in this article:
Vitiligo, dark spots, blotches, pitiras: the types of stains that may appear on our skin are really many and of different origin. Even the causes underlying the formation of skin patches can be multiple.
So why do spots on the skin appear? Common and frequent causes include damage caused by too much or incorrect exposure to sunlight or other sources of ultraviolet. The sun in fact causes hypervanesis, or a concentration of melanin overproduction only at certain points in the body, the so-called cloacas or molasses, the classic dark spots that are so frequent. Taking hormones, autoimmune diseases, and metabolic dysfunction may be other triggers, causing other types of stains.
It is important to be able to tell the difference between dangerous and harmless dark spots. Changes in skin need not be dangerous. This is how you distinguish between harmful pigment stains and stains you should take seriously.
Mask of pregnancy (melisma)
Melasma is the appearance of pigment stains on the part of your face exposed to the sun. It is a rather common skin disease that most of the time affects young women with light or olive skin. In this article you will learn about the symptoms, causes and natural treatments for melasma or pigmentation on the skin.
Melisma often affects younger to middle-aged women. This kind of dark spot is caused by sun, but also hormones that stimulate pigment production can play a major role. Pregnancy and birth control pills can affect it, for example. Spots of this kind give a little dirty impression, and usually appear in the forehead area, on cheekbones or around the mouth. Melasma is an aesthetic problem that many suffer from. Melasma dark spots usually bleak during the winter and become more visible during the summer. First, second and third tip are all high-strength sunscreen cream. But you can easily get melasma anyway, if you have a tendency to it. A combination of chemical peel and laser treatments can improve the skin. There are also creams that have a mild bleaching effect. We will address home remedies for this type of dark spots later in the article.
The appearance of dark spots is most common among women between the ages of 20 and 50. This skin disease is related to the imbalance of the female hormones progesterone and estrogen. This is why the appearance of melasma is more common among pregnant women as well as women who take birth control pills or who undergo hormone treatments during menopause. In order for this condition to occur, sun exposure is necessary; Which is why it most affects women living in tropical climate and during the summer. Other times it can be caused by high stress levels, side effects from cosmetics or drugs, inherited or impaired function of the thyroid hormone.
There is only one symptom of melasma: the skin color changes. This can cause unpleasant or bad self-esteem regarding one’s own appearance. Such skin diseases are usually seen as a brown discoloration. The spots appear on the head, cheeks, nose and upper lip. They are usually symmetrical or, more accurately, occur the same way on both sides of the face.
Persons with melasma or pigment stains, as well as their family members who have experienced these conditions, should take extra precautions as this is a hereditary disease. Avoid the sun and always have a sunscreen with a high sun protection factor when you go to the beach or in the mountains and also every day. Avoid taking birth control pills or undergoing other types of hormone treatments. It is important to be careful when deciding on a melasma treatment even when it is a cure. If it is very unpleasant or strong, there is a risk that it will give the opposite effect and make the situation worse.
There is no definite cure for melasma. However, it is possible to reduce the appearance and color of the spots, which may come back during the next pregnancy, or if you start taking birth control pills again or if you expose your skin to the sun every day. The biggest problem with pigment stains is that it is aesthetic and is related to appearance because no other symptoms or damage to the body occur. In some cases, these pigment stains can disappear without treatment, for example after pregnancy.
Seborrhic keratosis / seborrhic verruca or a senile wart
Seborrhic keratosis, seborrhic verruca or senile warts are dry and rough skin changes that appear over the years. They are very common, but their true cause has not been established. Some have one, others have several dark spots caused by seborrhic keratosis on the body. They are more common after 40 and then increase with age. Senile warts can sit anywhere but are often found on sacrum, shoulders, face and back. Seborrhic keratosis has a very varied look. It can be light, dark, gray or brown, or look like a rough wax. Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish seborrheic keratosis from the skin cancer melanoma. Sometimes they disappear easily all by themselves. They are harmless but are treated for aesthetic reasons. Dark spots caused by seborrhic keratosis are usually easy to scrape them with local anesthesia or to freeze them.
