their maternity dream. But it does not mean that you have fertility issues. It is estimated that one third of the cases of fertility problems are attributable to the woman, another third is caused by problems or anomalies in the seminal fluid, and the remaining cases are linked to inexplicable infertility. And in these cases you can implement a number of strategies and strategies to improve your fertility and that of your partner and increase the chances of conception.

First, you do not have to drive your head into the wall if after a month of attempts the baby does not arrive, in fact, sterility is diagnosed in the absence of conception after a year of unprotected sex, and in one year provided that  you have sex every day of it, and above all, if you are certain that you have sex during your every fertile day of the cycle.

Human fertility is the ability for a man and a woman to conceive a child as a result of sexual intercourse. The main organs of fertility are the male genital apparatus and female genital apparatus, but they work under the control of the central nervous system, so they are modulated in their functioning by all external and internal stimuli reaching man and woman . Human fertility concerns all man and woman in the whole of their person. The function of genital devices can be impaired by both organ organ dysfunction and because of difficulties affecting the whole organism (e.g.: tiredness or stress can reduce sperm production by the testes in humans or delay or Blocking ovulation maturity in women).

Factors affecting fertility:

  • Age: fertility is at its maximum at 20-25 years. It decreases progressively from 26 years, and significantly by 38 years. However, this trend varies from woman to woman, somewhat different as the date of first menstruation or the onset of menopause: some are still fertile at 45, others are no more than 38
  • Weight: Anorexia is one of the causes of infertility. But too many pounds or too much weight swings can cause alterations in ovulation
  • Hygiene of life: Smoking and alcohol abuse cause ovulation of bad quality and also affect sperm production
  • Stress: Stress can damage the ovulation, or even block it. In fact, the ovaries are controlled by the pituitary, which is directly linked to the cerebral function.

Conception depends on so many factors, such as general health conditions, lifestyle, frequency of relationships, and age. As time goes on, eggs tend to lose both vitality and ability to develop properly to produce normal embryos. Fertility and age are inversely proportional: at twenty years a woman has 35 percent chance of getting pregnant for every month of unprotected sexual intercourse, at thirty forty percent and forty she goes down to 10. Spirals, past interruptions of pregnancy, genital infections, endometriosis, hormonal imbalances, or abnormalities of the reproductive system are common causes of female sterility.

When you can talk about sterility

When you can talk about sterilityAfter twelve months of unnecessary attempts, you start investigating, in order to complete them within 12-18 months. A blood test is carried out to evaluate hormonal levels, an ultrasound screening, if necessary, a hystoscopy and a laparoscopy. Women have the greatest sacrifices in terms of health, time, physical and psychological suffering both during the investigations and in the stages of preparation for assisted conception. Compared to men, diagnosis procedures are more annoying until they require the use of general anesthesia with the complications that may arise.

Concept of fertile period or fertile window

Ovulation and fertility are two concepts of the female world that are closely dependent, as in women the moment of ovulation coincides with the period of maximum fertility. Therefore, for a woman, to know the day when the ovulatory phase occurs is to know when there is the highest probability of getting pregnant.

Concept of fertile period or fertile windowWithin the menstrual cycle, ovulation is a strictly defined phase, as it does not only represent the moment when the mature egg cell detaches from the follicle in the direction of one of the two fallopian tubes, but is also the peak period Hormonal elevation. This tremendous presence of hormones in the body is responsible for consequences, which, by careful analysis, are detectable and recognizable.

For a woman, the fertile period (or fertile window) is that time, during the menstrual cycle, where a sexual relationship is the most likely to lead to a pregnancy. The fertile period has a total duration of 6 days. Begins 5 days before the day and is culminated with ovulation, not only in terms of time (sixth day), but also in terms of fertility (as has been said, is the time of maximum fertility).

Before and after the fertile period, the hopes that a sexual relationship leads to a pregnancy are very low, in some days even close to zero. Both before and after the fertile window, the probabilities of conception vary (in the first case they increase, while in the second they decrease) within a few hours (12-24 hours).

The phases that make up the ovulation (follicular, ovulatory, and lutheal) are almost never defined, but tend to overlap. It is for this reason that their total temporal sum does not generally exceed the 28 days of the menstrual cycle.

However, it is crucial to remember that each woman ovules (i.e. releases the egg cell mature in Fallopian tubes) according to their physiological times. This means that it is incorrect to assume that ovulation always occurs on the 14th day of the menstrual cycle (remember that the menstrual cycle begins with the first day of menstruation), rely solely on this theory in order to obtain (or avoid) a pregnancy.

In light of this, what is the best way to calculate the exact moment of ovulation? For a woman, one of the best strategies for knowing the day of her ovulation is to consider the last stage of venomousness: the lutheal phase.

The lutheal phase always lasts 14 or 15 days, even when the cycle undergoes time-varying changes (i.e. longer or shorter than normal), and begins after the ovulatory phase. So, to calculate with precision the possible date of ovulation, it is enough to subtract the 14-15 days of the lutheal phase to the total average length of the menstrual cycle (N.B: every woman knows more or less how long she lives in her menstrual cycle).

In practical terms, if the average duration of the menstrual cycle is canonical (28 days), the calculation to be performed is: 28-14 = 14. From this it follows that the 14th day of the menstrual cycle will most likely be the day of ovulation and the previous days will be the other important moments of the fertile period. Important note: as a contraceptive method, the calculation of ovulation based on the lutheal phase is unreliable.

Indeed, it reminds readers that every woman ovules her own way and that the possibilities of conception, outside the fertile window, are low and not equal to zero (except for a few days). The most common alternatives to a 28-day menstrual cycle are a menstrual cycle of 35 days and a 21-day menstrual cycle. In the case of the first alternative, the calculation of ovulation based on the lutheal phase (35-14) indicates that the 21st day of the menstrual cycle is the one in which ovulation occurs (with days 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 which ‘open’ the fertile window).

In the case of the second alternative, however, the calculation of the ovulatory phase based on the lutheal phase (21-14) states that day 7 of the menstrual cycle is the day of ovulation (with the few days before starting the fertile window). In most women, ovulation is responsible for specific signs and symptoms. Some of these signs and symptoms appear a few days before the ovulation stage, while others appear only on the day before or on the same day. Symptomatic ovulation varies from woman to woman intensity, but generally includes the same manifestations.

