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Scabies – from Latin ‘scabere’ – ‘to scratch’ – is an infectious dermatological disease and is particularly contagious. Brought on by Sarcoptes scabiei hominis, it causes an intense itching and the appearance of red patches (papules), often associated with vesicles and secondary infections.
What is scabies?
Scabies is a very contagious disease. You can get it at work, kindergarten, school or hospital. Symptoms are skin scabies (itching) getting worse at night and abscesses, scabs and scratches. Scab-like skin lesions usually appear in places such as the skin between the fingers, wrist, armpits, navel, buttocks, nipples, feet, and men in the skin of the penis and scrotum. Scabies treatment lasts a few days to a few weeks, but in some cases the scabies may last up to half a year. For a faster treatment, it is worthwhile to support pharmacological methods with home treatment.
What does scabies look like?
Scabies are a compulsive parasite of man and finds suitable soil for reproduction in the skin. The adult female, in particular, penetrates the most superficial layer of the epidermis, digging a kind of tunnel at the bottom of which it deposits two or three eggs every day. After 2-4 days from their laying, the eggs open, leaving the larvae leaking out, which – by digging small outermost outlets to the skin surface – reach maturity and mature at 15-17 days. The female, longer than the male, lives for 4-6 weeks and can lay up to 50 eggs; it measures 0.35 to 0.45 mm in length x 0.20 to 0.30 in width; it has ovoid shape, grayish, and has four pairs of short and thick legs: the fronts are fitted with suction cups and the backs of long bristles. The smaller male dies shortly after copulation, while the female can survive up to 4 or 5 days before starving. In people with scabies the number of parasites is limited to 5-10 adults and does not generally exceed 30-40 units.
The most typical symptom of scabies is intense itching, especially at night. In order to dig in the stratum corneum, the scab of the scabies secures keratolytic substances from the buccal apparatus. these substances – together with faecal particles excreted in the caves – cause a small inflammatory reaction mediated by the release of epidermal cytokines. This explains the subsequent appearance of intense itching, especially at night, and the typical erythemato-papulus eruption.
Are scabies contagious?
As anticipated, the scabies infection is manifested with fine, gray-like streaks, a few millimeters long and known as lesions that look like thin ‘tunnels’ on the skin surface. However, these lesions are not always visible, as scratching can create injuries that mask or destroy the tunnels. Through scarring and / or immune reaction, the lesions can then evolve into papules, nodules, ulcers, and crusts formed on the underlying rash.
As for animal scab, the pests that support it are incapable of multiplying on human skin, where they may still reside for a few days and cause the onset of a symptom similar to the one described, but with the absence of cumbersome passageways. The period of contagion lasts for as long as the patient has not been adequately treated.
Signs and symptoms of scabies occur approximately one month after contagion, time needed to develop dermal sensitization. The incubation period of the scab is about three weeks. In the event of reinfestation symptoms may appear more rapidly, on average within 1-4 days, as the individual is already sensitized.
The irresistible need to scratch is often associated with scratching injuries, which can complicate as a result of bacterial overclimbation, leaving room for stinging, follicles and impetigo. In some cases, the symptoms of scabies may extend to the entire body surface, apparently because of an exaggerated allergic reaction.
The typical bodily regions where this symptom is evident are the interdigital spaces, the front surface of the wrist, the anterior abdomen of the stomach, the navel, the intergluteus and subgluteus hollows, and the external genitals: these are areas where the skin, being thinner and more delicate, favor the penetration of the parasite.
In baby, the eruption may also affect the palm of the hands, the feet, the face and the scalp. In adulthood, localization is typical of the mammary arteries, while in man it is often the penile skin that is often affected.
Scabies symptoms (scabies rash)
Scabies is a small spider-like animal, a mite. The mite gets into the skin and makes passageways in the utmost skin layer where they lay their eggs. The most common symptom is that it scratches, especially at night. Scabies are usually treated with drugs that you lubricate on the skin. Scabies usually infect through close body contact.
The mite is 0.3 to 0.4 millimeter. An otherwise healthy person who has scabies can have up to ten scabies in the skin. Persons with impaired immune system and elderly may have several hundred. There are several different species of scabies. Scabies from animals like cat and dog, cannot propagate on human skin but can cause bites that look like scabs. When you have a scabbard it usually gets itchy, especially in evenings and nights. It can stick anywhere on the body except on the head. The mite passages can be difficult to detect. The traces it leaves are light, wire-thin, half an inch-long and zig-zag shaped. They are easiest to trace on hands and feet. It is also possible to see them on other skin areas, such as the navel, the lower back, the nipples and the genitals. In children, they may be easier to look at the feet. Sometimes small blisters and red knots may occur at the corridors. You can get eczema skin changes, tear marks and sometimes infected small wounds if you scratch yourself.