Severe sun damage / actinic keratosis
A chronic sun damage you get after too much sunbathing. Actinic keratosis may grow to be skin cancer in older people. Therefore, to exclude this risk, it is important to treat skin changes. Actinic keratosis manifests itself as extreme cellular changes that are a little pinkish with hard peeling. It appears on skin that has been exposed to too much sun, such as face, hands and arms. This kind of dark spots is better dealt with professionally, with an array of prescription creams and freezing or light treatments (PDT). Treatment of actinic keratosis is provided by medical care, unlike melasma and other spots caused by the sun in which it is aesthetic treatment. The aesthetic treatments are done under private care and the cost varies greatly. Some liver spots have been there since birth and are probably inherited by parents, but most appear between the ages of 20 and 30, and can be raised or flat, hairy or hairless, and look soft or coarse. Some disappear by themselves when you grow older.
The following promote hepatic development:
- Hormone fluctuations
- Exposure to the sun
Moles / Nevi
Common moles, birthmarks, or nevi, is a collection of pigment cells. They begin to emerge already during the first years of life, and then you get more until the age of 30. Almost all are harmless, but single moles can develop into skin cancer (malignant melanoma). As for their appearance, birthmarks are a dark spot on the skin, a pigment assembly. They can have many different looks and differ in size, shape and color. Birthmarks can be found everywhere on the body. Suspected hazardous spots should be cut away and not laser treated. It is important that the new skin formation that has been deleted is sent to the analysis to see what it is.
Who does not want a sexy mole on the lip like Cindy Crawford? But in reality, we are not all so lucky, and some liver spots or freckles are a nightmare. And even Cindy Crawford confessed to have had some of hers removed! If you want to remove liver stains naturally, you can take advantage of home-made recipes. Although these natural cures can take a little longer than chemical treatments, we know that they do not damage the skin. If you know that your liver has not changed your appearance for a while or if you have gone to a dermatologist to rule out that the stain is a sign of something negative, you can take advantage of some natural remedies described further in this article.
The spots are the typical signs of vitiligo (also called leucoderma): it is a skin disorder, generally hereditary, which occurs especially in young people before the age of twenty. It is not an infectious disease: the damage is only of aesthetic nature, although the skin affected by the phenomenon may be more sensitive to light.
Such spots are a consequence of skin color alteration (local hypopigmentation) caused by the lack of melanin production (pigment defining skin coloring) by melanocytes, which, while remaining alive, stop synthesizing melanin. White spots can be spread throughout the body; most commonly, vitiligo occurs in the nails and body areas near openings (eyes, anus, genitals), but may also occur on the hands, face and neck.
As has been mentioned, white spots cannot be protected from tanning; in fact, due to the shortage of melanin produced, these areas are more susceptible to sunburn and erythema. The treatment of vitiligo, however, involves the administration of ultraviolet ambulatory wavelengths at specific wavelengths, sometimes associated with the application of photosensitizing substances; this practice, of medical competence, has the purpose of reactivating melanocyte function.
In vitiligo, the spots are white, asymmetrical, with slightly darker and delineated contours. More than a physical problem, vitiligo is considered a psychological disorder: subjects with this dermatosis may feel somewhat rejected by others as ‘normal’ because of the anesthetic problem.
As regards etiology, and therefore the search for triggering causes, it can be said that there are no specific factors: the origin of vitiligo is therefore doubtful, despite the tendency to genetic predisposition. Stress and diminution of immune defenses may also affect the enhancement of vitiligo; similarly, thyroid dysfunction causes white spots scattered on the skin. Conversely, vitiligo may be an alarm bell for other major disorders, involving dysfunction and hyperactivity in the immune system such as type I diabetes and Addison’s disease; not by accident, is often associated with alopecia areata.
Thus. vitiligo is a non-contagious skin disease in which melanocytes, melanin-producing cells, undergo an alteration and are no longer able to perform their function properly: so the skin of a subject with vitiligo is characterized by the presence of white spots, asymmetrical, with darker and irregular outlines that spread throughout the body or remain limited in some areas.