By entering the details, the signs and symptoms associated with ovulation consist of:

Cramps and abdominal pain

  1. Changes in cervical-vaginal secretions. With the arrival of the ovulatory phase, cervico-vaginal secretions change their texture, resulting in more fluid and creamy. Using a comparison, they have a consistency similar to that of raw bovine broth. In addition, they become considerably more abundant (mainly increases the secretion of cervical mucus) and take on a light color. According to the experts, the variation of cervico-vaginal secretions would be the most indicative sign of the ovulation phase.
  2. Changes in basal body temperature. With ovulation, basal body temperature increases by a few tenths of degrees (from 3 to 5 tenths of a degree). To cause this increase in temperature is progesterone, a female sexual hormone whose secretion undergoes a remarkable increase immediately after ovulation. For a woman to determine the moment of change in body temperature during the menstrual cycle, it can be a good way of identifying the likely day of ovulation (see table below). Based on reliable scientific studies, experts believe that days of increased fertility coincide with 2-3 days prior to body temperature increase.
  3. Changes in the uterine cervix. The uterine cervix becomes softer and ‘open’, as if it should facilitate any conception.
  4. Cramps and abdominal pain. Typically, they locate at the lower abdomen, at the ovary from which the ovum will collapse.
  5. The pain that characterizes ovulation is called mittelschmerz. ‘Mittelschmerz’ is a German term that can be translated in English as ‘middle pain’, which refers to the characteristic abdominal pain that occurs halfway through the menstrual cycle. According to experts, mittelschmerz is a good way to ‘self-diagnose’ the state of ovulation.
  6. Increase in sexual desire. In days of increased fertility, women tend to manifest an increase in sexual libido.
  7. Breast consistency changes. Because of the increase in hormonal levels, typically occurring after the ovulation stage and which serves to prepare the body for a potential pregnancy, the breast becomes softer.

Generally speaking, for the first three items (variation in cervical-vaginal secretions, etc.), doctors speak of symptoms and primary signs of ovulation, while, for subsequent rumors, symptoms and secondary signs of ovulation.

To determine the moment of change in body temperature that characterizes ovulation, a woman can use the following strategy:

Measure daily, starting from the first day of the menstrual cycle, the body temperature, through a digital thermometer or a thermometer specifically designed for body temperature measurement at the vaginal level. The ideal time for measurements is in the morning before getting out of bed.
Write down the data for each measurement on a sheet of millimeter paper or spreadsheet to get a thermal curve that reflects the body temperature trend during the menstrual cycle.

Analyze the thermal curve and identify the time when there was a change in body temperature, which represents ovulation and the fertile period of the menstrual cycle.

Body temperature monitoring, with the construction of a thermal curve, is a good way of understanding when the fertile period ends, but has at least a few drawbacks (if you want to call it as such):

  1. The first drawback is that it is a help for a pregnancy or for a natural contraception only from the next menstrual cycle. Moreover, as long as the thermal curve is not built, it is not possible to make any predictions.
  2. The second disadvantage is that it requires some regularity from the menstrual cycle. In fact, if the latter tends to vary, the calendar of body temperature variations will always be different.

What are the signs and symptoms of the post-ovulation phase? Like days before ovulation, even the days following the ovulatory phase involve some characteristic signs and symptoms.

Among these signs and symptoms are:

  • Decreasing sexual desire. Women observe a noticeable decline in libido.
  • Changes in cervical-vaginal secretions and decreased production.
  • Cervical-vaginal secretions become more viscous and sticky, and are much less abundant. In some women, they may even disappear altogether.
  • An increase in basal body temperature. As already discussed, the phenomenon of ovulation increases body temperature, which is reduced again with the beginning of a new menstrual cycle.
  • Tension and / or breast pain.

Lifestyle and fertility

In a woman, a healthy lifestyle can help not insignificantly increase fertility.

For example, it may be important:

  • Keep your weight in check. Overweight (obesity) or underweight can significantly affect the production of sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone) and compromise normal ovulation. It is statistically proven that maintaining weight in the standard can increase the rate of ovulation and the chance of pregnancy.weight in check
  • Prevent sexually transmitted infections. Sexually transmitted infections (e.g. chlamydia and gonorrhea) are among the main causes of infertility, both for men and women. To protect yourself from these infections, safe sex practice is indispensable, using barrier contraceptive methods such as condoms.
  • Adopting a healthy diet regime. There is no specific diet that can promote fertility or increase conception possibilities. However, the adoption of a healthy diet can certainly help with these intentions. Good nutrition may also include the use of some supplements, which include particular vitamins, such as folic acid.
  • Program regular gynecologist visits. Regular medical checkups can help detect and treat health conditions that could threaten fertility.
    Manage stress. According to some studies, stress would reduce the likelihood of conception and would have a significant negative impact on female fertility. Consequently, it is advisable to reduce it to a minimum.
  • Do not smoke. According to different research, cigarette smoking would induce premature ejaculation of egg cells (early menopause).
    Limit the intake of alcohol. Alcohol interferes with the good functioning of the hypothalamus, pituitary and ovary glands, which regulate the production of sexual hormones.
  • Minimize caffeine intake. Too much caffeine can increase estrogen production or alter estrogen metabolism, which has negative effects on ovulation and fertility. Therefore, it is advisable to limit the daily intake of caffeine up to 200 milligrams per day (equivalent to approximately 240 milliliters or, if preferred, to three espresso coffee).
  • Avoid intense physical activity. Physical activity is an important part when it comes to healthy lifestyle. However, scientific studies have shown that in a woman too intense aerobic activity is harmful to the body as it can reduce fertility by inhibition of ovulation and progesterone production. In order to avoid the above-mentioned complications, a woman whose weight is normal should be limited to no more than 7 hours of aerobic training per week.
  • Avoid exposure to toxic substances. Exposure to certain chemicals or pollutants may compromise fertility. Such a disadvantage is mainly found in women who work in the pharmaceutical or chemical industry, women who work in the agricultural sector, hairdressers etc. Under such circumstances, occupational risk could cause menstrual cycle disorders, such as altering ovulation and fertility.