You can have scales and scabs that contain scabies if you are older or have a reduced immune system. It is due to the large amount of scabies. Another word for wound crusts is crusts and therefore it is called crusty scabies. The scabs are not always so clear. It may take time before it becomes apparent. The pruritus is due to a hypersensitivity reaction to the vertebrate. It may take 4-6 weeks after you have been infected before it starts to itch. During this time you have no symptoms, but can still infect others. If you have had a dandruff earlier and get infected again, it may start already after two days.
You may become infected if you have a physical contact with someone who has scabies. The body contact should be close and slightly longer, probably more than five minutes. The patient group that has been infected most in recent years are teens. This is probably due to multiple possibilities for close contact, for example, when they are nearer to each other a bit longer in front of computers and tablets. For example, the scabies mite can be transferred by holding someone’s hand, sleeping in the same bed or sleeping tight together. Scabies can also contaminate through clothes, bed linen and towels. But that’s unusual. The risk of infection is low during normal casual physical contact at work or school. Crusty scabies infect more easily than normal scabies. Infection can occur through shorter skin contact and also through crusts on clothes, in bed linen and on furniture. Therefore, outbreaks of scabies may occur, for example, in homes and hospitals. Then both people living there and staff can be infected.
To be able to make a safe diagnosis, the doctor must find a scabious animal. The doctor uses a magnifying glass and removes a scab with a needle. Then the doctor looks at it in a microscope to confirm that it is scary. If your doctor is unsure, get a referral to a skin clinic for a safe diagnosis. Everyone who lives with, or has had close contact with, someone who has been diagnosed with scabies should be treated simultaneously. Otherwise there is a risk that someone who is infected but not prone to it will continue to spread infection.
A particularly serious clinical form is Norwegian scabies or scabies. Common in immunocompromised or defected patients, it is characterized by the high degree of contagion and the high number of parasites found in a body heavily marked by severe ulcerated or crostogenic skin lesions, with frequent involvement of nails and alopecia. In crusted scab, contagion can be more easily done directly by contacting clothes, towels, bedding such as linen / blankets used by the patient (for the presence of the parasite in the cuttings). The possibility of indirect infection is, however, limited.
The parasite of scabies is transmitted by direct human contact, narrow and prolonged, for example during sexual intercourse. The limited possibilities of indirect transmission, through the promiscuous use of garments, towels and linens, become more concrete in scabies with crusts. In any case, for infestation to be transmitted, it is necessary to pass a pregnant female or mites of both sexes.
The spread of scabies, as is the case of lice, is favored by crowding and poor hygiene. However – being not necessarily linked to these factors – may affect people of every social class, regardless of personal hygiene and without distinction of age or sex. This observation is confirmed by the recent increase in scabies in the most industrialized countries. All this can be explained on the basis of the many migratory waves of developing countries, promiscuity, frequent international travel, and long stay in crowded places (although of a very good hygienic level).
What is Norwegian scabies?
Norwegian scabies occur with squamous-crostose lesions, especially at the palm-plantar level, on the back of the hands and on the knees. Unlike classical clinical form, itching is discreet or absent, so the diagnosis is delayed and thus increases the risk of infecting other people.
Scabies in children
Children are particularly susceptible to scabies due to the sharing of spaces or objects in kindergartens and schools. Using shared towels, swapping clothes or hats, sleeping on the same bed while resting at nursery schools, and close contact with siblings and playmates can in fact contribute to contagion. In infancy, the skin’s stratum corneum is also thinner, so the defenses against parasitism are reduced.
In the event of a case of scabies, the ASL and the school follow scrupulous procedures to prevent the spread of the contagion. For the first 24 hours after the beginning of the specific treatment, the infected child must not go to school. In the case of classmates, however, health surveillance must be carried out to check whether symptoms are present within 6-8 weeks.
Medical scabies treatment vs. natural treatment for scabies
The drug used against scabies is primarily Tenutex, which you can buy prescription free at a pharmacy. The medicine is liquid and should be lubricated on the body. There are also prescription drugs, which may be needed if, for example, you cannot use Tenutex or have crusty scabies. Adults and children over a year should lubricate Tenutex on the whole body, except the head. For children under one year, the head should also be lubricated. The same applies to the elderly and persons with impaired immune system. The medicine should remain for 24 hours. Follow the instructions provided with the package. Once you wash your hands during the day of treatment, lubricate your hands with the medicine again. After treatment, wash clothes, bed linen and towels at 60 degrees. Such as used and can not be washed, such as shoes and gloves, should be worn for 2-3 days.