Preferably, vitiligo affects the nails and body areas close to openings (eyes, anus, genitals), but may also appear on the hands, face and neck. Vitiligo is a hypopigmentation condition also called leukoderma: vitiligo-induced stains are called ‘hypocromous’ or ‘acromic’ because the affected areas are lacking or lacking in melanin.
The damage suffered is of aesthetic nature, so no pathological repercussions of any kind are expected; nevertheless, vitiligo could cause psychological and emotional disturbances, creating embarrassment, stress and shame on the affected subjects; many of these, in fact, experience vitiligo as a disease in all respects, which forces them to remain isolated from ‘normal’ people. In fact, vitiligo can detract from the image of the person and above all the subjective perception of his own image, causing social and work consequences.
The only symptom that could be found in vitiligo is the itching that occurs in one third of affected subjects: itching is an alarm bell, as it is indicative of a possible (and probable) worsening of the disease.
We have mentioned that vitiligo is not a contagious disease and does not cause any harm to the organism; nevertheless, the skin of a subject with vitiligo, being devoid of melancholy pigment, appears more sensitive to solar radiation, as white spots cannot be protected from tanning. Individuals with vitiligo are therefore more exposed to sunburn and sunburn, due to the shortage of melanin produced, which cannot provide adequate skin protection (natural protection). In the presence of vitiligo is a good rule, therefore, use sunscreens to prevent erythema and sunburn.
However, there are no specific triggering factors: the origin of vitiligo is uncertain, although genetic predisposition has been recorded. Additionally, thyroid dysfunction, stress, and decline in immune defenses also contribute to enhancing the disorder. Vitiligo may still be a sign of much more severe pathologies, such as type 1 diabetes and Addison’s disease, all illnesses that involve alteration / hyperactivity of the immune system.
Vitiligo can be manifested in two forms, which differ in the shape of patches: bilateral vitiligo and segmental vitiligo. The distinction between the two forms is clear as the origin, course and related pathologies are very different.
Bilateral vitiligo is the most widespread condition, considering that it is present in 90% of those affected by vitiligo. The ‘bilateral’ name has been attributed to the fact that white spots, typical of the disturbance, are distributed symmetrically in both halves of the body, which means, for example, that if vitiligo is manifested in the right hand, as well as in the hand left will be affected, as well as knees, legs, etc.
In addition, three other subclasses are classified in the bilateral vitiligo according to the localization of the acromic stains: generalized vitiligo (over 70% of the body is spotted with patches without melanin), acrophacic vitiligo (stains only on hands, feet and face) and focal vitiligo (very few scattered but permanent spots).
Segmental vitiligo is the least common form: white spots are asymmetric and are present only in one half of the body. Segmental vitiligo has a very early onset, manifested primarily in infants; in a short period of about two years, the acromic spots progress and stabilize. It is a manifestation that differs from the common vitiligo, since genetic influence and stress are not the triggering causes: some scholars believe that, considering the strange ‘spatial’ layout of the spots, the course of the subcutaneous nerves could somehow favor segmented vitiligo, but we will have to wait for more detailed future studies to shed light on the aetiology of the disorder.
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease, so it is very difficult to finally eradicate; the application of photosensitizing substances – associated with outbreaks of UV radiation at certain wavelengths – is a good practice of medical expertise, which aims to reactivate the proper functioning of melanocytes. This practice is called ‘PUVA Therapy’, acronym for Psoralen and UVA: psoralenes are natural photosensitive substances that are found in some plants.
This therapy involves topical application or oral administration: in the first case, the practice is performed in the hospital through direct application to psoralen-based cream stains, resulting in UVA light irradiation. For subjects with vitiligo that affects more than 20% of the body, PUVA oral therapy provides a dose for psoralenic amnesis: after approximately two hours, the subject should undergo irradiation with UVA lamps. Like all treatments, PUVA therapies can also have side effects such as nausea, burns, diarrhea, and unexpected hyperpigmentation of the affected areas.
UVB rays are also useful in the treatment of vitiligo: compared to PUVA therapy, UVB rays allow the resolution – generally partial – of the disorder in much shorter times, with no long-term repercussions. Among the possible side effects, short term, is eczema, itching and herpes.