The ovulation test is a very useful tool to locate fertile menstrual cycle days, so they are best suited for achieving a pregnancy. The method should be repeated for a few days, considering the date that ovulation is most likely to occur. When a positive outcome is found, it means that the luteinizing hormone (LH) has reached a high concentration, so the ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle is imminent and is in the most fertile time.

If you want to get pregnant, then you can have unprotected reports from the same day that the ovulation test is positive. The execution is similar to that of the pregnancy test: it is a stick that is placed under the urine flow for a few seconds. Then the container is closed with the cap and waits for the response in the next few minutes.

How to recognize your fertile days?

When you want a child and you find yourself waiting anxiously for a pregnancy, it is very important to know your fertile period, and to understand when there is ovulation, during which conception may occur. Knowing the functioning of your body, reproductive system and menstrual cycle allows you to increase your chances of getting pregnant but also trying to avoid pregnancy. However, it is good to remember that if you do not want to have a baby it is very important to use a contraceptive instead of relying on the calculation of the days of ovulation if pregnancy is not in your plans.

The most frequent questions associated with getting pregnant is: ‘What are the fertile days, how can I tell them?’ ‘How can I figure out what is the best time to have a baby?’ The term ‘fertile days’ refers to the days when the woman has ovulated and hence the meeting between the ovum and the sperm may occur. It is usually five days that include those immediately before and immediately after the day of ovulation.

Ogino-Knaus Method. To increase chances of getting pregnant during the fertile period, it is possible to calculate fertile days using the Ogino-Knaus method, which is a probabilistic calculation method based on the duration of the cycle.

First of all, it is very important for you to know your body and your menstrual cycle so that you can understand what the fertile period is and what you are ovulating. You can measure the baseline temperature, or examine the quality of the cervical mucus or simply calculate which days are the most fertile days on a calendar. In this regard, small computers or stickers calculating ovulation exist on the market.

Ovulation normally occurs 14 days before menstruation.

A simple calculation is made: Number of cycle days -14 = day of ovulation occurring. Then 28 - 14 = 14, 35 - 14 = 21, and so on; Then in a 28-day cycle ovulation occurs after 14 days from the first day of menstruation - in many abbreviations in ‘pm’ that is post-menstruation-; In a cycle of 30 days the ovulation will occur after about 16 days ‘pm’; In a cycle of 32 days after 18 days from menstruation;

For shorter or longer cycles

If the cycle lasts 21 days, then it is shorter than the average of 28 days, then ovulation will occur first. For example, if the first day of the cycle was October 31, the fertile period will be between 3 and 9 November (the days of maximum fertility will be between November 5 and November 8). If the cycle is usually longer, for example 30 days, then these will be fertile days: from November 11 to November 19 with a fertility peak between November 14 and November 18.

Ovulation occurs around the fourteenth day of the menstrual cycle, at an increase in LH hormones and estrogen, and is the time when ovulation is excreted by the ovaries. The fertile period lasts a maximum of five days; Spermatozoa can survive in the uterus for 72 hours while the oocyte can only be fertilized within 24-48 hours. As mentioned above, during a 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation usually occurs on the 14th day but in the case of longer or shorter menstrual cycles, the fertile period also changes.

Calculation of fertile days with irregular cycle

Not all women have a regular cycle. In fact, in some cases there may be sporadic or frequent variations and irregularities that make it more difficult to calculate the fertile period. In these cases, it may be helpful to pay attention to some signs and changes in our body. A technique for calculating fertile days with an irregular cycle may be the observation of the cervical mucus, which changes color and consistency throughout the cycle. However, you should remember that it is not 100% trustworthy and safe.

One of such ways is to learn to tell your cycle day by the cervical mucus. The cervical mucus during the fertile period undergoes changes in quantity and consistency. Generally, the cervical mucus may appear sticky or creamy (sometimes it is completely absent) while in the fertile period, on the days of ovulation, the secretion is more abundant, transparent and watery and can extend up to 7/8 inches between the fingers.

When ovulation occurs, the cervical mucus becomes thicker, whiter, and thick until it reaches the next menses. Changes in cervical mucus are one of the most accurate indicators of fertile days. Therefore, if you are looking for a pregnancy, it may be helpful to have sexual relations on the days when these changes are identified.

Similarly to changes in the cervical mucus, the position of the cervix changes during the fertile period. In these days, in fact, the cervix moves higher and becomes softer and more open. To check the position of the cervix you need to know your body well to find differences that are often minimal. Among other symptoms of ovulation in progress, there is also low back pain.

There are other methods for obtaining a more accurate fertility and ovulation calculation, so scroll down.

Basal temperature. The method is to calculate basal temperature variations to determine the fertile period. The temperature should be measured in the morning before going to bed. Just remember that during the fertile period the temperature undergoes a peak and stabilizes at 37 ° C, remaining unchanged until the appearance of the menstrual cycle.

Three days after the temperature rise the woman is in a highly fertile period. To find fertile days with this method, just have a thermometer and note the temperature variations daily. It should be borne in mind that this system does not allow us to know for sure when the fertile days will be, but we can only indicate that ovulation has occurred.

Stick and test to calculate the fertile period. How to get pregnant using stick and test to calculate ovulation? In the pharmacy you can buy stickers and digital systems useful for calculating a woman’s fertile period and evaluating the presence of some hormones responsible for ovulation. Thanks to these, it is possible to find exactly the fertile days. The operation of the kit is based on the analysis of the LH hormone present in larger quantities in urine during fertile days. These tests can be unreliable if you have an irregular menstrual cycle.

Stick and testIf you are trying to get pregnant, it may be useful to keep an ovulation calendar and a diary of your menstrual cycle to find the most fertile period to try to have a baby. Just score in a table that returns the days of the month on the arrival date of the menstrual period and then go ahead of 14 days to mark in red or an X the 4 fertile days between 14th and 18th: those will be fertile days.

But we also have to orange in the same two days immediately and later because the ovulation may not even occur on the 14th day but maybe a little before or a little later. There are also some apps that we can download on the smartphone and allow you to make a precise calculation of the days of ovulation.

First days after menstruation are referred to as non-fertile because the ovaries have not yet begun to change to ensure the ovulation expulsion and the endometrium is still subtle. After the menstruation, the whole process will begin again after a few days to the new ovulation: hypofisitis stimulates the production of FSH hormone, stimulating follicle), which in turn stimulates the development of some follicles that contain the egg cell and their production of estrogens.