Usually, treatment is sufficient. However, if you have widespread skin changes and tear marks, repeat treatment after one week. But if you would like to give your scabies treatment an extra boost, you are more than welcome to use home remedies for scabies that are both natural and effective. We will list them with recipes and instructions below.
Even after treatment you may have itching for several weeks. This is because the allergic reaction continues as long as dead scabies or their stools remain in the skin. The mite disappear when the outer skin layer has been replaced by the skin’s normal skin cell turnover. You can lubricate the areas that scratch with a cream or ointment that contains hydrocortisone to relieve itchiness. You should consult a doctor before using hydrocortisone in children under 2 years of age. The cream and ointment you can buy prescription free at a pharmacy.
Diagnosis of scabies is carried out by searching for its four pathogenomic elements:
- Presence of mites, eggs, excrement and especially of the cuniculi.
- Appearance of lesions more or less specific in the sexes and age ranges.
- Intense itch that has recrudescence when laying down (the heat retained by the blankets increases the activity of the mites).
- With the same symptomatology in people in close contact with the patient, as evidence of the great infectiousness of scabies.
The tunnel is a small filiform lesion, typically white or gray, more or less straight or winding, long from a few mm to 10-15 mm. Looking at it with a lens, you can discern the entrance orifice and, on the other end, the mite, which looks like a gray and shiny dot. If the tunnel is not clearly visible, it can be highlighted by dropping a drop of water-soluble dye in the lesion, then washing the skin with water or alcohol. The dye penetrated into the capillary passageway is not removed from the cleaning, making its path clear. At this point, you can remove the mite cuddled in the tunnel with a cutting edge or insert a thin needle to remove the mite.
Scabies in humans: who is at risk?
Scabies are pandemic, being spread all over the world, and periodically, it can result in small outbreaks of epidemics. The most common method of transmitting scabies is prolonged skin contact with an infected individual: it takes 15 to 20 minutes for contagion to occur. Indirect transmission is rare, but can occur through the shared use of contaminated clothing, sheets, and towels in the same family or community. Mites can live for about 2 days away from human skin, clothing, or beds.
Is scabies an STD?
Illness can affect anyone in any age group, regardless of gender or ethnicity, regardless of social level or hygiene. However, trips to endemic areas for scabies, promiscuous conditions, and low hygienic levels are risk factors. Often, young adults are affected (who transmit mites by sexual contact) or older people who are forced into bed from illness. Immune depression also aggravates the course.
How do you get rid of scabies?
Disinfection of environment and clothing
To eradicate scabies, the disinfestation of domestic environments and personal effects plays a key role. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully sanitize the clothing in contact with the skin, the lingerie and the bed clothing (pillowcases and linens) by boiling or washing in hot water (at least 140°F, better with 194°F) and soap. Brushes and combs must also be treated at high temperatures.
Anything that cannot be washed at high temperatures should be exposed to air for at least 2 or 3 days. The mite, in fact, does not survive long distances from human skin. Alternatively, personal things can be placed in sealed plastic bags and left inside for about a week and then exposed to air. Sofas and pillows can be washed by high temperature steam and then wrapped in waterproof bags for a few days. Alternatively, they can be sealed in a waterproof plastic bag in which a pyrethrum-based insecticide is sprayed and which is left closed for at least 24 hours and then the effects are exposed to air. Those who are liable to disinfect or care for scabies should be fitted with special protective clothing (in particular disposable gloves and disposable gowns).
Scabies is a disease subject to mandatory notification by the physician who diagnoses it. The public health service receiving this alert undertakes to conduct an epidemiological investigation to trace the presumed ways of contagion and extend the findings to the people with whom the patient has had close contact. The scabies patient must be treated with special therapy and isolated for at least 24 hours after the start of the treatment. Isolation means that the patient remains separate from all other people, except those who attend to them.
Local treatment is generally performed with benzotoxobionate, crotamytone or permethrin based lotions or creams. Galenic preparations are often used by the pharmacist to indicate the dermatologist.
It is very important to apply these products all over the body, from neck down, after a warm, prolonged bath followed by energetic clutches (scrubs), especially in the locations where cunicular lesions are present. This procedure is intended to expose mites and eggs contained in the tunnels to the active ingredient. After 8-12 hours of application, anti-skid products should be removed with water.
Osteoarthritic and topical emollients contribute to relief from itching, often sustained by irritating phenomena (even the psychic component should not be underestimated), persists for several days. Antibiotics can be used in the event of bacterial overclimbation. Prophylactic monitoring and treatment should be extended to all cohabitants and those in close contact with the scabious, such as sexual partners and cohabitants. To curb the spread of infestation, the sick must abstain from work in public exercises, colleges or other collectives until the disinfestation work is over.