In addition, some steroid-based creams and starches are available on the market for the treatment of vitiligo, which have the ability to replicate the skin, but are generally used as a support for other therapies. The use of corticosteroids should be controlled and prescribed by the physician; indiscriminate use can have serious consequences, including skin thinning, stretch marks, acne. Other creams to counteract the vitiligo-contiguous immunoregulatory constituents, capable of modulating the immune response, should also be used.
In some cases, melanocyte transplantation is also possible for vitiligo resolution: this treatment is recommended for small stains and in case other therapies have not yielded any major results.
If vitiligo is a serious problem for the affectionate person, the expert should not only direct the patient to the most appropriate treatment for the replication of the spots, but should encourage the person to support psychological therapy, in order to replenish the lost self-esteem and be able to lead a peaceful social life. Of course there are exceptions, which consider vitiligo not as a disorder, but as a fortune.
Vitiligo is characterized by the appearance of non-pigmented patches of varying dimensions; In these areas skin becomes clearer, almost white and, apart from chromatic alteration, is absolutely normal. Hypigmented areas are usually well demarcated and often symmetrical. Depigmentation can be localized (affecting 1 or 2 areas of the body) or diffused across the skin surface. In most cases, vitiligo affects the face, fingers, back of the hands, flexural surfaces of the wrists, forearms, elbows, knees, tibial ribs, dorsal surface of the ankles, armpits, navel, nipples and inguinal and anomalous regions. The hairs in the affected areas are generally white. Sometimes, they notice their partial fall or thinning.
Those suffering from vitiligo are more susceptible to sunlight and sunburn, as the skin is devoid of the natural protection of melanin. For this reason, all depigmented areas must be protected with very high protection of the garments or filters. Often, the depigmented skin is obvious to the lens examination and accentuated if lighted with blue light of the Wood lamp.
The first line treatment is topical corticosteroids. Calcineurine topical inhibitors (e.g. tacrolimus and pimecrolimus) can also be used, especially useful for treating skin areas such as face and groin. Small patches can be masked with makeup. To improve vitiligo, you can also undergo phototherapy, laser therapy or transplantation of melanocytes.
Vitiligo treatment involves the skin application of photosensitizing substances associated with UV radiation to certain wavelengths. This particular type of treatment is called ‘PUVA therapy’.
The skin spots can hide more serious problems than a ‘simple’ vitiligo: sometimes, these whitish spots can be the cause of a fungal mushroom-like skin infection, Pityriasis Versicolor. Stains can be scattered on the trunk, back, and neck: at first the patches are white because the microorganism blocks the production of melanin when the infection is triggered.
Among the microorganisms of the fungal nature that lie on the skin, Pityriasis Versicolor stands out: it is a saprophytic, that is, a microorganism normally present in the skin; more specifical Pityriasis Versicolor, lives close to the hair follicle and nourishes the secretion of the sebaceous glands. Under normal conditions, it does not cause damage.
When factors such as sebaceous hypersecretion, intense sweating, genetic predisposition and decreased immune defenses (as a consequence of pharmacological treatments) intervene, the microorganism develops into the pathogenic Pityrosporum Ovale: as it is more aggressive, it infects the skin, making it spotted with patches of various colors.
Not always this infection is recognized: the dermatologist has the task of identifying it promptly and will have to advise the patient on antimycotic medication. The disorder is not contagious and does not have serious health consequences, but can create psychological problems in the subject (such as vitiligo), which may have perception, though unfounded, of being ‘ill’: white spots may persist even after having eradicated the infection and this makes the skin very unhealthy.
Pityriasis Alba is a disorder that affects skin pigmentation and manifests itself, in the form of white patches on the skin. The spots that characterize this disorder are round or oval, but the margins are not well-defined, but blurred. The central area of these white spots is usually desquamated. Pityriasis Alba affects mainly children and adolescents between the ages of 3 and 16, with the highest incidence among male individuals compared to females. It is a disorder that is not exactly the cause, although – often – it occurs in patients with particularly dry skin and / or other skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis or psoriasis.