If you want to get pregnant and have a regular cycle, the fertile days after the cycle are those between the 12th and 17th day of the cycle. Remember that women who have a shorter cycle can ovulate even five days after the cycle, and since sperm can survive in the tubes up to five days later, it may also become pregnant even during menstruation and immediately afterwards.

So you can get pregnant on non-fertile days? In most cases, in the first few days after the cycle, it is most likely that you are not fertile, but in any case it is not said: the cycle lasts, on average, 28 days but not in all women and not all the months. It is not a perfect mechanism that repeats identical every month and some variables and external factors can affect ovulation and also the ejecting date of the egg cell.

Signs of the fertile period

The most frequent signs that somehow indicate that ovulation is occurring are the following: mild ovary pain, vaginal discharge, increased sexual desire, change in the appearance and sensitivity of the breasts in fertile days. There are also some methods and symptoms of the fertile period that we can use to understand which is the best time to get pregnant more quickly.

As a matter of fact, you can be pregnant at any time of the month. Obviously, fertilization occurs when there is ovulation and usually ovulation, as we have said, occurs at mid-month. But in some cases you may have a double ovulation, or you may ovulate sooner or later. These ovulation alterations are more common in women over 35, when particular stress conditions or hormone abnormalities occur.

Even in this case is not a common fact: during the cycle it is difficult to ovulate and is generally the less fertile period of the month, but in the case of early ovulation or double ovulation it is also possible to get pregnant even during menstruation. Therefore, the presence of the menstrual cycle should not be considered as a contraceptive factor, especially if you are over 35 years of age.

You can get pregnant just after the cycle. It is possible to get pregnant both in the last days of the menstrual period and immediately afterwards, in this case ovulation will occur before it is expected, probably due to some anomalies or hormonal changes or related to stress and lifestyle factors.

It is possible to get pregnant on non-fertile days. If we consider fertile days those in which ovulation is occurring then it is not possible: for there is fertilization there must be ovulation. On fertile days there is no fecundable egg, so conception can not occur. It is therefore necessary to focus the relationships in the fertile period and there are signs that we can grasp that it makes us realize that we are ovulating: the breast is tense, the cervical mucus is abundant and flush.

In addition we can measure the basal temperature of our body and monitor it for a few months: near the ovulation the base temperature rises slightly.


Here’s some advice to the future mom on how to get pregnant in the healthiest way possible:

  • Care for your lifestyle, do not smoke, do not abuse coffee and alcohol and follow a healthy and varied diet;
  • Do physical activity and maintain a healthy weight;
  • Monitor your ovulation to find the most fertile days and concentrate relationships in those days;
  • Eventually, buy a stick to monitor ovulation that will tell you what the fertile period is on;
  • Do not stress and do not charge yourself or your partner with anxiety;
  • If you want to be quieter, book a visit and speak to your gynecologist: knowing that there is no problem or dysfunction will help you live the search for pregnancy more serenely.

What is implantation bleeding?

Above, we have referred to implantation bleeding as one of the signs of early pregnancy. Implantation bleeding is a blood loss that may occur at the beginning of pregnancy after about 10 days after conception. In a regular cycle, fertilization of the ovule occurs on average between 14 and 12 days before the menstruation. Once fertilized, the embryo runs through the tube until it reaches the uterus where it will choose the most suitable place for nesting and from there begin its development path that will last nine months.

The causes of the appearance of spotting at the same time as the embryo implantation process are still unknown. Probably this is the rupture of small blood vessels in the endometrium, or of blood left in the uterine cavity from previous menstruation, or of small traumas caused by the neck of the uterus, whose tissues have already been altered by the first pregnancy hormones during sexual intercourse.

implantation bleedingImplantation bleeding can be brown, reddish, red or white with red traces. The color difference is determined by how much time has passed from the plant. Dark or brown color indicates an old bleeding discharged from the uterus, and that the implantation of the embryo has occurred a few days before. While a lighter, lighter blood is the index of a more recent implantation. Even the consistency of the leaks can change, from watery and denser to the amount of vaginal mucus they contain.
Usually implantation bleeding e is not abundant, but it is about reading blood loss that is less intense than that of the menstrual cycle. Implantation bleeding is asymptomatic and does not cause any particular discomfort, unlike menstrual pains that are often disabling and forcing many women into bed or performing normal daily activities with more difficulty. Unlike the menstrual cycle, implantation bleeding have a very short duration. Generally, they are present for a few hours or maximum for a day. So their duration and the fact that they are not abundant can help us distinguish them from premenstrual spotting.

In any event, if you are not sure to recognize implantation bleeding, our advice is to test and contact a gynecologist to make sure you are pregnant.

App to calculate ovulation and fertile days

For addicted smartphones there are several App for Android and Apple useful to monitor ovulation and calculate the fertile period so as to increase the chances of getting pregnant. Among the most popular downloading applications that submit notifications when it’s time to start trying to have a baby women often quote Ovia Fertility and Flo menstrual cycle calendar.

For women who have a regular cycle, it is assumed that during menstruation and immediately afterwards they are not fertile. However, this is not always the case. In women who have the shortest cycle of ovulation can also take five days after the cycle and considering that sperm can survive in fallopian tubes up to five days you may become pregnant during menstruation and even afterwards.

How to get pregnant fast

If you want a child fast and it seems like a complicated thing, there must first be something clear: anxiety is a bad counselor. The more you want to have a child at once, and the more delusional you risk to get. The key is to keep calm and try on.

Here is what you can do, but without haste:

  • Subject to pre-design examinations
  • Take notice of ovulation
  • Measure the baseline temperature
  • Check in the lingerie if there is leakage from the plant
  • Use stickers to predict ovulation
  • Avoid lubricants that can make sperm less responsive
  • Have relationships before the ovulation

How to get pregnant naturally

If you are wondering how to get pregnant naturally, one of the best tips for getting pregnant and reducing anxiety is then to have targeted sexual relationships to be programmed during women’s fertile days. You can also go ahead and give a try to some of the time-tested and medically approved tips that we list below.

Positions to get pregnant easily

One of the frequently asked questions is the frequency of sexual intercourse. The advice is to make love often: sometimes you cannot get pregnant simply because you do not have frequent relationships, and maybe focus on these two or three days that are believed to be fertile. It is preferable to make love in the morning because sperm counts are highest and the stress level is very low, as compared to the evening, when the hard stressful day is behind and weighs both you and your partner somewhat down.