Take a shower or bath every day, intensively rubbing the entire skin to remove scales surface, before applying the topical scabicidal medication recommended by your doctor.
Treatment against scabies should be carried out at the same time by persons in close contact with the patient.
Underwear, mattress cover, sheets and pillowcases should be changed (avoiding to shake them to avoid spreading the mites) and washed at 140°F every day, at least until the end of the treatment.
All worn clothing should be washed at 140°F or dry. Washable nonwoven garments should be packed in waterproof and tightly sealed plastic bags for 2 weeks. Alternatively, they can be placed for 24 hours at temperatures below 50°F (in the fridge or outside during the winter).
To disinfect the house (sofas, upholstered armchairs, mattresses and floors) it is advisable to use high temperature steam instruments.
After healing from the scab, itching may persist because of the hypersensitivity developed. In this case, it is advisable to use cortisone and antihistamines.
Effective home remedies for scabies
1. Vinegar, a natural scabies cure.
A very effective method in treating scabies is vinegar. Pour vinegar all your body, taking care to thoroughly rub it in. Vinegar kills all mites and their eggs. Rub vinegar into the skin two times a day, for 2 weeks, until the skin completely stops itching. You can also make wraps of vinegar in the most scabies places on the skin. In the course of treatment, the skin may get slightly stained.
2. Neem oil against mite infestation
Neem oil is obtained from the seeds of a tree growing in India. Its insecticidal, acaricidal and bactericidal properties are tested by years of successful medicinal use. Fruits of Neem Neem, also called Neem (Melia azadirachta or Azadirachta indica), is a very widespread tree in India. It is found in all warm climates. Its seeds are pressed to give an odor to the strong odor, and whose main active substance is azadirachtin. Neem oil is traditionally used by Indian farmers as a natural fertilizer and insecticide.
This oil is commonly used for all skin disorders and diseases, but also for the prevention of respiratory and digestive problems. This oil has very valuable benefits: moisturizing, antiseptic, nourishing, regenerating, healing, antibacterial, anti-acneic, and antifungal. Neem oil can be applied to the body, the face but also to the hair for a care or in case of mite infestation (the oil applied to the affected areas will kill both grown mites and their eggs). The oil may be used purely as the case may be and the place to be treated, however, prior mixing with water or vegetable oil is necessary for most applications.
Apply neem oil to the skin zones infected with scabies. Neem (Indian honey) contains more than 100 powerful bioactive ingredients that prevent blistering and soothe skin pruritus. You can also make use of a neem powder pack mixed with water – paste should be applied to the skin area with scabies. After an hour, rinse with water (do not use soap and do not wipe dry afterwards).
If your pet gets affected with scabies, neem oil can be safely and effectively used on most domestic animals. Generally, after the animal is bathed and treated with neem oil, you can spray the “corner” that is reserved to him in order to stop the proliferation of parasites. Neem oil has, indeed, a repellent, antiparasitic and antibacterial that will help you get rid of the skin parasites infesting your pet. You can spray the places that are regularly visited by the animals in order to remove the mites from them. Neem oil will act as an excellent repellent.
Dilute it and pour your mixture into a vaporizer bottle to impregnate larger surfaces. Excellent anti-mite, natural insecticide and antibacterial, it will allow you to spray your sofas, beds, mattresses, blankets, etc., eradicating mite infestation with a guarantee.
3. Turmeric, a major organic remedy against mite
Turmeric is a home remedy for multiple use. by giving your skin a glow to help heal wounds, this miracle herb can do a lot for the health of the skin among the other benefits. You can easily apply turmeric paste to get rid of scabies.
Turmeric is traditionally used to relieve minor gastrointestinal disorders, such as nausea, heaviness, bloating, or loss of appetite. Many people actually use it after table excesses. Since this is an excellent healing and antiseptic, it is even used to treat stomach ulcers. It is by regulating hyperacidity that it prevents, for example, gastric burns. In case of difficult digestion, turmeric is used to promote the secretion and production of bile. It improves not only digestion but also it stimulates appetite. It should be noted that WHO recognizes turmeric as “traditional” the use of this spice in the treatment of diarrhea, gastric ulcers, etc. On the other hand, it is recognized as clinically justified its use in the treatment of difficult digestion with flatulence and hyperacidity.
Turmeric naturally contains a high concentration of curcumin which is a powerful antioxidant. It is more precisely a yellow pigment with exceptional anti-inflammatory capacities and which can prevent the growth of cancer cells. It protects the human body against inflammation and diseases related to oxidative stress, including Alzheimer’s and cardiovascular accidents. As it increases bile secretion, turmeric is mainly used to stimulate digestion in Asian countries. The Chinese use for example its root to stimulate the blood and to circulate the Qi in the body. It should be noted that pepper greatly increases the bioavailability of curcumin. To benefit fully from its benefits, it is then advisable to associate the turmeric with this spice during its use.