It is not an infectious disease and generally does not require the use of special therapies because it tends to be self-limiting. It may be helpful to keep the skin well moisturized and protected by UV rays by using appropriate sunscreens. In some cases, in order to limit the appearance of white stains on the skin, your doctor may consider it necessary to use mild corticosteroids, but only under his supervision and only for short periods of time.
Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis
Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis is another disorder of skin pigmentation that causes the appearance of small white patches on the skin. It is not contagious and manifests itself especially in people of a certain age. The white spots that characterize this disorder are generally small (diameter less than 5 mm) and well-defined contours. They manifest themselves with greater incidence on forearms and legs, but may also affect the face or other parts of the body.
It is believed that the cause of idiopathic guttato hypomelanosis is to be investigated in several factors, such as skin aging processes and microtraums suffered by the skin during the life of the patient. More specifically, it is commonly believed that white spots on the skin caused by this disorder are attributable to the damage caused by melanocytes following unmonitored solar exposure. Indeed, such stains generally appear on the areas most exposed to the sun.
Other causes of white spots
In addition to what has been described so far, white patches on the skin may also be caused by a number of other causes of varying origin and nature, such as nutritional deficiencies or the use of certain types of medication. In other cases, white spots on the skin may be the side effect or the complication of some dermo-aesthetic treatments (as can be the case, for example, with anti-wrinkle laser treatments). Still, white spots on the skin may be the result of traumas (post-traumatic hypopigmentation) or some inflammatory pathologies (post-inflammatory hypopigmentation), such as, for example, dermatitis, eczema, or skin infections.
Home remedies for dark spots of various kinds
Our skin will always be exposed to harmful things in our environment – external factors that eventually affect the skin and contribute to the appearance of unevenness, wrinkles and, above all, skin stains. These spots occur due to age, especially in women over 55 years old, although skin stains may also occur due to acne and other skin problems. Read on tips for bleaching skin’s dark spots! It’s always good to try to avoid things that contain chemicals, or in any case stick to those that contain the least, to keep your skin healthy. Therefore, today we will give you tips on natural remedies you can use to bleach dark spots.
There are several natural make-up solutions and natural remedies for skin stains, their functionality depends on the type of stain you have to deal with, the use and frequency and consistency of the application:
1. Birch bark decoction
Birch bark decoction, used both internally, or as herbal tea. When used externally, it should be left to cool and applied on stains. It is perfect against pitriasis, dark spots and skin blemishes.
2. Eucalyptus essential oil
For dark spots that the skin presents in adulthood it is very useful to rub the skin with castor oil and essential oil of eucalyptus, morning and evening.
3. Rice bran and lemon juice
An effective application, which is also one of the simplest natural remedies, is obtained by mixing rice bran with lemon juice: the dough should be applied to the face for a quarter of an hour and then rinsed. Or, following the same application, you can blend one apple’s pulp, add 2 tablespoons of rice flour and centrifuged cucumber juice or grated cucumber.
4. Horseradish lotion
Prepare a grated horseradish lotion and 200 ml of vinegar that is macerated in a jug can prove to be a fantastic natural remedy for the skin. Allow to rest the lotion for a whole day, then filter and buffer the stains with the liquid obtained, as if it were a tonic.
5. Cucumber, carrot and wheat germ oil
A stain-resistant and refreshing lotion is made with 1/2 cucumber, 50 ml of carrot juice, 30 ml of wheat germ oil. Peel the cucumber and grate it gently; Pass the purée obtained, press it and mix it with the carrot juice and wheat germ oil. This paste, if applied to the sun spots, is able to make it fade and refresh the dermis.
6. Herbal creams and oils
Effective aid against dark spots also come from the herbalist. It can spread on the stained skin of pure aloe or in superconcentrated gel or cream, continuing for at least two months. Calendula ointment, for instance, is very effective in fighting off dark spots, which can be purchased either in pharmacy or at a herbal medicine store, or to prepare it at home by centrifuging the fresh stems of the plant. Malvas, which contains ascorbic acid, helps to lighten and the arbutin contained in ursina grapes is lately widely used in herbal preparations for the same purpose.