In general, there is no specific position to be taken during sexual intercourse for getting pregnant. However, the supine position is the one most recommended because it helps spermatozoa to reach their destination: the neck of the uterus.

Among the positions that allow for more penetration and help sperm to settle better near the cervix there are:

  1. Missionary position and its variants. This is the classic position in which the woman lies back on the bed while the man is on her. It is ideal for allowing semen to trace the uterine cavity. We recommend to place a cushion behind the back of the woman, at the height of the buttocks.
  2. The side position. Aligned by the side, he puts behind her and controls the rhythm and penetration that becomes more intense and deep. It also promotes sperm climbing towards the uterus.
  3. From behind, or doggie-style. In this position, the woman is on her knees and supports herself with her arms while the man is behind her. The penetration is deep and allows the sperm to make the way more easily towards the cervix.
    French position. Both partners are lying side by side with their legs slightly pulled to the chest. Man penetrates woman from behind.
  4. Boat position. Woman is lying on her back with her legs up and is supported by man. Man should acquire a relaxed position and not to make any effort, so he can relax and enjoy his partner’s moves. It is a position that stimulates G point by facilitating the orgasm and therefore the ascension of the sperm.
  5. Scissors position. In the position of scissors, man is relaxed and the woman kneels on him. She bends back to her partners feet. In this way vaginal stimulation is very intense and is ideal for men who suffer from premature ejaculation. Also in this position man gets more excited looking at his companion, and can stimulate her breasts or clitoris.

Another trick is to not stand up immediately after the end of the intercourse, stay in bed for half an hour, put a cushion under your hips. To make the journey of spermatozoa even easier after the intercourse, lie down for a while, holding your legs in the air, preferably leaning against the wall.

Positions to get pregnant easilyDo not urinate immediately after the intercourse. Although these ideas seem to work according to the word of mouth among moms, gynecologists remain skeptical and most are of the opinion that there are no favorable positions for conception since the spermatozoa are microscopic cells that immediately in contact with the female genitals start making their way upwards And this mechanism is not affected by the laws of gravity at all!

How to get pregnant at 40 years

When the desire for maternity arrives after the age of 40, the chances of crowning it diminish as it increases the pros and cons of a pregnancy. We know that according to statistics, the likelihood of conceiving a child is inferior to those of a 30-year-old woman. But what can you do to get pregnant at 40 or later?

pregnant at 40 yearsPlan a gynecological visit to evaluate the state of health and counseling on which route to undertake to prepare for a pregnancy, as well as a visit to assess the risks of genetic diseases. Also, make an appointment with your GP to undergo a series of general examinations such as pressure control, blood analysis, etc.

How to get pregnant if he does not want to

The difference in the biological and psychological level between men and women is important to understand why in many couples, at some point, a gap can sometimes arise on the subject of parenting. How to get pregnant if he does not want to? How to overcome man’s fears of becoming a father? Dialogue is fundamental as a starting point for understanding the man’s struggles and dealing with them.

The time has come: you feel ready to have a baby, but your partner slips and does not seem to be on the same wavelength. Many women, at some point in their life, begin to wonder how to get pregnant if their partner does not want to, and whether it is right to press or leave the right space and wait.

First of all we, start with a premise. the woman has undoubtedly a certain  ‘deadline’ to get pregnant. Fertility reaches its peak peak around 25-30 years and then begins to descend. And when the 40-s come closer, the biological watch seems to be pressed tightly and you are beginning to be afraid of no longer being able to become a mother. Things are different for men. They can have children even in advanced years and certainly for them the passing time is not a limiting factor.

This difference between man and woman is important to understand, both biologically and psychologically, because in many couples at some point, an insurmountable gap can be created on the burning theme of parenting. So what can we do if we want a baby and he does not? What is certain, is that within a well-established couple and with a professional life already started, it comes sooner or later to talk about the possibility of having a baby, but it is not always that both partners agree on the right time.

The usual scenario is that man’s responses are vague and evasive to the questions of his better half, who understandably becomes more and more pressing as time passes. He hardly has the courage to talk openly and to confide what his doubts and fears are.

But what are the most common man’s fears about paternity?

  • The loss of freedom and autonomy: men fear that a child can limit them in their free time, but also in the management of daily life;
  • The economic weight: a man who has a family should not just think enough to himself but must assume the responsibility to grow and maintain a child;
  • Jealousy: especially in couples who like spending a lot of time alone, a child can be considered an element of disturbance, a kind of intruder that would undermine the harmony of the couple;
  • Fatigue: certainly the stories of friends and family who have just had a baby on sleepless nights and infinite whims do not help and certainly do not contribute to giving paternity a romantic solo.

How to get pregnant if he does not want toFirst of all, it is important, within a stable and happy couple, to openly talk about important issues, projects and growth prospects. Even though he seems reluctant to answer questions or openly discuss the possibility of having a child, this does not mean that postponing the matter or pretending nothing can only undermine the harmony of the relationship and create misunderstandings and misunderstandings. Better to sit it out open and sincerely, trusting fears and desires and trying to figure out if his rejection is only temporary, if he only needs some reassurance or if he never wanted to become a father and never wants to become one. One chat will certainly not be enough. You have to have patience, wait for the times to be ripe for him as well, reassure him that your life will change to the best.

And how to act if he continues to postpone? Let’s face it clearly: it is rather frequent that in the end the woman decides to give a boost in the right direction and press for a child. In many cases man ends up with the desire of his companion (who is likely to become an obsession), even if he does not lose it.

This does not want to say that he will be a bad father: if women start getting ready for maternity from the pregnancy test, man finds himself in a sort of limbo for nine months, a period of transition to a new condition that is not yet clear until the baby is born. It is not uncommon for a man who during pregnancy seems to be distant and confused, at the sight of his baby suddenly to unravel and become a dad of the year. What is certain is that the possibility of having a child should be discussed when the pair lives the top of their own harmony and happiness. It’s a leap of faith, a serious change for both and certainly the baby will not resurface a tormented couple relationship.