Turmeric is also used to relieve inflammatory diseases and disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, menstrual pain, etc. The curcumin it contains acts on chronic articular, ocular or intestinal inflammation. It should be known that it can even be used to treat wounds, eczema and skin inflammations, for external use.
This herbaceous plant is also used to protect the liver against certain aggressions. It has antimicrobial properties against a variety of pathogenic parasites, bacteria and fungi. It is a true natural antimicrobial. In medicine, an essential antiseptic and antimicrobial oil is extracted from its rhizome. This one also enters into the composition of certain cosmetic products to treat acne.
Apply turmeric paste to the skin infected with scabies for 30 minutes and then rinse. This paste can be made with 10 tablespoons powdered turmeric powder, 1 cup flour and 1 cup milk. Turmeric contains warfarin, which can help with the treatment of scabies.
4. The powerful anti-parasitic effects of tea tree oil
Tea tree oil contains terpinene-4-olo, which offers healing properties that can help fight the scab. You can also kill mites with antiparasitic properties and help your skin heal faster with its antiseptic qualities. Other active ingredients of tea tree essential oil provide effective anti-parasitic properties thanks to the presence of terpinene (about 30%) in its composition. The latter, which is also found in the oils of Eucalyptus and Lavender, produces a characteristic floral and spicy aroma having a repulsive action against said parasites. However, parasites are not always visible. Cutaneous parasites like scabies can also be affected by the effects of tea tree oil. It must be noted that the action of the active ingredients of the essential oil of tea tree has a great effectiveness against them. Thus, in the treatment of these parasitic infections, several uses of the essential oil of tea tree are possible.
As has been mentioned above, the essential oil of Tea Tree is known for its versatile anti-infectious properties. It is also an effective intestinal and cutaneous antiparasitic. Its main compound, Terpinen-4-ol, present between 30 and 48%, produces a characteristic floral and spicy aroma with a repellent effect on parasites.
Since scabies is a subcutaneous infection, its mite has a habit of coming to lay eggs under the skin is not responsible for your itching. Indeed, it is the larvae who dig furrows in order to extract themselves in the process of their development into an adult mite. Not perceptible to the naked eye, a dermatological analysis is necessary to diagnose this infection. The essential oil of tea tree applied to the sensitive areas will have a soothing effect and will stimulate the reconstruction of the chairs often to live following the itching. To avoid itching in the infected area it is advisable to dilute it with a vegetable oil of sweet almond, hazelnut or macadamia for application two to three times a day. But caution should be taken, this is not enough. Scabies will still be just as contagious.
This is why it is preferable, in parallel with the treatment, to use it to disinfect the potential agents of proliferation that are all the textile agents (lingerie, bedding, clothes, etc.). Simply pour ten drops of this essential oil directly into the drums of your washing machine and use a program at 60 ° C. Alternatively, lock your textiles in a tightly sealed bag with ten drops of tea tree essential oil and let stand for 72 hours, then wash at 40 ° C by adding ten more drops in your drums. Finally, you can also dilute ten drops in 250 cl of water and spray directly on any non-machine washable textile materials. It is preferable to avoid contact with infected persons before complete disinfection of the environment. Note that this last use is useful in general against any type of mite.
In addition, the essential oil of Tea Tree will stimulate the activity of the white blood cells which will increase the production of one type of antibody (Immunoglobulin A). Stimulating the immune system helps fight against foreign bodies and attacks on the body. This essential oil is therefore indispensable in this synergy against scabies.
5. Tamarind oil
Scabies can also be treated with tamarind oil. It should be massaged into affected areas of the skin. This oil has antifungal and antimicrobial effect, so it is effective in the treatment of scabies.
6. Aloe Vera
The tiny mites are responsible for scabies can be treated with an antimicrobial agent. From insect bites to dry skin, aloe vera is the solution for almost all skin problems. The cooling effects of aloe vera are well known. This herb can help reduce the discomfort itching caused by scabies. It can also help your skin heal faster. You can directly apply aloe vera or aloe gel to the affected part of the skin for an instant relief.
7. Lavender oil
In addition to being a source of beautiful fragrance, lavender oil is also useful in case of skin problems such as scabies. Oil helps kill the parasites. But it is much better in its purest form. You can get lavender oil at a beauty shop, herbarist’s or pharmacist’s.