Natural remedies for dark spots used internally
Food greatly affects the condition of the skin, in fact there are also foods that are themselves natural remedies against the skin’s unattractive skin spots. If we had to eat carrots and yellow pumpkins for a long time, our skin, starting with that of the hands, would take on a tendentious yellowish color. Food therefore affects skin pigmentation and is partly responsible for its defense.
The skin’s dark spots can be caused by excessive consumption of simple and refined sugars, honey, tropical fruit. This happens in your body: as excess sugars accumulate and move to the surface of the body to be eliminated, during this process they stimulate the production of melanin, and the result may be a bad dark spot.
In order to avoid the detrimental effect of this process, all vitamin E-rich foods such as oils, dried fruits, seeds and grains in the front line can be used as natural skin remedies. The list is vast and includes extra virgin olive oil, hazelnuts, almonds, nuts and dried fruits, sunflower oil, rice, whole grains, milk – those foods should never be missing on the board and in protecting the skin.
1. Powdered milk and oxygenated water
You just need to add a couple of tablespoons of powdered milk into a container, then add a few drops of oxygenated water, one with glycerol and one with lemon juice. When a cream has been formed, apply it in the evenings and then wash it with soap in the morning.
2. Aloe Vera
Cut off some stems of this plant and then open them to extract the pork. Then mix this with a little water if necessary. Apply this on the face to pale skin patches and allow it to sit for 10-15 minutes before rinsing with cold water. Aloe Vera, an extract of the Aloe plant has been used for centuries to heal wounds, sores, minor burns and scratches. Aloe Vera can also be used to reduce brown and age spots. Buy it in gel or juice form, and apply the generous brown spots twice daily, you should notice results within a month
3. Lemon and oats
You need a tablespoon of lemon juice, a cup of oats and a tomato. Mix everything in a mixer until it becomes a lot. Apply this on your face to bleach skin stains. Let it sit for 15 minutes. Remove it using a wet cotton cloth or a wet towel. It is recommended that you apply this before you go to bed.
It’s not just that yogurt works – it’s highly recommended. It also works as a general cream for the skin, without specifically bleaching skin stains. You should apply this on your entire face and neck to bleach skin stains – every night for two weeks.
A decoction of chamomile can help you bleach skin stains if you use it as a tonic or an astringent. Dip a cotton ball into a cold decoction and apply on your face.
6. Papaya, carrots and honey
Papaya is a perfect fruit to soften the skin and make it finer, as well as pale skin stains. Make a purée with papaya and add a grated, boiled carrot. Then add a tablespoon of honey. Apply the cream on your face and allow it to sit for 30 minutes to bleach skin stains.
7. Chamomile and honey
Prepare a decoction of chamomile, as we mentioned earlier. Then add honey. This time you only need to apply this to the skin. Let it sit for about 15 minutes.
You should keep in mind that lemon can make the skin very sensitive to the sun, and therefore you should only apply it in the evening. Apply a few drops of lemon with a cotton ball.
9. Oxygenated water
Dip a cotton ball into oxygenated water, which you apply where you want to bleach skin stains. You should do this regularly to see results.
Take a bunch parsley and finely grind it using a food processor. Dip a cotton ball into the juice that appears. You apply this on the face to bleach skin stains. You will soon see that you get good results.
11. Carrots, cucumbers and parsley
You need a carrot, a half cucumber and a sprig of parsley. Cut this into small pieces and run it into the mixer until you get a lot. You can also add a few drops of olive oil. Then add this pulp into the fridge. Bring it out after a while and apply it to face for 15 minutes. Then rinse with cold water. Do this at least three times a week.
12. Lactic acid
Lactic acid can help you bleach skin stains and it will not irritate the skin. Buttermilk and the like contain lactic acid. Take a cotton ball and apply this on your face to bleach skin stains.