The last option is to make a child and grow it by yourself. Many women, realized in work and in their lives, understand that the desire to become a mother goes beyond any other thought. We are in an era in which we can be independent and chase our dreams. Does a child also need a father figure? Certainly, bringing one’s partner in the face of the responsibility of a baby we only wanted would have the effect of making him discover an affectionate and present parent, but also the opposite effect.

How to get pregnant with a girl

Choosing sex is not programmable in a natural pregnancy, but there are some popular ways and methods that, according to moms experience, could affect a female’s conception.

Here are some examples:

  • Follow vegetarian eating;
  • Avoid eating bananas, avoid lubricants, and prefer the missionary position;
  • Wait for the full moon.

How to get pregnant with a boy

To conceive a boy, it takes a sperm carrier of Y chromosome to fertilize the female ovum.

Popular beliefs say that to have a boy, you need to:

  • Follow a diet with a few sweet acidic foods and a few dairy products. There must be no carbohydrates coming from bread and derived, red meat and fish protein;
  • Increase the consumption of zucchini, mushrooms and peas;
  • The sexual act should occur within 24 hours before ovulation and no later than 12 hours after.

Diet to get pregnant

Of course, it is important to eat right at any time, but if you are trying to get pregnant a balanced diet is even more desirable. Having a healthy diet also increases the chances of conceiving a healthy baby.


High-calcium foods help to make bones strong and are particularly well-known helping foods during pregnancy and the time when you are trying to conceive. Calcium-rich products are dairy foods, eggs and some fish such as salmon and tuna.

High-calcium foodsTea

Tea contains a good level of antioxidants, which help promote a healthy immune system. Some scientific research of the last decade has shown that women who drink tea regularly increase their chances of conception. The most popular teas in this regard are green tea and Orange Pekoe, a black tea composed only of the last two leaves and the apiary bud of the plant.


Drinking plenty of water is always good, but it is especially useful during or before pregnancy. Water is needed to grow a healthy baby and helps maintain a normal and serene pregnancy.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C stimulates the immune system and helps a healthy conception. This precious element is present in green leafy vegetables, peppers, tomatoes, kiwis and citrus fruits. Vitamin C is then particularly concentrated in the fruit of Amazonian cherry or acerola, and in rosehip. Vitamin C seems likely to act positively on sperm vitality.

Vitamin B6 and folic acid

Vitamin B6 and folic acid are both necessary to ensure a healthy pregnancy. Green leafy vegetables, nuts and wholegrain cereals contain both B vitamins, of which B6 helps to regulate reproduction. The absorption of these vitamins is conditioned by some food and psychological factors: in fact it is reduced in the presence of stress or excessive consumption of certain foods such as coffee, sugar, alcohol, or the use of certain medicines. Intake of folic acid  helps to prevent some of the child’s congenital defects.


According to some recent studies, the true fertility food would be the oysters due to their high amount of zinc, which is essential to maintain optimum sperm volume and testosterone levels in men’s blood. Slow absorption sugars contained in bread and pasta are preferable to sugars and candy that would result in increased blood glucose resulting in insulin production, favoring the polycystic ovary, which may lead to infertility risks.

Plant proteins

They would be preferable to animal proteins, although these should not be eliminated. The first should be taken at least twice a week, second at least once. It is good to remember that fertility is favored by normal weight conditions and vice versa is compromised in underweight or overweight women because of a calibration of female hormones or estrogen that affect the menstrual cycle.

How to increase male fertility

Food, smoking, lifestyle: there are so many factors that can affect sperm quality. Here’s how to increase male fertility. Is it actually possible to improve the quality of sperm and sperm and therefore fertility? There are undoubtedly multiple ways to increase male fertility. Let’s see some.


A study published in the journal Human Reproduction has revealed the existence of a link between a fatty diet (potato chips, snacks, burgers, popcorn and pizza) and the quality of a man’s sperm. Researchers also pointed out that small variations in dietary habits, such as Omega 3 consumption, can bring obvious benefits. The presence of this fatty acid in the diet of a man increases the presence and quantity of normal sperm sperm in his sperm by 3% compared to those who do not use it. This is the first study that found a close relationship between male infertility and saturated fat consumption.

Omega 3Dietary supplements

A study conducted by the University of Auckland reviewed the results of 34 studies conducted on about 2,500 couples who undergo treatment to fight infertility and found that due to the integration of particular substances including vitamins and antioxidants aimed at combating free radicals and aging, males suffering from infertility disorders, can benefit from the integration of vitamin E, zinc, magnesium and carnitine.


In general, lifestyle strongly affects the quality of sperm. Some studies conducted by the Universities of Siena and Catania have found that smokers’ sperm for 24 hours in contact with the typical substances that make up the cigarettes are immobilized and their DNA is also irretrievably compromised and damaged. It is also good to remember that excessive heat sources damage the sperm: avoid the sauna and the boxers too tight.

Sexual relations

The good news is: it seems to have sex better every day better the sperm quality. David Greening of the Australian Center for Artificial Insemination has examined the seminal fluid of 118 men with anomalies at their sperm DNA. These individuals have been asked to have sexual intercourse every day for a week. At the end of the experiment, the quality of the seminal fluid was greatly increased.

But what are the normality parameters for sperm? The examination to evaluate the quality of the seminal fluid is called spermiogram and analyzes the amount and motility of the sperm.

We talk about:

  • Aspermia: if there is no seminal fluid
  • Hypersmity: if the volume is less than 2 ml
  • Hyperspermia: if the volume is greater than 6 ml
  • Azoospermia: if there are no sperm in the seminal fluid
  • Oligospermia: if the sperm count is less than 20,000,000 per ml
  • Astenozoospermia: if the motility is less than 50% of the total number
  • Teratozoospermia: when malformed spermatozoa exceed 50%

How to get pregnant, truths and rumors

When nothing works and the coveted two stripes on the test do not reveal themselves, time after time, even the most sober of us start to rely on the strangest tricks to get pregnant. The web abounds in metropolitan legends, grandmother’s advice, and more or less scientifically proven researches. Among the tricks to get pregnant there is for example a study that states that men consuming a lot of vitamin C in their diet have 20% less sperm DNA damage. And for women it reduces the risk of abortion. The truth is, this data is just not backed up by any solid science. In fact, it is safer to go with an adage that nothing is true until confirmed by your doctor.