For the anti-mite mixture, take 10 drops of lavender essential oil. The essential oil of lavender will help to assuage the skin lesions caused by excessive itching. Indeed, it has cicatrizing properties and will therefore allow the regeneration of the cells of the epidermis by stimulating the synthesis of keratinocytes. It will aseptisate lesions and inhibit inflammation which will promote the scar process. In addition, the linalol / linalyl acetate pair is soothing and calming. It goes on one side to act on the skin level by soothing the skin and soothing the itching. And on the other hand, it will act on the level of the nervous system and allow to promote the sleep often agitated because of the itching.
Onions can be powerful when it comes to controlling insects. Onion skin poultice can be an effective and all-natural home remedy against mites that cause scabies. Boil the peel of six onions in a liter of water for 15 to 30 minutes, or until it is bright yellow to the color. Allow the liquid to cool, then rub the solution over the affected areas. Repeat as often as necessary to calm itching caused by scabies.
9. Zinc increases immunity against scabies
Zinc deficiency is a common nutritional deficiency and a mineral that plays a significant role in a wide range of body functions. Zinc is a vital mineral that is of great importance to a variety of body functions. We need to get ourselves a certain amount of zinc every day and we are already affected by a small shortage. Those at risk of developing zinc deficiency are vegetarians, those who exercise hard, elderly, pregnant, nursing, and those who eat unilaterally or have problems with the gastrointestinal tract. If you are a woman using copper coils, you should also pay attention to your zinc levels.
About 20 percent of the body’s zinc is present in the skin and thus has a bearing on normal hair, skin and nails. Zinc deficiency can contribute to worse skin and skin problems such as fungi, eczema, acne, swelling, rosacea, psoriasis, skin cracks and skin abrasions during pregnancy or weight gain. White spots on the nails can occur in zinc deficiency, as well as fragile nails. Another indication may be brittle hair and hair loss.
Scabies generally produce a fungi outbreak and this can worsen your situation. So what can you do? Zinc can be used to stop fungi growth. You can mix zinc powder and water to create an ointment to apply it the affected areas. Allow to dry and then rinse with warm water.
It is rarely used a home remedy for scabies. Most people do not choose this method because it can cause long-term damage to the skin. But if you are in the desperate search for a powerful and quick fix to stop the itch, you can use the opportunity. Mix a part of four-part water bleach and have an exterminator crate ready for mud use, but it needs to be done with great care and not overly used.
Permethrin is a type I pyrethroid. Pyrethroids are acaricides and insecticides that also have a repellant effect. Pyrethroids affect the stress-sensitive sodium channels of vertebrates and invertebrates. Pyrethroids are so-called open channel blockers and affect the sodium channel by attenuating both activation and inactivation properties, which leads to increased retardability and death of the parasite. Permethrin has a repellent effect (prevents blood clotting) against scabies mites and sandy mites exterminating more than 80% under 4 weeks), mosquitoes and ticks. In an experimental study, the adulticidal effect against fleas started more rapidly with the drug than with fipronil only at 7 or 14 days after administration.
The drug kills mites on recently infected individuals within 6 hours from 2 days after treatment and for a full month. The mites already present on the skin when applied, are killed in 24 hours. In an experimental study, the drug indirectly reduced the risk of transmission of scabies from 7 days after application and up to 4 weeks. This reduced the risk of dog babesiosis in the treated dogs in this study. However, the effect of the drug to reduce transmission of infectious disease during natural exposure under field conditions has not yet been investigated.
You can use a store-bought ointment that contains Permethrin. Even a small part, 5% of Permetherin, is enough to make an ointment that can exterminate mites. But if you want to create your own ointment against mites, you can do it home by mixing 1 part of Permethrin with 10 parts of water and use a household sprayer to apply it to your skin, clothes, floors and furniture of the house. Permethrin helps to reduce skin itchiness apart from exterminating scabies mites.
12. A mix of essential oils against mite
To get rid of scabies, take an empty vial, and add:
- 10 drops of Lavender Essential Oil
- 10 drops of essential oil of Peppermint
- 20 drops of Clove essential oil
- 20 drops of Tea Tree essential oil
- 150 drops (7.5 ml) of Calendula oily macerate
Tightly screw the vial, homogenize it and then label the bottle. A powerful, organic and wonderfully fragrant anti-scabies oil mixture is ready!