Garlic is the most commonly used for skin-colored liver spots or bumps on the skin. Garlic contains certain enzymes that break down the cells responsible for producing pigments. You can use garlic to bleach your dark spots. What you need is 1 garlic clove, a piece of gauze, and medical tape. Before starting, disinfect the area where the liver spots are in alcohol and cover the skin with almond oil or petroleum jelly to protect the skin from the surrounding area. Then crush a garlic clove and place on the liver so that the inside touches the skin. Secure the gap with gauze and tape. Let the remedy work all night and repeat daily for a week. After a while, the dark spot will disappear.
14. Onion juice
You can use store-bought onion soup. If not, you can do it at home if you wish. It’s very simple. What you need is 1 onion. Just chop the onion into fine strips and put them in the food processor. You will get a nice poultice slurry that you place on your liver and allow to work for a few hours. You need at least three weeks to see results. Keep in mind that you should not use the cure on the eyelids or near the eyes as it may cause irritation.
15. Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar bleaches your liver spots and can remove them naturally without the need to turn to medical procedures. What you need is 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar, 1 cotton ball. Just dip the cotton pad into a little vinegar and apply to the dark spot. Leave for at least an hour and repeat daily until the skin disappears. If the apple cider vinegar irritates your skin, stop using it.
16. Castor oil
Castor oil has long been a highly appreciated oil. In Ayurvedic medicine, the oil is used, for example, by spinal cord, rheumatism and sciatica. Traditional household cures testify that the castor oil can make hair grow faster and stronger, and to make the eyelashes grow longer and denser. On the skin it is used traditionally to reduce pigment stains and age spots. Castor oil is extracted from castor seeds containing almost 50% oil. 10% consist of common fatty acids and the remainder consists of ricinoleic acid, a high quality and very stable and stable fatty acid unique to ricin seeds. Castor oil is a fatty oil that takes a long time to be absorbed by the skin.
Castor oil is really good for cleaning the skin in depth as it effectively dissolves dirt and grease in the pores. Whether you have oily, combined or dry skin, this is a wonderful deep cleansing method. You really need to try yourself to understand how effective it is – both in terms of moisture balancing, cleaner and better skin. Learn more about cleaning your skin with vegetable oils.
Castor oil not only removes liver spots, but also warts and marks on the skin. The best effect is achieved when you repeatedly apply the oil for several days or weeks. To speed up the process, we recommend that you combine it with bicarbonate or crushed aspirin. You will need 1 tablespoon of castor oil, 1 aspirin tablet or one tablespoon bicarbonate (optional). Rub the oil directly onto the dark spot and do not rinse. Do it when you wake up and before going to bed. The process takes at least one month, but the advantage is that it does not leave any scars.
Another traditional cure is to use castor oil for self-treatment to reduce beauty spots and age spots. The stains are lubricated two or more times a day for several months. It generally takes a long time to get rid of pigment changes, but castor oil is both an economical and effective method of patience. You can use the oil as it is or mix 25 drops of essential lemon oil with 90 ml of castor oil for faster results (Note: Lemon oil is not recommended in summer when staying in the sun). Other traditional uses of castor oil are that e.g. lubricate the skin for severe ulcers, blemishes, hemorrhoids and scarring. May be well worth trying.
17. Banana peel
Banana peel does not only remove dark spots naturally, but also has excellent moisturizers and does not provoke any aggressive reactions of the skin. Every time you eat a banana, save the shell. Cut a small piece, as large as the dark spot, and press the inside against the stain. Repeat every day, always at night. Do not rinse the skin.
18. Tea tree oil
There are two ways to remove dark spots with this oil: Moisten a cotton swab with the oil and rub to the area. Dip a cotton ball into tea tree oil and place on the liver spot; secure with a piece of gauze. We recommend that you use both ways depending on the time of day. It is best to use the tops in the mornings and cotton swab in the evening. It will take around a month to see the results.
You can use bicarbonate with a little water or with castor oil. The goal is to get a stain that you can apply to the liver and allow to dry. You can rinse it off or cover the liver with a gauze and let it sit overnight. However, it takes at least three weeks to completely remove the dark spots.