If you want to experience the joy of a positive pregnancy test, do not listen to groundless rumors like these:

  • It is not true that you do not have to wash yourself after the sexual intercourse if you are trying to conceive, on the contrary, a thorough hygiene helps not to incur infections that are harmful to fertility;
  • It is not true that a long sexual act is needed;
  • It is not true that certain foods make you pregnant, but undoubtedly eating healthy helps.

There are some truths and tips that should be followed to help the conception.

Here are some:

  • Stress harms the well-being of the future mom and therefore also fertility;
  • Limit the consumption of alcohol – it is harmful to the fetus and alters fertility;
  • Both excessive weight and underweight conditions do not help to get pregnant;
  • Ask your doctor for advice before taking any medicine that may interfere with conception.

Pre-pregnancy testability before and after the delay

In this part, you will discover all you have to know about the pregnancy test reliability before and after the delay. When is it better to do it? Let us see when and why it is the best time. The pregnancy test is used to make sure you are pregnant, when there is a delay in menstruation or there is some bleeding and we do not know if it is plant loss or implantation bleeding. But how does the test work, when is it advisable to do it and how to judge the reliability of the result?

The pregnancy testThe pregnancy test is performed on the urine and detects the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin, the Beta HCG hormone produced by the trophoblast at the time the embryo is implanted in the uterus. Gonadotropin levels increase rapidly in the first days of gestation and are detectable in urine as early as 9th 10th day after the estimated date of conception. A blue line or a cross (the signs may differ depending on the brand) indicate whether you are pregnant or not. In classical tests a line means negative test (you’re not pregnant), two lines meaning positive test. In the digital version it may appear in the form of words (pregnant or not pregnant) or symbols (smiling or sad face).

Home-tested pregnancy tests are fairly reliable and reliable, but they must be performed properly, following the instructions carefully. In some cases, false positives or negatives can occur.

Women who have a regular cycle can test from the first day of the cycle because beta HCG hormone is produced in small concentrations right after conception. While it is appropriate to wait four to five days from the scheduled time of the menstruation if they are not regular. In case of positive results, some pregnancy tests also suggest how long you might be pregnant.

Do not forget that the pregnancy test is reliable even if you are taking the pill and think you are pregnant because you forgot to take it, you have suddenly suspended it, or there have been conditions that have compromised your effectiveness.

There are commercially available pregnancy tests so sensitive to the presence of chorionic gonadotropin even before the delay. The sensitivity of the test may vary from 10 mIU / mL (more sensitive) to 40 mIU / mL. However, you must always consider the possibility of a false negative if the test is done too soon. In fact, the confidence of the test increases if it is done after several days of mismatch because the beta HCG hormone rate increases and therefore it is easier to record its presence.

Among the commercial pregnancy tests Clearblue offers a wide range of home-based tests. As you read from the official website of the brand, it is recommended that you test from the day the cycle is expected, but thanks to its high sensitivity, Clearblue tests can detect the conception already four days before the date Scheduled for the beginning of menstruation. But how reliable are these pregnancy tests? According to related forums, this brand is one of the most accurate in determining whether or not a pregnancy exists. However, it is always advisable to seek advice from your doctor or gynecologist.

When to do the pregnancy test

The pregnancy test is a tool to check if a woman is pregnant. The use of this evaluation is indicated when the first signs of a possible conception, including a delay in the appearance of menstruation, are seen.

The tests to determine or exclude the beginning of a pregnancy are mainly of two types: the first is the home-based kit, which can be found at a pharmacy and can be done directly at home on the urine to get an indication on conception. The second is the blood test performed in the laboratory and necessary to confirm the result with certainty. In both cases, the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-HCG), a secreted hormone in the maternal body during pregnancy, is verified. In fact, beta-HCG can be detected, through urine or blood, about a week after conception (which occurs within 24 hours of ovulation).

Human chorionic gonadotropin is produced by those pre-embryonic cells that will then originate in the placenta after implantation in the uterus of the fertilized egg. For these reasons, the reliability of the results of pregnancy tests is strongly influenced by the time the test takes place.

Pregnancy tests identify the presence of human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-HCG) in the blood or urine, a hormone secreted by the maternal body only if the woman is pregnant. This hormone is detectable from the implant implant fertilized in the uterus only after conception, as it is produced by those pre-embryonic cells that will then originate from the placenta. In fact, beta-HCG has the function of maintaining pregnancy by promoting a hormonal and tissue environment appropriate to the development of the embryo.

Domestic urine analysis provides a qualitative answer (i.e. whether it is pregnant or not), while the blood test also allows a quantitative evaluation as it indicates precisely the concentration of the hormone present at the time of the survey. For this reason, when the home pregnancy test is positive, it is necessary to confirm the result with blood analysis for 100% safe diagnosis and make appointment with the gynecologist.

Domestic urine analysisUrinary and bloodthirsty pregnancy tests have high reliability. However, to achieve a safe result, the timing of each method should be respected. The synthesis of beta-HCG begins when the fertilization of the fertilized ovule occurs in the uterus, i.e. one week after conception. For this reason, it takes a few days for it to be measurable. Once the secretion of beta-HCG begins, the concentration of the hormone doubles every two days and shows a peak 60-70 days after fertilization, then decreases to remain at a minimum level for the rest of the gestation. This means that pregnancy test can be performed even before the woman may experience a delay in menstruation.

Conception occurs when spermatozoa, ascending the uterus, reach the mature egg cell, released from the ovary in the fallopian tube during ovulation. The fertilized egg is transported by the movement of the ciliary cells of the tube in the direction of the uterine cavity where it is nested in the endometrial approximately 6-7 days after sexual intercourse which led to fertilization (hence around the 21st day of a regular 28-day menstrual cycle). At this point, also the production of chorionic gonadotropin begins, whose ‘beta’ subunit is important for the functioning of the pregnancy test.

The period when the egg is fertilized starts 4-5 days before ovulation and ends 1-2 days later. This is possible considering that the egg cell matures when it is expelled from the ovary, survives for about 24 hours, while the spermatozoa can remain vital in the female genital system up to 72-96 hours. Therefore, an unprotected sexual relationship that occurred 3 or 4 days before ovulation can lead to fertilization.