13. Peppermint oil to soothe ‘the seven-year itch’
Although peppermint essential oil is particularly appreciated for its ability to release the respiratory tract, spreading mint essence is also a great idea to purify the air and remove bacteria and dust mites. It is also very useful for those who study or work as it favors concentration and strains stress. The strong smell of the mint helps concentration, tones the body and mind and helps withstand fatigue, stress and nervousness. The best way to enjoy these properties of mint essence is to spread it in needy environments but you can also use it diluted in a vegetable oil to make a relaxing massage. Thanks to anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties of peppermint, many people successfully use essential mint oil in case of headaches. To take advantage of its painkillers, just take a few drops of diluent to gently massage on the temples, spread the essence in the environments or smell it a little directly from the flask. Mint is also great for counteracting rheumatic or muscular pain, in this case it is better to choose massages.
In your anti-scabies campaign, it is beneficial to use peppermint essential oil to address the itch which is the primary symptom of scabies Indeed, they can become unsustainable and must be relieved. The essential oil of peppermint will be able to remedy this by refreshing the affected skin area. Few essential oils give a great feeling of freshness like peppermint oil. This essence is particularly suitable for refreshing and disinfecting the oral cavity as well as fighting alitoid, it is not uncommon to find it very often as an ingredient in toothpastes and colourants.
Peppermint essential mint oil is effective against bacteria but also against mushrooms and dust mites. Spread in the rooms, it purifies the air, while a few drops of bedding or pillows and sofas prevent the proliferation of mites. It can be spread to the environment or use pure (but a few drops) directly on sofas or mattresses to avoid the proliferation of scabies mites. Peppermint is strongly disliked by insects: the smell of peppermint essential oil does not like insects, so it may be useful to spread it during the period when many mosquitoes are present to keep them away from places where they are concentrated. In the cutaneous application, the menthol present between 30 and 55% triggers a sensation of cold and therefore presents a local anti-pruritic and analgesic action. It will anesthetize the pain receptors and thus inhibit the transmission of the pain message. The skin will therefore be soothed and the itching diminished.
14. Cloves essential oil against mites
The essential oil of clove seems to be one of the best solutions to fight against scabies. Its effectiveness against responsible parasites has been proven by scientific studies. It is also compared with benzyl benzoate, the molecule contained in the conventional treatments against scabies. Eugenol, the aromatic phenol that it contains in the amount of between 72 and 88%, is very powerful and will allow to kill the larvae of sarcoptes that appear under the epidermis. This essential oil will be very effective in local application on the skin but also to treat the environment. Indeed, it will limit the risk of contagion by bedding, clothing, and other personal belongings.
15. Among the natural remedies there are ointments and oils based on Peru balsam, naturally rich in benzyl benzoate.
The main properties of Peru balsam concern its balsamic, antiseptic, antiparasitic and healing activity. These properties are to be made up of a mixture of esters mainly composed of benzyl benzoate; thanks to antiparasitic activity, this substance is used in isolated form in gel and emulsion for the treatment of scabies.
Peru balsam is mainly used for external scarring purposes, but it is also present in inhalable medicine specialties. The use of Peru balsam is approved for the treatment of respiratory inflammation. For this application, it is always used for external use by inhalation: according to the instructions, a dose (drops or soluble tablets) is diluted in half a liter of boiling water and breathed the vapors, conveying them to the nose with the hands or covering your head with a towel.
Once, Peru balsam was also used for internal use as an anti-catastrophe, but this use was abandoned for lack of tolerance. For these applications it is used in the form of ointments, while for hemorrhoidal disease there are specific products in suppositories that exploit the astringent action.
To avoid the recurrence of scabies, you should boil all linen, towels and underwear. If you can not boil the bed sheets, they should be washed at the temperature which is as high as possible. Shoes in addition to laundry should be sprayed with vinegar on the inside - to kill the rest of the mites and eggs.
16. Calendula reduces inflammation
The itch associated with scabies can cause inflammation of the skin. To remedy this, use 150 drops of oily macerate of calendula: the farioadol. It is an unsaponifiable, anti-inflammatory properties that will fight against this itching. In addition, the fatty acids found in calendula oil will strengthen the skin’s hydrolipidic film to nourish, soothe and soften it. Calendula will break this vicious circle of scratching and having your skin inflamed.
17. Red thyme and its soothing anti-scabies action
The essential oil of red thyme is obtained from Thymus vulgaris, a plant of the Lamiaceae family. The herb is known for its many properties, it is used as a tonic, antibiotic and anti-inflammatory. Nervous nervous system, if inhaled, acts as a stimulating and reconstituting action. It is useful in the case of physical and mental fatigue, headaches, asthenia. It improves memory and brain activity, countering insomnia and depression.
Antibiotic: It is one of the most powerful remedies for bacterial infections affecting the urinary tract, respiratory system and intestines caused by proteas mirabilis bacteria, enterococci, staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, alcaiescens dispar, neisseria, corinebatteri, in the presence of Candidiasis, enterocolitis, leucorrhoea.