20. Pineapple juice
Pineapple juice helps reduce the pigmentation of the liver spots and causes them to gradually disappear. The juice can be bought in stores or prepared at home in a juice press or with a blender. Apply pineapple juice on the liver with a cotton swab. Allow to dry and rinse off. For best results, we recommend using fresh juice because it contains more citric acid. Other fruits that also yield good results are green apples, lemons and grapefruit.
Home remedies for age spots
You can not back the time. But – one can actually use science to bleach and even get rid of age spots and pigment changes. Which is usually an effective way to get a younger look and renewed luster, excitement and freshness to the face. Pigment stains affect everyone as we age. Even soon after forty, most people begin to discover age spots and other pigment uniforms on the skin. For many women, this is synonymous with “getting old” – and many do not like the fact that their appearance does not match their youthful mind.
So what to do? Yes, if you do not like pigment changes, you should do something about it. Often it is possible to bleach pigment stains properly - and also naturally. The result will be an immediate sense of rejuvenation!
But – patience is needed, vecauseit usually takes time to get a visible result, not rarely between 8-16 weeks. At the same time, avoid the sun as best as possible and use sunscreen.
In the list below you will find out what natural treatments are available to counteract skin aging and effectively remove pigment stains, age spots and other pigment uniforms. With the right trick you can even prevent the appearance of new pigment stains. Scientific studies have shown how a combination of different prescription-free substances gives this effect just after a couple of months, and on nine out of ten pigment changes.
Prevent and zap the spots from the beginning
Prevent! Protect your skin with clothing, sun hat and / or use a sunscreen with high sunscreen factor to prevent the appearance of pigment stains.
Natural creams that bleach
There are some good natural creams that bleach pigment stains and provide even skin tone. The active ingredients in these are often such as licorice root, mulberry, vitamin C, lactic acid and other vegetable acids. They all work in different ways, partly by slowing the tyrosine enzyme that has the key role of pigmentation, while preventing melanin from spreading to surrounding cells to prevent new spots.
Three substances are considered particularly helpful. These are the three prescription substances alpha arbutin, rumex occidentalis and melfade, which in clinical trials proved to be so effective against pigment stains that they bleach or even remove nine out of ten pigment stains. And they are especially good in combination with each other.
Alpha arbutin is known as the safest and most effective skin bleaching agent and acts by inhibiting the process where the amino acid tyrosine begins its transformation into melanin. This prevents the formation of melanin from the beginning, as well as preventing new spots from occurring. Such substances as rumex occidentalis and melfade support this preventive and bleaching process.
Nutritional supplements that contribute to normal pigmentation
Choose nutritional supplements that replenish the skin, invigorating it and empowering it for age resilience. An ideal supplement should contain Indian currants, pomegranate and astaxanthin that help the skin to normal pigmentation.
Skincare experts say that half a deciliter acai juice can help every day. One reason for this belief to be acai berries are so rich in antioxidants and antioxidants in their turn do a ton of good to almost every part of your body, including the eyes and skin. Açai juice is completely natural, not diluted but a concentrated juice, no additives but a pure natural product.
While Vitamin E is most known for its contribution to reducing the appearance of scars as well as helping to maintain glowing skin, it can also be used to reduce the appearance of brown spots. Start taking a capsule of vitamin E daily. You can also cut the capsule and rub the oil into it on dark spots. Leave oil at night, then rinse off the areas carefully in the morning.
Apple cider vinegar and onion juice
Apple cider vinegar has become very popular in the last decade. Because of its countless uses for home cures. It has been shown to help with diabetes, weight loss, blood pressure, acne and several other minor anxieties. When apple cider vinegar mixed with onion juice, it works to reduce dark spots on the skin. Take a white onion and finely chop it and then use a sieve to squeeze out the juice. Mix several tablespoonfuls. Of onion juice in a cup of apple cider vinegar. Using a cloth or cotton swab, sand-blend the mixture and apply it directly over each brown spot. The results should begin to show within six weeks.
To sum it up, there are multiple home remedies for dark spots, but once you face one too many spots on the skin that can be really sturdy, it can be difficult to remedy them one by one. If you want to bleach severe skin spots, you may need to visit a dermatologist.