How to perform a pregnancy test

Home-use pregnancy tests are purchased at a pharmacy without a prescription. Usually, these devices consist of a stick equipped with a reactive strip that is enough to hold for a few seconds under the urine flow. After completing this operation, wait a few minutes for the chemical reaction to indicate that the test has been carried out correctly at the control window. Within 3-4 minutes, a positive or negative response is given whether or not the presence of beta-HCG is present. If the conception has occurred, then a colored line, a smile or a ‘+’ will appear on the stick.

If a woman has a regular 28-day cycle, the pregnancy test for home use can be carried out from the first day of menstruation delay, i.e. 7 days after fertilization of the fertilized egg and 14 from presumed conception.

In general, these instruments are able to identify beta-HCG from 8 to 11 days after ovulation. However, since not all tests are able to detect the lowest urine concentrations, and since it is not always possible to determine the exact moment in which the ovulatory phase occurs, especially when the cycles are irregular, it is best to do the test after four or five days of menstrual delay.

In any case, if the test has been performed correctly, you can wait a few days and repeat the test to confirm the result (often, the pack contains two stickers). Taking a pregnancy test after an unprotected sex is, however, unnecessary, as it takes a few days before the body produces beta-HCG, even if the egg has already been fertilized. If you have a strong suspicion of being pregnant in a recent risk report, you can anticipate the test by indicating 5-7 days before the date on which the menstrual outbreak is scheduled. In such a situation, however, for a certain outcome, it is appropriate to repeat the test after a few days.

If the examination result is negative, but the menstrual delay is prolonged, the best thing is to consult your doctor for the prescription of a hematologic examination.

How do I calculate a menstrual cycle delay?

To determine the day on which the menstrual flow is to be expected, consider the time interval between menstruation and the next. In practice, to calculate menstrual cycle duration, it is necessary to count the number of days ranging from the first day of menstrual flow to the day preceding the beginning of the next menstruation.

How reliable is the answer? The beta-HCG research on a urine sample before the menstrual delay leads to the risk of having a false negative. This means that although fertilization has taken place and pregnancy has begun, the test may give a negative result, as hormone levels are still too low to be detected.

In theory, in fact, the pregnancy test for home use is reliable at 90% from the first day of delay. However, after two or three days of missing menstruation, you can get a reliable answer up to 99%. For this reason, it is always advisable to wait a few days after the missed test before testing, especially in case of irregular cycles.

Pregnancy testing: blood testing

Blood beta-HCG research is more sensitive and makes it clearer in the presence of a false positive. By this method, the presence and amount of hormone can be found even 7-10 days after conception, ensuring a 100% safe result. The pregnancy test should be performed in any case, even if the urine analysis with the home-based kit has already given a positive result to the conception. To perform blood beta-HCG examination, your physician’s prescription is required.

Pregnancy testing: blood testingIn addition to measuring accurately the concentration of human chorionic gonadotropin, the pregnancy test allows you to accurately determine the date the fertilization took place. At the blood level, in fact, the levels of this hormone increase in blood with the increase in placental activity in the first weeks of pregnancy, and then progressively decrease, to remain stable until the end of gestation.

At what time of day is it best to test? Most tests can be performed at any time of the day: current household devices have a very high sensitivity and are able to detect even low beta-HCG concentrations. However, it is preferable to use the first urine in the morning, just waking, as there is a greater concentration of hormones and the result is safer. Additionally, it is advisable to avoid taking too much fluid before performing the pregnancy test or wait at least four hours after the last urination.

Possible altered results

  • False negatives: Pregnancy has begun, but the test does not reveal it
  • The test is performed too early (there is not yet a beta-HCG concentration such as allow a feedback).
  • Dilution of the urine is excessive (you test after drinking a lot or taking diuretic drugs).
  • The test has expired, defective or incorrectly stored.
  • The current pregnancy is extra-uterine.
  • Technical and procedural errors are made (e.g. the container used to collect urine already contained water, soap or other liquids).
  • Drugs for fertility based on menotropin (for the treatment of infertility) and carbamazepine are being taken.

False positive: The test is positive, but pregnancy has not started

  • The container used to collect urine was not sterile or a detergent was used to clean it.
  • There are traces of blood in the urine and proteinuria, ovarian cysts or genital cancer.
  • Altered answers, in the false sense, can also be found in the case of:
  • Taking some medications (such as neuroleptics).
  • Urinary infection in progress.
  • Premenopausal situation.
  • Recent birth or abortion (after these events, beta-HCG is found in the blood for a few weeks).
  • Using an expired or incorrectly stored test.

Some practical tips

For a successful home-based pregnancy test, follow the directions in the leaflet carefully and check the expiration date on the package. If the result is positive and the instructions for use are strictly followed, it is advisable to confirm pregnancy by taking a blood sample (plasma dosage) at the physician’s request. If the outcome is doubtful and the menstrual delay is prolonged, it is advisable to talk to your doctor or your gynecologist.

Ovulation and fertility are two closely related issues that cause the interest of many women, especially those who are intent on getting pregnant. Moreover, within the menstrual cycle, ovulation represents the time of maximum female fertility. To understand when a woman is ovulating, there are several tricks. Moreover, near this topical moment of the menstrual cycle, changes occur in the cervix, mucus produced from the neck of the uterus and basal body temperature, all indications that are very useful for the identification of the so-called fertile period.

During the 28 days of the menstrual cycle, this is the process of production and ripening of an egg cell by one of the two ovaries. The salient moments of opiogenicity are basically three: the follicular phase, the ovulatory phase (or ovulation), and the lutheal phase. At the beginning of the vomiting, the follicular phase is the time when the ovaries, after a precise hormonal stimulus, produce and bring to maturity, within a follicle, the future egg cell (or egg cell primordial).

The follicular phase covers the first 14 days of the menstrual cycle (N.B: the first day of menstruation indicates the first day of a menstrual cycle). Immediately after the follicular phase, the ovulatory phase is the time when, following a hormonal stimulus other than the previous one, the mature egg cell is removed from the follicle (and from the ovary) and nest in Fallopian tubes, ready to meet with sperm. Ovulation lasts one day and usually occurs between the 14th and 15th day of the menstrual cycle.

Finally, starting immediately after the ovulatory phase, the lutheal phase is the time when the follicle becomes a lutheal body and, in the event of egg cell fertilization, the menstrual period eventually arises. The lutheal phase covers the remaining 14 days of the menstrual cycle.

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