Balsamic: Red thyme helps to fluidize and exhale the catarrh from bronchi and lungs, flare up the congestion of the oral cavity, throat, pulmonary and nasal mucous membranes. For these properties it turns out to be one of the elective remedies for cough, bronchitis, pertussis, otitis, sinusitis, colds, and cooling illnesses.
Anti-inflammatory: Applied for external use, red thyme essential oil, due to analgesic action, can be massaged in case of lesions caused by scratching the itching scabies skin areas.
Anti-parasitic: Red thyme eliminates various types of parasites that affect the skin (scabies, lice, etc.) that cause dermatitis. In this regard, red thyme carries a healing action, and intestinal (tenia).
Environmental diffusion: 1 gc per sq. m. Of the environment where it diffuses, through essential oil burner or thermohumidifier, helps to purify the air and to avoid the risk of contagion in the rooms of sick people.
18. Oatmeal against scabies
Add several cups of whole oats to a large sock and tie up closed so that they will not sink. Fill the bathtub with warm water, and then place the oats stocking inside. Soak for 15 to 20 minutes daily to get rid of scabies naturally.
19. Mountain mint
Roll several tablespoons of mountain mint into a ball and rub directly to the skin areas affected by the scabies. Perform this task as often as necessary to ward off scabies and calm itching and sweating.
20. American pennyroyal (hedeoma pulegioides)
Add 1 teaspoon of dried American pennyroyal leaves to a coffee cup and pour boiling water over the top. Allow the mixture to drain for 10 to 15 minutes and then strain Pennyroyal from the liquid. Allow the herb tea to cool, and then apply it directly to the skin for immediate scabies relief.
21. Neem and turmeric slurry
Prepare a paste consisting 4 parts neem leaves and some turmeric root powder, and apply it freely to the affected areas. Continue once every day for three to five days, or until you get rid of scabies completely.
Scabies are treated with ointments, and they can be prepared at home. Take 4 tablespoons of fat, heated in an enamel pan, add shredded elecampanic root. Wait until all comes to the boil, and then keep it low for about 15 minutes. Then drain the hot mixture through a colander with a gauze. After a while, add 2 tablespoons of birch tar and the same amount of sulphur, and the resulting mass placed in a jar. Stir to obtain a homogeneous compound. Lubricate the lesion with the obtained substance two or three times daily. Rinse thoroughly a couple of hours after the application.
22. Ash against scabies
Take regular cigarette ash and rub in the affected area of the skin. Then lubricate the site with sulphuric ointment and seal it under a patch. Repeat four times a day, but do not wash the affected skin with water.
23. Homemade ointment against scabies
Take a spoonful of lime powder, a teaspoon of grated soap and a teaspoon of tar with two teaspoons of sulphur. Mix until a homogeneous compound is obtained. Apply to the skin two to three times a day, seal with a patch and rinse thoroughly after 2 hours. This popular remedy to manage infected skin areas and within one week the itching back.
It is important to see the doctor
The first thing to do when you suspect having scabies is to see a doctor. It’s not so easy to diagnose, so it’s best to allow an expert review. Once you are sure you have scabies, you can try any of these tips to fight it. Nothing is guaranteed when it comes to home remedies to treat scabies. If you have no success with a solution, try it with another. Be patient because remedies are safe to help combat scabies. It’s just a matter of time before finding what works best for you.
Be sure to seek medical advice before use for people with asthma and epilepsy. An essential oil is an estrogen-like substance. This synergy should not be used in cases of gallstones, inflammation of the gallbladder, severe liver problems, major cardiovascular problems, hypertension or taking anticoagulant medications. It is also recommended to carry out the allergic test with every home remedy before any use.
Post scabies itch
At the end of the treatment with scabicidal medication, skin irritation may persist for some time, with the difference that itching does not occur at night (as is typical during scabies). The scabicidal kills the mite, but the remains of the parasite body remain in the thickness of the epidermis and continue to create an allergic stimulus, which usually runs out after about two weeks.
Once the scab has been treated, it may be beneficial to use intensive emollients, to apply topical corticosteroids, or to take antihistamines by mouth to alleviate itching. In some cases, persistent itching depends on the failure of the therapy. This may be due to non-compliance or incorrect treatment, reinfestation (or recurrence), or resistance to therapy. Therefore, it is advisable for the doctor to take another cycle of therapy or to change the scabicidal product.
Prevention of scabies
The prevention of scabies is carried out in compliance with common hygiene rules, avoiding as much as possible overcrowding and the use of common towels or linens, especially in schools, colleges and communities. The complaint is compulsory. In the case of animal scab, the eradication of the parasite in the four-legged friend (usually dogs or cats) also leads to healing.